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  1. Macintosh OS X Macintosh Operating System X Macintosh OS X

  2. Chapter 1 The Macintosh Operating System Macintosh OS X

  3. Graphics and the Mac OS • Graphics take the guesswork out of using the Mac OS X system. • CD ROM, Zip Disk, or DVD icons appears on the desktop. • Double-click icons to view their contents. Macintosh OS X

  4. New and Old Combined • The Mac OS X system is comprised of new technologies. • You must install OS 9.1 before using OS X. • OS X relies on OS 9.1 so older applications can run. Macintosh OS X

  5. MAC OS X Components • Aqua is the name of OS X’s visual interface. • The windows are translucent. • The buttons cast a drop shadow. Macintosh OS X

  6. Darwin • OS X comes from UNIX which Apple code-named Darwin. • Darwin combines multitasking, protected memory and other components. • Multitasking is your computer doing work in the background, while you work in the foreground. Macintosh OS X

  7. More Components • The Quartz engine is responsible for the crisp 2D graphics. • There is a “genie effect” when minimizing or maximizing a window. • OpenGL (Open Graphics Library) provides fast rendering, texturing, and lighting effects. Macintosh OS X

  8. Protected Memory • Applications no longer crash the entire machine when forcing a Quit. • Force Quit exits the running application, without requiring a Restart. Macintosh OS X

  9. Virtual Memory • The days of “Out of memory” errors are gone. • Mac OSX allocates enough memory resources to the open applications. Macintosh OS X

  10. The QuickTime Player • QuickTime Player plays movies, animations, and sounds. • When opening a media file, the QuickTime dialog appears. • Clicking the Play button will start the movie. Macintosh OS X

  11. Channels • QuickTime Player plays Channels. • There are special Internet sites specifically optimized for use with the Player. Macintosh OS X

  12. Mac Classic 9 • OS 9 and OS X can run at the same time. • You can start your Macintosh with either of the systems. Macintosh OS X

  13. Mac Classic 9, cont. • Classic 9 starts automatically when the icon of an OS 9 application is double-clicked. • Classic 9 also starts up when a document created in OS 9 is opened. Macintosh OS X

  14. Running from Classic 9 • You can work exclusively in either OS X or OS 9.1, if desired. • If you have less than 128 MB of RAM, you can run your Classic applications with OS 9.1. Macintosh OS X

  15. Applications (Mac OS 9) • Any of your past Classic 9 applications have been placed in a folder called Applications (Mac OS 9). Macintosh OS X

  16. Chapter 2 The Working Environment Macintosh OS X

  17. Powering Up • On G3 and G4 models, and above, the Power button is on the front of the cabinet. Macintosh OS X

  18. What is the Desktop? • The Desktop is the environment where you do most of your work. • When programs completely cover the Desktop, it's still there in the background. Macintosh OS X

  19. The Keyboard • Getting items into the computer is mostly through the keyboard. • Using the Keyboard to Control Programs • Using Function Key • Using Modifier Keys Macintosh OS X

  20. The Mouse • The mouse was not popular until the introduction of the Macintosh computer. • Moving the mouse on a flat surface controls the arrow that you see on your monitor. Macintosh OS X

  21. Using the Mouse • Hold down the mouse button on an icon and move it around. • Drag the icon to where you want it. • Release the mouse button to drop the item. • This works for moving items from one folder to another. Macintosh OS X

  22. Menu Bars • The Menu bars hold solutions for performing many tasks. • Great for creating shortcuts, emptying the trash, keeping track of your recent folders and applications. Macintosh OS X

  23. Context Sensitive • Menu bars display choices specific to what you’re doing at the time. • At the Desktop level, View menu choices are for cleaning up or arranging icon arrangement. • Other menus allow for copying files, printing, emptying the Trash, or shutting down computer. Macintosh OS X

  24. About This Mac • About This Mac provides information about your computer. • It indicates the make and model of your workstation and much RAM you have installed (in OS 9.1). Macintosh OS X

  25. Windows • A window is a fundamental component of Mac OS X. • Windows sit on top of the Desktop, which is always functional and immediately available. Macintosh OS X

  26. The Purpose of Windows • Windows serve two functions:- Displaying the content of folders, drives, removable disks and CD-ROMs.- Displaying the working page of an application program. Macintosh OS X

  27. Finder Window Buttons • In a window, three buttons (green, red, and yellow) in the top-left corner help manage how the window is viewed. Macintosh OS X

  28. Navigating in a Finder Window • Like surfing the Web, you can use a window’s Back button to return to a previous page. • There are also several viewing mode to see each window. Macintosh OS X

  29. View Window as Icons • The Icon View shows the folders, file names or applications as a designated icon. Macintosh OS X

  30. Arranging Icons Automatically • The View menu allows you to see the icons on the Desktop “by Name.” Macintosh OS X

  31. Sliding Sheets • OS X presents dialog boxes to you in sheets. • You will often see sheets appear as you work. • Sheets appear any time you are asked to select an option. Macintosh OS X

  32. Scroll Bars • Scroll bars are important when unseen items in a folder need to be viewed. • Scroll bars help you view contents of a window that may not fit on the desktop. Macintosh OS X

  33. Files and Folders • The File>New Folder has the option of creating new folders. • Click the cursor in a folder name to rename the folder. • Folders may be nested inside of other folders. Macintosh OS X

  34. Navigating through Folders • Nested folders can be accessed by clicking on the folder name in the Title Bar while pressing the Command key. Macintosh OS X

  35. Aliases • File>Make Alias assigns an alias to folders, files and applications . • Regardless of where the original object resides, it can be opened by its alias. Macintosh OS X

  36. Using an Alias • An alias can be duplicated many times, and each copy points to the original. • An alias can be trashed without harming the original. If the original is a folder, it will not harm the contents. • An alias can be renamed. This does not affect its connection to the original file. Macintosh OS X

  37. Alias Guidelines • If an alias’original has been moved, it can be tracked by selecting the alias and choosing File>Show Original. • Any item with an icon can have an alias. • You can put items into a folder by dragging the items on top of its alias (if one has been made). Macintosh OS X

  38. Finder Preferences • You can alter the way in which icons are displayed from the Finder Preferences dialog box. Macintosh OS X

  39. Mac Help • Mac Help is stored on your internal hard disk when the Mac OS X is installed. • Mac Help references all the functions of the Mac OS X system. Macintosh OS X

  40. Help Tags • Help Tags appear when there is more info to be seen. • You’ll find help tags only in certain places and situations • Other Help Tags are found called Tool Tips. Macintosh OS X

  41. CPUs and Memory • CPUis short for Central Processing Unit. The CPU is your computer's virtual "brain." • The amount of memory that's built into a computer determines two factors: - How many tasks the computer can perform at once - How fast certain functions execute. Macintosh OS X

  42. Memory • Memory is like a honeycomb. Each cell on the grid represents one byte. • A byte is enough space to store one character. Macintosh OS X

  43. RAM Memory • RAM memory (Random Access Memory) is only active when the computer is operating. • RAM memory is temporary. • Anything stored in RAM is lost when the system is powered down. Macintosh OS X

  44. Hard Disk Storage • The most fundamental computer storage is the internal hard disk. • The hard disk provides permanenet storage space. Macintosh OS X

  45. Chapter 3 The Dock Macintosh OS X

  46. Understanding the Dock • The control strip and launcher of OS 9 have been replaced by the Dock. To access these settings, click the System Preferences icon on the Dock. • The Dock is split by a thin white line. All applications are located to the left of the Dock. • All other files are on the right side of the Dock. Macintosh OS X

  47. Opening a File From the Dock • Access a more detailed menu in the Dock by clicking on an item and pressing and holding the mouse button. Macintosh OS X

  48. Adding Items to the Dock • You can place any application, folder or movies in the Dock for fast access by dragging their icons to the Dock. Macintosh OS X

  49. Removing a Dock Item • To remove an item, drag the icon out of the Dock. You’ll be rewarded with an animated puff of smoke! • Items removed from the Dock are only aliases. The puff of smoke means they are gone. The original is safe. Macintosh OS X

  50. Knowing Which Applications are Open • Whenever you open an application, a small black triangle appears beneath the icon of that app on the Dock. • If you press Command-Tab, the icons of any open applications in the Dock will cycle from one to the other. • Release both keys when you reach the application you want to work in. Macintosh OS X