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Show how studying actual gambling behavior rather than self-reports provides insight into ... gambling is not as common among Internet sports bettors as the conventional wisdom ...

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Integrity Internet Sports Gambling

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integrity internet sports gambling

Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S.

Integrity & Internet Sports Gambling
  • European Gaming and Betting Association
  • European Parliament
  • Brussels, Belgium

February 17, 2009

  • bwin Interactive Entertainment, AG
  • The National Center for Responsible Gaming
  • The Las Vegas Sand Corporation
  • Iowa Department of Public Health
  • Nevada Department of Public Health
  • Missouri Port Authority
  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
  • National Institute on Mental Health
  • National Institute on Drug Abuse
  • Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling
  • Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
  • University of Nevada, Las Vegas
  • Richard LaBrie
  • Debi LaPlante
  • Sarah Nelson
  • Anja Schumann
  • Ziming Xuan
  • John Kleschinsky
  • Allyson Pellar
  • Leslie Bosworth
  • Ingrid Maurice
  • Sara Kaplan
  • Gabriel Caro
  • Chris Reilly
  • Chrissy Thurmond
  • Review the meaning of INTEGRITY
  • Show how studying actual gambling behavior rather than self-reports provides insight into whether Internet gambling compromises integrity
  • Consider some of the findings from our Internet-based research
oversimplifying integrity three primary types
Oversimplifying Integrity:Three Primary Types
  • Self-integration - integrating parts of an individual or group into a harmonious whole
  • Individual or group identity - consistency of commitment
  • Representing personal virtue or moral purpose – holding these virtues limit the set of commitment options for an individual or group
integrity the internet
Integrity & the Internet

The Internet has integrity when:

  • Technological components have consistency of design & function (integration)
  • You get what you pay for without deception (honest commerce)
  • Internet use will not compromise the public health
  • What people do on the Internet reflects their individual commitments, motivations, & objectives
internet gambling might challenge internet integrity
Internet Gambling Might Challenge Internet Integrity

Population challenge

  • Some observers have suggested that gambling will compromise the integrity of society, in general, and families, in particular

Individual challenge

  • Some researchers have suggested that the Internet, in general, and Internet gambling, in particular, will compromise the integrity of Internet users and Internet gamblers by encouraging disordered gambling
population challenge speculating about exposure
“…current data shows that when gambling activities are legalized, economies will be plagued with 100% to 550% increases in the numbers of addicted gamblers (probably within one to five years, but almost certainly within fifteen years).”

John Warren Kindt

The Economic Aspects of Legalized Gambling Activities, Drake Law Review, 43, 1994, p.59.

Population Challenge:Speculating About Exposure
evidence about the population challenge
Evidence about the Population Challenge
  • Prevalence of gambling disorders has been relatively stable during the past 35 years, despite dramatic increases in the growth of gambling exposure and access.
  • In the United States, the rate of serious gambling disorders was 0.7% during the middle 1970s. Today researchers estimate the rate to be about 0.6%.
penelope fitzgerald british author
Penelope Fitzgerald(British author)

“If they don’t depend on true evidence, scientists are no better than gossips.”

Herbert Flowerdew to Fred Fairly, in The Gate of Angels, ch. 3 (1990).


Internet Gambling Evidence Before 2007:

No Studies of Actual Internet Gambling Behavior


Internet Gambling Evidence After 2007:

Studies of Actual Internet Gambling Behavior Begin to Appear

internet gambling
Internet Gambling
  • Division on Addictions
  • Collaborative
self and corporate deposit limits
Self and Corporate Deposit Limits
  • Corporate Deposit Limits
    • Only 0.3% attempted to exceed deposit limits
      • These subscribers evidenced higher average number of bets per active betting day and higher average size of bets
    • Notification did not curtail betting behavior
  • Self-imposed Deposit Limits
  • 1.2% exercised the self-limit option for deposits
  • These subscribers played a wider variety of games and placed more bets
  • After imposing self-limits, fixed odds gambling changed. Players
  • reduced their active betting days
  • reduced the number of bets they made per day
  • reduced the amount they wagered during specific time periods
account closers who report having gambling problems
Account Closers Who Report Having Gambling Problems
results summary
Results Summary

As gamblers approached their respective closure time, they…

  • had increasing monetary loss per bet
  • increased their stake per bet
  • bet shorter odds per bet
  • made fewer bets per day
  • We don’t know how much disposable income these bettors had available
  • Therefore, it is not possible to calibrate the social harms that these losses might have caused

Despite the caveat about discretionary funds, the results suggest that problem gambling is not as common among Internet sports bettors as the conventional wisdom suggested before we examined actual gambling behavior.

thanks internet resources
Thanks & Internet Resources