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Consumer Health - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Home Medical Tests. Self-Treatment of Chronic Diseases. Organizations ... Home Medical Tests. Began in early 1990s. Tests include. Hepatitis C, cholesterol, illegal ...

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Presentation Transcript
self care
Self-Care
  • Purposes of Self-Care
  • Health Promotion
  • Self-Diagnosis
  • Home Medical Tests
  • Self-Treatment of Chronic Diseases
  • Organizations
  • Self-Help Publications
  • Self-Help Groups
purposes of self care
Purposes of Self-Care
  • Improve wellness / health status
  • Reduce risk factor
  • Prevent illness or injury
  • Diagnose/assess symptoms/signs of illness
  • Reduce pain, discomfort, disability
  • Develop advocacy skills
purposes of self care4
Purposes of Self-Care
  • For the patient, improve
    • health, satisfaction, and loyalty to health care providers and plans and, at the same time,
    • reduce use of services and lower costs
home medical tests
Home Medical Tests
  • Began in early 1990s
  • Tests include
    • Hepatitis C, cholesterol, illegal drugs, and, of course, pregnancy, HIV, blood pressure
  • Benefits
    • Reduces office visits
    • Personal sense of control
  • Need FDA approval
organizations
Organizations
  • Scope of Self-Care Instruction
    • Lifestyle modification/health promotion
    • Chronic illness conditions
    • Health-care consumer information
    • Acute illness conditions
    • Physical examination skills
    • Dental health skills
    • Alternative therapies
self help publications
Self-Help Publications
  • Report on Self-Care Manuals
  • For the patient, improve
    • health, satisfaction, and loyalty to health care providers and plans and, at the same time,
    • reduce use of services and lower costs
self help publications8
Self-Help Publications
  • Assessment of Effectiveness
    • Use
    • Knowledge
    • Behavior Change
    • Health Care System Use
      • Some projects found that manual distribution reduced utilization but others did not find that
self help groups
Mental Health

Weight Loss

Addiction Recover

Bereavement

Diabetes

Cancer

Caregiver

Groups for the Elderly

Cancer

Chronic Illness

Self-Help Groups
self help groups10
Self-Help Groups
  • Effectiveness
  • Finding
    • American Self-Help Clearinghouse
summary
Summary
  • Purposes of Self-Care
  • Health Promotion
  • Self-Diagnosis
  • Home Medical Tests
  • Self-Treatment of Chronic Diseases
  • Organizations
  • Self-Help Publications
  • Self-Help Groups
purposes of self care12
Purposes of Self-Care
  • Control of own life
  • Realization of exposure to health risks
  • Medical costs rising
    • May lower cost with fewer MD visits
  • Advertising encourages self-care
  • Inability of health agencies to serve
  • Dissatisfaction with medical care