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Windows XP Home and Pro. A crash course on an operating system. Table of Contents. Introduction System Requirements Stability Compatibility User Friendliness Popularity Costs & Licensing Product Activation Advantages and Disadvantages - a Summary. Introduction. What is Windows XP?

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Windows XPHome and Pro

A crash course on an operating system.

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Table of Contents

  • Introduction

  • System Requirements

  • Stability

  • Compatibility

  • User Friendliness

  • Popularity

  • Costs & Licensing

  • Product Activation

  • Advantages and Disadvantages - a Summary

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  • What is Windows XP?

  • What does the “XP” stand for?

  • What are the feature differences between Pro & Home?

  • What are the differences between Windows 2000 and Windows XP Pro?

  • Is there an XP Server?

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Better, Stronger, Faster

  • Based on the NT/2000 Kernel

  • Driver verification

  • System restore

  • Improved DLL management

  • Better memory management

  • Application crash will not take

    down the OS

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Kernel Stability

  • Enhancements to the kernel at the core of XP are significant because the kernel provides low-level operating system functions, including thread scheduling, interrupt and exception dispatching, multiprocessor synchronization, and set of routines and basic objects used by the rest of the operating system to implement higher-level constructs

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Kernel Stability

Specific Improvements

  • Registry – Larger registries, limited by disk space. Improved algorithms for faster queries

  • Support Enhancements – New “quit and detach” command for debugging without killing the application

  • I/O Subsystem – New I/O interfaces for performance enhancements

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Kernel Stability

Specific Improvements (continued…)

  • Memory Management – Logical pre-fetch to improve boot and logon performance, enhanced terminal server support

  • Power Management – New support for processor performance control for longer mobile PC battery life.

    (Hibernate, Standby)

  • Improved Boot and Logon – Boot data saved, used to pre-fetch on later boots

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Kernel Stability

Specific Improvements (Continued…)

  • Headless Support – for remote administration

  • ccNUMA support – provides better performance for Cache Coherent Non Uniform Memory Architecture computers

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  • Often due to incompatible device drivers

  • Hardware compatibility list and advisor

  • Digital driver signing

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  • Clean install functions better than upgrade

  • Often problem with older system programs

    • Virus scanners, disk utilities

  • XP offers compatibility mode for Win95/98 programs

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Windows XP Home Features

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  • Software Installation: Faster start-up times and often eliminates requirement for rebooting after new software installation

  • Luna interface: provides more visual effects (like fade-in) and a 3D feel (Luna = code name for the Windows XP “look”) – option to select an older interface from the Start Menu

  • Windows Update: Windows Update provides new device drivers and application compatibility fixes. Windows Updates can be applied to all users on a computer at one time. The Device Manager will also search Windows Update for new drivers when you insert a new device.

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  • Setup Wizard: An easy to understand tutorial walks you through the installation process for the operating system, prompting you when necessary to enter information that will customize your PC.

  • Personalized Welcome Screen: The welcome screen can be personalized for multiple users during setup or using the Control Panel. Each individual can create their own unique account with the option of password protection.

  • Fast User Switching: This allows users to switch accounts without having to close each other's applications.

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  • Desktop Clean Up Wizard: Periodically checks your desktop and gives you the opportunity to move your unused shortcuts.

  • Taskbar Grouping: Open files are grouped according to the type of application they are—keeping your taskbar clean and organized.

  • Start Menu: The primary way to access files, folders, and programs on your computer. Access to important and frequently used tasks and applications is made easier with a Frequently Used Programs list and prominent positioning of your most critical folders.

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  • File Management: Enhanced thumbnail views and organization: view files in alphabetical groups, by file type, size, or date modified.

  • Task-Focused Dynamic Menu:Allows you to view the options associated with your current task. e.g. while creating a Microsoft Word document, a dynamic menu appears that lists the appropriate tasks such as cut, paste, and copy for the Word document.Common tasks that were hard to find in previous versions of Windows are exposed for easy access.

  • Search Companion: A search companion identifies what kind of help you need and retrieves search information relevant to the task at hand.

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  • Compatibility Mode: Tricks software into thinking that it is operating on another O/S (Windows 95, 98/Me, NT 4 or 2000)

  • Files and Settings Wizard: Enables the convenient transfer of files, documents, and settings from one computer to another.

  • System Restore: In the event of a problem, you can restore a PC to a previous state without losing personal data files. System Restore actively monitors system file changes to record or store previous versions before the changes occurred. System restore is not a substitute for Backup as it cannot work when a hard drive is lost.

  • Device Driver Rollback: When certain classes of new device drivers are installed, a copy of the previously installed driver is maintained. It can then be reinstalled if problems occur with the new driver.

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  • Help and Support Center: Allows you to search across multiple information sources such as your OEM home page, Microsoft Knowledge Base, etc. and has also integrated the concept of "Favorites" into the Help subsystem, so you can easily find important passages.

  • Incident Submission:You can automatically submit a report over the Internet on an issue you are encountering so that Microsoft can work on developing a software fix for it. When it's ready, a Microsoft support engineer will contact you.

  • Remote Assistance: Through an Internet connection, a trusted friend or support professional also running Windows XP can chat with you, observe your working screen, and, with your permission, remotely control your computer.

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  • Windows Messenger: The easy way to communicate with your friends, family, and colleagues in real time. Choose text, voice, and video and experience high quality online voice and video quality.

  • Home Networking:

    • Set up a home network, including physical connections such as for printers or faxes, installing protocols and bridging.

    • Share an Internet connection with all computers on a network.

    • Share resources on a computer.

    • The Internet Connection Firewall helps to protect your home network from unauthorized access while you're connected to the Internet.

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  • Auto-Recognition: If you insert a CD, ZIP or JAZ disk, or compact flash card, Windows will automatically recognize it and launch the corresponding application.

  • My Music: Enables you to quickly view a list of music files in a folder and perform basic management tasks such as retrieving, adding, sorting, and deleting music files.

  • Windows Media Player: Enables DVD playback, native CD burning, and the ability to export video to portable devices.

  • CD Burning: Saving critical information to a CD is as easy as saving to a floppy disk or hard disk. By selecting a folder of software, photos, or even music and dragging it to the CD-R device icon, you can create your own CDs.

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  • My Pictures: Enables you to quickly view a list of photos in a folder and perform basic management tasks like adding, sorting, and deleting picture files. In addition:

    • Order photo prints directly from the Internet

    • Link to Scanner and Camera Wizard for fast access

    • Look at images sequentially in a large, easy-to-view size

    • Publish pictures to the Internet using Web Publishing Wizard

    • Compress pictures for easier e-mail distribution

    • Optimize printing your pictures to make the best use of high-quality photo paper

  • Windows Movie Maker: Just plug your analog or digital camera into your PC to get started. Easily capture, edit, organize, and share home movies; add music, narration, and title cards. Once you're done, e-mail or post your video to a Web site to share with friends and family.

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Windows XP Professional Features

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  • Includes all XP Home features plus…

  • Remote Desktop: Allows users to access all of their data and applications housed on their work desktop from another computer running Windows 95 or later that is connected to their machine via a network.

  • Easier Remote Access Configuration Wizards: Guide users through the steps for setting up remote access to a network or virtual private network (VPN).

  • Synchronization Manager: After working with files and folders offline, the changes will be automatically replicated back to the network, ensuring the latest version is always available.

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  • Hibernate: After a set period of time, or on demand, memory will be saved to disk and the power shut down. When power is restored, all the applications are reopened exactly as they were left, minimizing downtime.

  • Improved Power Management: By intelligently monitoring CPU state, Windows XP Professional can reduce the amount of power it is using. The operating system will provide more accurate data on the amount of power left, preventing the system from shutting down prematurely. Also, by allowing for the system to wake up as the battery nears a drained state, the computer can be put into hibernation, and save work in progress.

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  • Hot Docking: Lets you dock or undock your notebook computer without changing hardware configuration or rebooting.

  • Network Location Awareness: Provides an underlying service that allows the operating system and applications to determine when a machine has changed network locations.

  • Internet Connection Sharing (ICS):Small business owners can connect their computer systems to the Internet with a single Internet connection, resulting in potential savings in ISP and hardware costs.

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Most Popular Windows Distribution

  • Microsoft Windows controls approximately 90% to 96% of the total desktop market share

  • 45% to 51% of total market share is taken up by Windows XP

  • This percentage will increase as older computers are replaced or the OS is upgraded

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Operating Systems Used to Access Google

Dec. 2002 November 2003 June 2004

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What is a Software License?

  • Allows you to use the software but includes ongoing requirements of how the software can be used.

  • EULA (End User License Agreement) – either comes in the box with new software or pops up on the screen when new software is installed. Usually, you must agree with the license before installation proceeds.

  • PUR (Product Use Rights) – applies to software licensed through a Microsoft Volume Licensing Program

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Licensing Options

  • Full Packaged Product – boxed software that is bought from a retail outlet

  • Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) – software that is installed on your computer before you purchase it

  • Volume Licensing – the flexible and economical way of acquiring multiple (5+) licenses; includes benefits such as monetary savings, ease of deployment, flexible acquisition, multiple payment options, and other benefits such as Software Assurance.

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Software Assurance

  • Allows for easier budgeting by spreading payments annually over up to three years

  • Offers training and support for employees

  • Allows you to use tomorrow’s technology at today’s prices through updates of licensed software

  • Employees can obtain a licensed copy of Microsoft office to install on a home computer

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Choosing a Volume Licensing Option

  • Fewer than 250 computers:

    • Open License Value: for a minimum of 5 computers with Software Assurance and the ability to spread payments annually

    • Open License Volume: for a minimum of 500 points in a single pool*, this license can provide potential savings

    • Open License Business: for an initial purchase of 5 licenses

      * Pool refers to a group of software based upon functionality: applications, systems and servers.

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Choosing a Software License (cont’d)

  • More than 250 Computers:

    • Select License: for mixed software and acquisition requirements. There is a volume price level for each software pool selected based on a three-year use. At the end of the agreement, the customer can continue to use all software licensed through this program.

    • Enterprise Agreement: use software based upon MS enterprise products (MS Office Pro, MS Windows Pro, and Core Client Access License – includes MS Windows Server, MS Exchange Server, MS Systems Management Server, and MS SharePoint Portal Server). At the end of the agreement, the customer can continue to use all software licensed through this program.

    • Enterprise Subscription Agreement: use software based upon MS enterprise products for a three-year term. At the end of the agreement, users must either renew the agreement or uninstall all software.

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School Agreement License

  • Annual subscription that keeps k-12 schools up to date on technology while keeping a limited budget.

  • All computers in the school are licensed at the same time, avoiding the need to keep track of multiple license expiry dates.

  • Throughout the subscription term, the license covers all latest versions of licensed software and provides upgrades automatically for all licensed software.

  • One annual payment allows for easy budgeting.

  • Cost of software ownership is reduced, access to current technology increases and Software Assurance includes support resources, tools and e-Learning courses.

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  • Requires the licensing of 300 units minimum

    • Each software product for a single desktop computer has a unit value of 1

    • Server products range in unit value from 15-200 units each

      Total = # desktop x # desktop + # server x # servers

      Units products computers products

    • License is available for 12 months. After that time, the agreement must either be renewed, a Buy-out option must be initiated, or all software must be removed from the computers.

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Product Activation

  • Can it be bypassed?

  • What happens if I don’t activate Windows XP?

  • How many hardware changes can I make before I have to reactivate Windows XP?

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Advantages and Disadvantages – A Summary


  • Stability – Windows XP is built on the NT kernel which is why it is so stable

  • Easy Installation – upgrade or fresh installations

  • Aesthetically Pleasing GUI

  • Built-in Functionality

  • Generally More User Friendly

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Advantages and Disadvantages – A Summary


  • Compatibility Issues – Older hardware and software may not be used with

    Windows XP

  • Product Activation – May become an

    issue with frequent hardware/software changes