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SUMMER (WARM SEASON) VEGETABLES - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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SUMMER (WARM SEASON) VEGETABLES. Summer or warm season vegetables need: sunshine (long hot days) warm soil warm air In order to: grow and mature develop sugar develop flavor. For warm season vegetables, cold temperatures mean: no germination no flowers

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Summer or warm season vegetables need:

sunshine (long hot days)

warm soil

warm air

In order to:

grow and mature

develop sugar

develop flavor

slide3
For warm season vegetables, cold temperatures mean:

no germination

no flowers

slow growth

no fruit

no flavor

what is in season
What is in season?
  • Lima Beans
  • Okra
  • Peppers
  • Summer Squash
  • Tomatoes
  • Corn
  • Cucumbers
  • Eggplant
  • Green beans
  • Jimaca
slide6
CORN
  • Varieties

Yellow Black

White Red

Blue Baby

Multi-colored

    • New varieties are extra sweet.
  • Sugar converts to starch after harvesting.
slide7

BLACK CORN-PERU

RED CORN

ANCIENT CORN

MULTI-COLORED

BLUE CORN

WHITE CORN

slide8
CORN
  • Cooking
    • Boiling – 3 to 5 minutes
    • Roasting
    • Grilling
    • Baking
  • Commonly eaten on

the cob in US.

slide9
CORN
  • CULTURE
    • Mexico – 7,000 YEARS OLD
    • Thai – corn ice cream
    • Hispanic – masa, tamales, arepas, tortillas
    • US southern – corn meal, corn bread, corn fritters
    • New England – corn chowder, corn pudding
    • Italy (north) - Polenta
  • Animal fodder
slide10

MAYAN CORN MASK

INDIAN CORN

slide14

ARMENIAN CUCUMBER

JAPANESE CUCMBER

slide15

WHITE CUCUMBERS

ENGLISH (BURPLESS) CUCUMBERS

PICKLING CUCUMBERS

cucumbers16
CUCUMBERS
  • Native to India
  • Commonly eaten raw – can be cooked
  • Peeled or unpeeled
  • 3 Basic Types
    • Slicing or Salad
    • Pickling
    • Gherkins
cucumbers17
CUCUMBERS
  • Commercial – wax coating
  • Shriveled ends = old
  • Bitter taste – growing conditions
  • Larger cukes = more seeds
  • Remove seeds & gel
    • More digestible for some
    • Prevents watering down dish
snap green beans
SNAP/GREEN BEANS
  • Varieties
    • Edible pod beans
      • Snap
        • Green
        • Purple
          • turn green

when cooked

snap beans
SNAP BEANS
  • Golden
  • Wax
    • Look waxy
    • Don’ taste it
snap beans21
SNAP BEANS
  • Romano
    • Italian
    • Thicker,flatter
  • Haricot Vert
    • Filet beans
    • Pencil-thin
peppers
Varities

Sweet

Bell

Pimiento

Banana

Italian

Hot

Chile

Jalapeno

Serrano

Tabasco

Cayenne

Hungarian Wax

PEPPERS
slide27
Capsaicin

Heat

Veins and seeds

Not the walls

Scoville Heat Units

Measure of heat

Jalapeno

2,500 to 4,000

Tabasco

60,000 to 80,000

Color not a factor

slide29
OKRA
  • Varieties
    • Green
    • Red
    • White
slide30
OKRA

OKRA FLOWER HIBISCUS FLOWER

slide31
OKRA
  • Large pods are tough
  • Does not store well
    • Toughens
    • Loses color
  • Came from Africa on slave ships.
  • Called “Lady Fingers”
slide32
OKRA
  • Usually served hot
  • Sticky juice – cooked
  • Acts as thickener
  • Described as
    • Slimy
    • Ropy
slide33
OKRA
  • Popular in:
    • India
    • Africa
    • Caribbean
    • Southern US
      • Cajun
      • Creole

Sti

slide34
OKRA
  • Cooking
    • Boil
    • Braise
    • Steam
    • Saute
    • Microwave
    • Fry
      • Southern US – dipped in cornmeal
tomatoes36
TOMATOES
  • Varieties
    • Over 500
    • Wide range of shapes, sizes, colors
  • 3 Categories
    • Cherry Tomatoes
    • Round/Slicing Tomatoes
    • Plum/Paste Tomatoes
tomatoes38
TOMATOES
  • Heirloom
    • Old, non hybrid varieties
  • Hybrid
    • A cross between 2 genetically different plants
  • Specialty
    • Different or unusual – might be a heirloom or a hybrid
tomatoes40
TOMATOES
  • Never refrigerate tomatoes – flavor loss
    • Exceptions: extreme heat, over ripe
  • Ripen in a brown bag out of sunlight
  • Vitamin A content determined by color
    • Orange – most
    • Red and yellow
    • White – the least
  • Nutrients in the gel around

the seeds

tomatoes41
TOMATOES
  • Native to South America
  • Believed poisonous until 1700’s
  • In the top 5 favorite vegetables in US
  • Each American eats 20 lbs. of fresh tomatoes annually, plus 70 lbs. of processed-ketchup, salsa, BBQ sauce
  • Not a vegetable – a fruit
  • Lycopene & beta carotene give red tomatoes their color
tomatoes42
TOMATOES
  • Southern US favorite
    • Fried Green Tomatoes
eggplant44
EGGPLANT
  • Varieties
    • Color
      • Purple-black
      • Green
      • Pink
      • White
      • Yellow
      • Orange
eggplant45
EGGPLANT
  • Shapes
    • Oval
    • Oblong
    • Round
slide46

TURKISH EGGPLANT

CHINESE EGGPLANT

VIETNAMESE EGGPLANT

slide47

AFRICAN EGGPLANT

ROSA BIANCA – ITALIAN EGGPLANT

AMERICAN EGGPLANT

INDIAN EGGPLANT

eggplant49
EGGPLANT
  • Name
    • Early fruit small, white, round
  • Culture
    • India or maybe China
    • Eggplant Parmigiana – Italy
    • Caponata – Italy
    • Ratatouille – France
    • Moussaka – Greece
    • Baba Ghanoush – Middle East
eggplant50
EGGPLANT
  • Cooking
    • Never eaten raw
    • Cook thoroughly
    • Spongy texture
      • Soaks up oil
    • Cook quickly-hot pan
    • Salt and press prior to cooking
      • May remove bitterness
eggplant51
EGGPLANT
  • Limited storage
  • Dull color, brown spots=old
  • Peeling
    • Depends on the recipe
    • Depends on the eggplant
      • older & tougher - yes
  • Discolors when cut
    • Oxidizes
      • lemon juice, water
summer squash55
SUMMER SQUASH
  • Varieties
    • Chayote
    • Crook-necked
    • Scalloped/Pattypan
      • Green, yellow, white
    • Straight
      • Green, yellow
        • Zucchini
    • Round
      • Sunburst
summer squash56
SUMMER SQUASH
  • Summer and Winter Squash
    • Both grown in summer
    • Summer is immature
    • Winter is mature
      • Harvested in fall
      • Hardened rind
summer squash57
SUMMER SQUASH
  • Small are best – no longer than 8 inches
  • Round squash – no larger than 4” dia.
  • Larger squash = more and larger seeds
  • 95% water
  • Absorbs other flavors
  • Do not peel
  • Eat raw or cooked
  • Flowers are edible
summer squash58
SUMMER SQUASH
  • Cooking
    • DO NOT OVERCOOK!
      • Steam
      • Sauté
      • Grill
      • Bake
      • Microwave
      • Stuff