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SUMMER (WARM SEASON) VEGETABLES. Summer or warm season vegetables need: sunshine (long hot days) warm soil warm air In order to: grow and mature develop sugar develop flavor. For warm season vegetables, cold temperatures mean: no germination no flowers

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SUMMER (WARM SEASON) VEGETABLES


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    1. SUMMER(WARM SEASON) VEGETABLES

    2. Summer or warm season vegetables need: sunshine (long hot days) warm soil warm air In order to: grow and mature develop sugar develop flavor

    3. For warm season vegetables, cold temperatures mean: no germination no flowers slow growth no fruit no flavor

    4. What is in season? • Lima Beans • Okra • Peppers • Summer Squash • Tomatoes • Corn • Cucumbers • Eggplant • Green beans • Jimaca

    5. CORN

    6. CORN • Varieties Yellow Black White Red Blue Baby Multi-colored • New varieties are extra sweet. • Sugar converts to starch after harvesting.

    7. BLACK CORN-PERU RED CORN ANCIENT CORN MULTI-COLORED BLUE CORN WHITE CORN

    8. CORN • Cooking • Boiling – 3 to 5 minutes • Roasting • Grilling • Baking • Commonly eaten on the cob in US.

    9. CORN • CULTURE • Mexico – 7,000 YEARS OLD • Thai – corn ice cream • Hispanic – masa, tamales, arepas, tortillas • US southern – corn meal, corn bread, corn fritters • New England – corn chowder, corn pudding • Italy (north) - Polenta • Animal fodder

    10. MAYAN CORN MASK INDIAN CORN

    11. EVERYBODY LOVES CORN

    12. CUCUMBERS

    13. LEMON CUCUMBERS

    14. ARMENIAN CUCUMBER JAPANESE CUCMBER

    15. WHITE CUCUMBERS ENGLISH (BURPLESS) CUCUMBERS PICKLING CUCUMBERS

    16. CUCUMBERS • Native to India • Commonly eaten raw – can be cooked • Peeled or unpeeled • 3 Basic Types • Slicing or Salad • Pickling • Gherkins

    17. CUCUMBERS • Commercial – wax coating • Shriveled ends = old • Bitter taste – growing conditions • Larger cukes = more seeds • Remove seeds & gel • More digestible for some • Prevents watering down dish

    18. SNAP BEANS(GREEN BEANS)

    19. SNAP/GREEN BEANS • Varieties • Edible pod beans • Snap • Green • Purple • turn green when cooked

    20. SNAP BEANS • Golden • Wax • Look waxy • Don’ taste it

    21. SNAP BEANS • Romano • Italian • Thicker,flatter • Haricot Vert • Filet beans • Pencil-thin

    22. PEPPERS(CHILES)

    23. Varities Sweet Bell Pimiento Banana Italian Hot Chile Jalapeno Serrano Tabasco Cayenne Hungarian Wax PEPPERS

    24. Capsaicin Heat Veins and seeds Not the walls Scoville Heat Units Measure of heat Jalapeno 2,500 to 4,000 Tabasco 60,000 to 80,000 Color not a factor

    25. OKRA

    26. OKRA • Varieties • Green • Red • White

    27. OKRA OKRA FLOWER HIBISCUS FLOWER

    28. OKRA • Large pods are tough • Does not store well • Toughens • Loses color • Came from Africa on slave ships. • Called “Lady Fingers”

    29. OKRA • Usually served hot • Sticky juice – cooked • Acts as thickener • Described as • Slimy • Ropy

    30. OKRA • Popular in: • India • Africa • Caribbean • Southern US • Cajun • Creole Sti

    31. OKRA • Cooking • Boil • Braise • Steam • Saute • Microwave • Fry • Southern US – dipped in cornmeal

    32. TOMATOES

    33. TOMATOES • Varieties • Over 500 • Wide range of shapes, sizes, colors • 3 Categories • Cherry Tomatoes • Round/Slicing Tomatoes • Plum/Paste Tomatoes

    34. TOMATOES • Heirloom • Old, non hybrid varieties • Hybrid • A cross between 2 genetically different plants • Specialty • Different or unusual – might be a heirloom or a hybrid

    35. TOMATOES • Never refrigerate tomatoes – flavor loss • Exceptions: extreme heat, over ripe • Ripen in a brown bag out of sunlight • Vitamin A content determined by color • Orange – most • Red and yellow • White – the least • Nutrients in the gel around the seeds

    36. TOMATOES • Native to South America • Believed poisonous until 1700’s • In the top 5 favorite vegetables in US • Each American eats 20 lbs. of fresh tomatoes annually, plus 70 lbs. of processed-ketchup, salsa, BBQ sauce • Not a vegetable – a fruit • Lycopene & beta carotene give red tomatoes their color

    37. TOMATOES • Southern US favorite • Fried Green Tomatoes

    38. EGGPLANT

    39. EGGPLANT • Varieties • Color • Purple-black • Green • Pink • White • Yellow • Orange

    40. EGGPLANT • Shapes • Oval • Oblong • Round

    41. TURKISH EGGPLANT CHINESE EGGPLANT VIETNAMESE EGGPLANT

    42. AFRICAN EGGPLANT ROSA BIANCA – ITALIAN EGGPLANT AMERICAN EGGPLANT INDIAN EGGPLANT

    43. THAI EGGPLANT

    44. EGGPLANT • Name • Early fruit small, white, round • Culture • India or maybe China • Eggplant Parmigiana – Italy • Caponata – Italy • Ratatouille – France • Moussaka – Greece • Baba Ghanoush – Middle East

    45. EGGPLANT • Cooking • Never eaten raw • Cook thoroughly • Spongy texture • Soaks up oil • Cook quickly-hot pan • Salt and press prior to cooking • May remove bitterness