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Some Environmental Issues & Business Opportunities in Indian Industry S.Padmanaban, USAID US-INDIA BUSINESS SUMMIT Industry Breakout Session – Environment November 30, 2006 Mumbai History of USAID/India’s Energy/Environment Programs

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Some Environmental Issues & Business Opportunities in Indian IndustryS.Padmanaban, USAIDUS-INDIA BUSINESS SUMMITIndustry Breakout Session – EnvironmentNovember 30, 2006Mumbai
history of usaid india s energy environment programs
History of USAID/India’s Energy/Environment Programs
  • 1960s/70s: construction of 15 thermal power plants and several hydro projects.
  • 1980s: moved on to science and technology development in the eighties.
  • 1990s: focused on privatization and technology commercialization in the early nineties.
  • 1998: GHG emissions reductions in the energy sector - main focus since the sanctions.
  • Today: electricity distribution reform, water-energy, methane-to- markets, municipal services
key programs in environment energy
KEY PROGRAMS IN ENVIRONMENT & ENERGY
  • ENERGY EFFICIENCY
  • CLEAN COAL
  • WATER- ENERGY NEXUS
  • POWER DISTRIBUTION
  • DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
  • SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT
1 industrial hazardous waste management
1. Industrial & Hazardous Waste Management
  • Major issues in India
    • 30 million tons of waste generated apart from fly ash (2003 data)
      • 8 million tons of hazardous waste
  • Key issues
    • Lack of secure landfills and Treatment, storage and disposal facility (TSDF)
      • Only 11 TSDFs in India
    • Lack of incineration facilities
    • Lack of waste handling and management systems
industrial hazardous management
Industrial & Hazardous Management
  • Opportunities
    • Technical assistance in designing & operation of landfills
    • Technologies for waste minimization and recycling & related services

Hazardous waste disposal industry in the industry sector is worth about $200 million

energy efficiency market assessment industrial sector investment opportunity 10 billion
Energy Efficiency Market Assessment – Industrial SectorInvestment Opportunity: $ 10 billion

H

M

L

L M H

3 utilisation of wastes in cement plants
3. Utilisation of wastes in cement plants
  • Waste utilisation in cement plants in India
    • Almost nil – except fly ash and gypsum
  • US/Japan and European Cement plants
    • Use 80% of waste as fuel
    • 450 kg of waste is used as raw material for production of one ton of Cement production in Japan
  • Tremendous potential in India
    • Waste utilization technology
    • Waste processing equipment
  • Key requirement
    • Suitable legislation for waste processing in Cement industry

Indian cement plants can absorb 14 million tons of hazardous waste /year

4 air pollution
4. Air pollution
  • Air pollution
    • Major issue in India
  • Potential opportunities
    • Nox/Sox control systems
    • VOC control technologies in chemical plants and automobile industry
    • Reducing respirable suspended particular matter in several industries
    • General dust control systems
    • Other technologies for gas (H2S, C2S, Acid fumes) emission control
5 water pollution and treatment
5. Water pollution and treatment
  • Non availability of water to industry in India
  • Water pollution
    • Industrial water pollution
      • Only 60% industrial effluents of large & medium scale industries are treated (PCB Data)
    • Municipal water pollution
      • 25% water in metro municipalities treated and less than 5% reused
      • Other municipalities and towns very little or no treatment
  • Potential opportunities
    • Water treatment technologies for industries and municipality
      • Membrane technologies / bio reactors
water pollution and treatment
Water pollution and treatment..
  • Potential Opportunities..
    • Technologies for recycling of water and zero discharge options in industry / municipality
    • Bio – gas generation through anaerobic treatment of municipal / industrial waste water
    • Technologies for handling membrane waste water
    • Water saving devices and equipment
6 service providers for utility heat rate improvements
6.Service Providers for Utility Heat Rate Improvements
  • EE & R&M in Indian coal-fired utilities
  • Private Sector Services to include:
    • - Advanced diagonistics
    • - Energy audit services
    • - Environmental monitoring
    • - Low carbon options
    • - O&M services

Funding: Proposed IBRD funding: $ 120 million loan + $ 45 million GEF grant

Targeted Capacities for EE&RM: 650 MW

7 opportunities in building sector
7. Opportunities in Building Sector
  • Construction contributing 10% to National GDP (500 Billion USD)
    • Growth rate 9.2% vis-à-vis 5.5 % Global average
  • Sectors to watch for
    • IT / IT Enabled Services
    • Commercial buildings
    • Infrastructure (Airports, Roads, etc.,)
    • Residential
availability of green materials
Availability Of Green Materials
  • Green materials are not readily available
    • Certified wood
    • Waterless urinals
    • High albedo materials
    • High recycled content materials
    • High performance glass
    • Low VOC materials
  • Testing and certification facilities not Available
    • Eg., Cooling towers, Chillers

Issues

Possible Solution

  • Solutions sought
    • Incubation of Green Building materials
    • Display in GBC Technology Centre
  • Type testing for equipment
  • Green Building materials Meet
  • Green Building Congress
success stories in india
High Albedo material
    • Unheard in 2001
    • Two major players established
      • Thermosheild
      • Advance Coating systems
Success Stories in India
  • Waterless urinals
    • 2001 – Awareness Nil
    • 2005 – Three major players (EID Parry, Hindware, Falcon have the major market share)
success stories in india16
Success Stories in India
  • CRI Certified carpets
    • 2001 – Awareness nil
    • 2005 – Interface, Milliken, Shaw carpets
opportunities
Opportunities
  • New Services
    • III Party Commissioning
    • Energy simulation
    • LEED Facilitation services
  • LEED-India (to be launched shortly)
  • Materials & Equipment
    • Composting toilets
    • Waterless urinals
    • Low VOC adhesives & sealants
    • CRI certified carpets
    • FSC Certified wood
    • High albedo roofing material
    • BIPV
    • CTI certified cooling towers
    • Living machines, etc.,.

Green building products – 350 Million USD by 2012

energy efficiency in the indian cement industry
Energy Efficiency in the Indian Cement Industry
  • Wide range in energy intensity in Indian cement industry
  • Some of the most efficient plants in the world are in India
  • - Only 5% are inefficient wet kilns (vs. 18% in the U.S.)
  • Energy savings and emission reduction possible through:
    • Improved energy efficiency
    • Increased blending of cement
    • Use of alternative fuels
    • Waste heat power generation

Source: Sathaye et al. (2005)

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