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Sheep and Goat Overview. An expanding industry in Kentucky Goats growing faster than sheep Partially due to increased ethnic groups in larger cities (Bowling Green*) and Hispanic workers Markets are developing

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sheep and goat overview
Sheep and Goat Overview
  • An expanding industry in Kentucky
  • Goats growing faster than sheep
  • Partially due to increased ethnic groups in larger cities (Bowling Green*) and Hispanic workers
  • Markets are developing

* There are 26 languages spoken at home as the primary language in the BG schoolsystem.

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Sheep and Goat Overview
  • Goats are either meat producers or milkers (dairy goats)
  • In KY many years have had mixed breed goats to browse rough land and wooded areas.
sheep and goat overview3
Sheep and Goat Overview
  • Most KY goats are meat goats
  • Dairy goat milk made into cheese, some used for children allergic to milk
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Sheep and Goat Overview
  • More goats in world than cattle
  • Sheep used for meat in U.S. but some parts of world sheep are milked
  • In U.S. wool is a byproduct
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Sheep and Goat Overview

Black face sheep are most common

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Sheep have become popular as 4-H and FFA show animals

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Crossbred breeds are popular in commercial production

“South Suffolks”

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Sheep and Goat Overview

“Suffolk” show lamb

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Goats are increasing in numbers, this is a wild goat of Australia

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Goats can have special wool that is very valuable

“Angora”

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Boer goats are the fastest growing meat goat breed

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Pygmy goats are sometimes kept for pets

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Dairy goats are found in certain areas of the U.S. where goat cheese is popular

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Sheep and goats are short day breeders

Females cycle when day length is short as November, December

Gestation takes about 150 days

Multiple births are common 2 or 3

Newborn goats are called kids

Newborn sheep are called lambs

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Kids and lambs nurse their mother which has to teats

Mothers eat forage and sometimes grain

Kids and lambs are weaned (removed from their mother) at 3-4 months of age or earlier

Kids and lambs may be fed grain or grazed

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Male kids and lambs which are grown for meat are castrated and called “wethers”

Meat goats are marketed at 70-90 pounds,

Price is about $1.25 per pound live weight

Replacement females are grown on passture and will kid or lamb the first time at about a year of age

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Sheep and Goat Overview
  • Health concerns of sheep and goats
  • internal parasites – regular deworming is required
  • bacterial diseases – regular vacciantion is required
  • viral diseases - vaccinate
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Sheep and Goat Overview

Breeding males are called Bucks if they are goats and Rams if they are sheep

Breeding females are called Does or Nannies if the are goats and Ewes if they are sheep

Females are bred by natural service

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Goats and sheep prefer forage from bushes, trees and weeds rather than pasture forage (grass and clover)

Sheep and cattle work well on the same pasture

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Sheep and Goat Overview

Goats and sheep offer small farmers an opportunity to own livestock even if they only have a few acres of land