Psychology 101 introduction to psychology
Download
1 / 38

Psychology 101: Introduction to Psychology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 488 Views
  • Updated On :

Psychology 101: Introduction to Psychology. What is Psychology?. Psychology. Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Introduction to Psychology is a survey of this field Topics to be explored include: Research methods used in Psychology Learning & Memory

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Psychology 101: Introduction to Psychology' - KeelyKia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Psychology 101 introduction to psychology l.jpg

Psychology 101:Introduction to Psychology



Psychology l.jpg
Psychology

  • Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes

  • Introduction to Psychology is a survey of this field

    • Topics to be explored include:

      • Research methods used in Psychology

      • Learning & Memory

      • Language & Intelligence

      • Sensation & Perception

      • Development

      • Personality

      • Social behavior

      • Abnormal behavior


Psychology4 l.jpg
Psychology

  • Psychology examines both human and animal behavior

  • This course will focus on human behavior, but will also examine animal behavior in a variety of topics


What to expect in psych 101 l.jpg
What to expect in Psych 101

  • Classes will include lectures, films, discussions and activities

    • Each class will move quickly - come prepared!

      • Do all assigned reading before class

      • Test yourself with the review quizzes found throughout the text

      • As you read, make a few notes summarizing the reading in your own words


What to expect in psych 1016 l.jpg
What to expect in Psych 101

  • You are responsible for all material

    • Some material will be covered in both the reading and lecture

    • Some lectures will include new material not in the text

    • Some material will only be presented in the readings

      • Therefore - it is important for you to attend class AND keep up with the reading!


Course goals l.jpg
Course goals

  • Learning about psychology - the science of our mental processes and behavior - is different from experiencing psychology in the real world!

    • In this course, you will develop a knowledge base about psychology, along with the skills to apply that knowledge to your own real-world experiences


Course goals8 l.jpg
Course goals

  • You will

    • Acquire knowledge about psychology as a scientific study

    • Learn about psychology actively through experience and interactions

    • Expand your skills in critical thinking

    • Develop the skills to recognize and utilize psychological concepts in your every-day experience


Requirements l.jpg
Requirements

  • If you will miss a class for any reason

    • You are responsible for all information missed

    • Do NOT ask the teaching staff if you missed anything in class. The answer is YES.

      • Get the information you need from another student in the class

    • Do NOT ask for permission to miss class, leave early, or arrive late

      • You are responsible for yourself


Requirements10 l.jpg
Requirements

  • Check your email at least once per day

    • Important information will be communicated via email

      • Being aware of this information is part of being prepared for class

  • Check the course website regularly

    • Notes, handouts and other materials will be posted there


Requirements11 l.jpg
Requirements

  • Professional classroom behavior

    • Paying attention to the instructor AND your classmates’ questions

    • No cell phones/texting

    • All laptop computers are to be used in the last 2-3 rows only

    • If you are distracting other students in any way, you will be asked to leave.

  • Professional correspondence

    • Address the recipient

    • Use proper English

    • Sign your email

    • Understand that you are not anonymous


Tests l.jpg
Tests

  • 5 midterms and a cumulative final

    • No make-up tests or finals given early

      • If you have taken all 5 midterms, you are exempt from the final

      • If you missed a midterm, you must take the final

      • If you took all 5 midterms and want to take the final, your lowest test grade will be dropped

    • It is your right and responsibility to decide when and why a test might be missed

  • Do NOT contact me regarding a missed test


Tests13 l.jpg
Tests

  • Tests will cover material from lecture, reading and activities

    • You are responsible for all material

  • To study for tests

    • Review your class notes and your notes on the reading

    • Use the materials on the text’s companion website for further review

    • Use the quizzes on the text’s companion website to practice for our in-class exams


The science of psychology l.jpg
The science of psychology

  • Psychology is the scientific study of behavior and mental processes

    • Behavior - observable, measurable states and actions

    • Mental processes - subjective states

    • Science - objective approach to answer questions


Roots of psychology l.jpg
Roots of psychology

  • Greek philosophers

    • Plato

      • Nativism

      • Rationalism

    • Aristotle

      • Empiricism

        • Tabula rasa

        • Modern learning theory


Roots of psychology16 l.jpg
Roots of psychology

  • Renaissance philosophers

    • Descartes

      • Early modern rationalism

    • Locke

      • Early modern empiricist


Roots of psychology17 l.jpg
Roots of psychology

  • Philosophy meets biology

    • Early studies of the nervous system lead to the discovery of the interaction between the brain and behavior

      • Galvani

      • Muller


Roots of psychology18 l.jpg
Roots of psychology

  • Charles Darwin

    • Theory of evolution

      • Advantageous variations will improve the chances of passing along genes to the next generation

      • Deleterious variations will decrease the chances of passing along genes to the next generation

    • Theory originally focused on physical traits, but has been applied to behavioral traits as well

      • Evolutionary psychology


Roots of psychology19 l.jpg
Roots of psychology

  • Pavlov

    • Pioneered the study of learning after his discovery of classical conditioning

  • Freud

    • Proposed a seminal theory on the origins of personality


Origins of modern psychology l.jpg
Origins of modern psychology

  • Experimental psychology

    • Wilhelm Wundt - “father of psychology”

      • Tested human experience of sensations and perceptions

      • “Introspection”


Origins of modern psychology21 l.jpg
Origins of modern psychology

  • Behaviorism

    • Replaced experimental psychology in the 1920s

    • John Watson

      • Study of observable behaviors and outcomes

    • B.F. Skinner

      • Significant contributions to behaviorism and learning theory with studies of animal behavior


Origins of modern psychology22 l.jpg
Origins of modern psychology

  • Humanistic psychology

    • 1960s - response to the clinical approach of psychoanalytic psychology

    • Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow

      • Focused on an individual’s need for safety, support, love and fulfillment


Origins of modern psychology23 l.jpg
Origins of modern psychology

  • Cognitive psychology

    • Response to the mechanistic approach of behaviorism

    • Jean Piaget

      • Studied the cognitive and intellectual development of children

    • Many other modern psychologists have contributed to the field with work on perception, learning, memory, language and many other mental processes


Current perspectives in psychology l.jpg
Current perspectives in psychology

  • Psychodynamic perspective

    • How unconscious drives and conflicts determine the adult mind and behavior


Current perspectives in psychology25 l.jpg
Current perspectives in psychology

  • Biological perspective

    • How the nervous system directs, and is influenced by, behavior.

    • Also considers the role of genetics and evolution in the development of brain and behavior.


Current perspectives in psychology26 l.jpg
Current perspectives in psychology

  • Behaviorism/Learning perspective

    • How the individual responds to the environment and learns observable responses


Current perspectives in psychology27 l.jpg
Current perspectives in psychology

  • Cognitive perspective

    • The mental processes involved in encoding, processing, storing and retrieving information


Current perspectives in psychology28 l.jpg
Current perspectives in psychology

  • Sociocultural perspective

    • How behavior and mental processes vary across situations, environments, cultures and time


Current perspectives in psychology29 l.jpg
Current perspectives in psychology

  • These perspectives are not strictly separated

    • Most of the study of psychology draws from a few or more of these perspectives in order to reach fully-informed, well-considered conclusions


Levels of analysis l.jpg
Levels of analysis

  • Three main levels of analysis are used together to consider the origins of a given behavior or mental process

    • Biological influences

    • Psychological influences

    • Sociocultural influences


Levels of analysis31 l.jpg
Levels of analysis

  • Biological influences

    • genetic

    • natural selection

    • gene/environment interactions

    • structural/chemical/endocrine


Levels of analysis32 l.jpg
Levels of analysis

  • Psychological influences

    • learned responses

    • innate emotional responses

    • cognitive processing and perceptions


Levels of analysis33 l.jpg
Levels of analysis

  • Socio-cultural influences

    • presence of others

    • cultural, societal, family expectations

    • peer and other group influences

    • compelling environmental forces


Levels of analysis34 l.jpg
Levels of analysis

  • The interaction between these loci of analysis can explain a behavior or mental process much better than just one perspective could!

    • More perspectives drawn from

    • More details included

    • More questions raised to be answered


What do psychologists do l.jpg
What do psychologists do?

  • Research

    • Biological or Physiological – studies the connections between the brain/nervous system and behavior/mental processes

    • Developmental – studies the various changes that occur between birth and death


What do psychologists do36 l.jpg
What do psychologists do?

  • Research

    • Cognitive – studies mental processes, such as perception, learning, thinking and language

    • Personality – studies the similarities, differences, stability and change in human traits

    • Social – studies interactions between individuals and groups, and how these interactions affect those involved


What do psychologists do37 l.jpg
What do psychologists do?

  • Applied psychology

    • Clinical psychologist – assesses, diagnoses and treats people with psychological disorders

    • Counseling psychologist – works with people to help them cope with and overcome social, emotional and psychological challenges


What do psychologists do38 l.jpg
What do psychologists do?

  • Applied psychology

    • Educational psychologist – works with students in school settings

    • Industrial/organizational psychologist – studies and consults on behavior and environment in the workplace