Hyper Cholesterolemia. Neel Ganguly Mr. Schnieder’s science class Period 5 October 22, 2001. What is Hyper Cholesterolemia.
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Mr. Schnieder’s science class
October 22, 2001
Hypercholesterolemia is a high level of cholesterol in the blood that can cause plaque to form and build up leading to blockages in the arteries (arteriosclerosis), increasing the risk for heart attack, stroke, circulation problems, and death.
A history or physical exam and other tests to check certain medical conditions (such as diabetes, thyroid or kidney problems) that may raise cholesterol levels are usually the first steps in evaluating whether a person has risk factors for heart disease. To measure cholesterol, HDL, and triglyceride levels, a fasting blood test is used. This means you do not eat or drink anything except water for 12 hours before the test.
Standard nonpharmacological therapy mostly consists of adjusting to eating and exercise habits.
lowers the LDL cholesterol level by about 30 mg/dL.
Diet minimizes extra cholesterol and fat intake, especially saturated fat.
Weight Loss, even if losing 5-10lbs. of weight can double the reduction in LDL levels achieved through a diet. Weight loss can be achieved by decreasing your calorie intake and increasing exercise.
Statins lower LDL cholesterol levels by 20%-40%. If someone takes maximum doses, they lower LDL levels by 40%-50%. They get a benefit of increasing the amount of HDL ("good") cholesterol level in the body by about 5%-10%.
There are two rare but possible side effects connected with these statin medications. The first, mild irritation of the liver, can be detected by simple blood tests (liver function tests, or LFTs)The second very rare side effect is muscle irritation, soreness, pain, and weakness.Treatment for Hyper Cholesterolemia