Historical architectural designs
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Historical Architectural Designs. Developed for the Champaign County Early American History Museum By Zachary D. Cain AHTC Summer Fellowship 2005. Historical Architectural Designs.

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Historical Architectural Designs

Developed for the Champaign County Early American History Museum

By Zachary D. Cain

AHTC Summer Fellowship 2005

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Historical Architectural Designs

  • The following PowerPoint presentation is designed as a general introduction to six different types of architectural designs. Using your Historical Architectural Designs Graphic Organizer, your group will choose one type of design to become experts on. After completing your graphic organizer, you will then report out to the other groups, as well as take notes on the other designs presented by the other expert groups.

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  • Historical Background: Italianate houses have been described as rectangular buildings with brackets dripping from their eaves. Also typical of the style are arched and bay windows, with lintels or window hoods. This style is based on the urban mansions of Italian merchant princes and the bracketed designs of rural Italian farmhouses. The Italianate style was extremely popular between 1840 and 1880.

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  • Large brackets supporting wide eaves.

  • Bay or arched windows.

  • A tower or cupola.

  • Rectangular in shape.

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Queen Anne

Historic Background: Queen Anne style houses fit into the ornamental Victorian category, and typically incorporate a tower, a wrap-around porch, and an asymmetrical roofline of gables and hips. Windows are of every shape and size. The exterior often includes a mix of fishscale, shingles, gingerbread, and spindles. The Queen Anne style was very popular between 1880 and 1900.

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Queen Anne


  • Wrap around porch (often with a gazebo attached at one side).

  • A tower or turret.

  • Windows of many different shapes and sizes.

  • Various different exterior patterns such as fishscale shingles and gingerbread.

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Gabled Ell

Historical Background: The gabled ell has a distinctive “L” shape, which creates a front gable and a side gable. The Gabled Ell was a common house style from about 1880 to 1910. They could be quite simple or very decorative, which created houses with various stylistic elements such as bracketing, fishscale shingling, gingerbread, and Queen Anne style windows with stained glass.

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Gabled Ell


  • “L” shaped with a front and side gable.

  • Decorative features include bracketing, fishscale shingling, gingerbread, and Queen Anne style windows with stained glass.

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Colonial Revival

Historical Background: This type of design describes homes that try to copy the architecture of early colonial America. They are usually two stories in size with clapboard exteriors and ornamental shutters next to the windows. Instead of a front porch, Colonial Revival homes usually have a side porch that is known as a sun parlor. There have been different waves of popularity for this type of design, particularly during the centennial celebration of 1876, and the bicentennial celebration of 1976.

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Colonial Revival

  • Features:

  • Usually two stories in size.

  • Hip roof.

  • Sun parlor instead of a porch.

  • Clapboard siding with ornamental shutters.

  • Entrance hood over the front door.

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Historical Background: The bungalow style house was first developed in California during the 1910s and was popular into the 1930s. This type of design is usually one or one and a half stories tall, with a wide, deep front porch that is supported by thick, square columns of brick or stone. Most bungalows had wide eaves and a central dormer that used triangular supports known as knee braces.

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  • Features:

  • Usually one or one and a half stories tall.

  • Wide, deep front porch supported by brick or stone columns.

  • Wide eaves supported by knee braces.

  • Often had a central dormer.

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American Foursquare

Historical Background: This type of design gets its name because the square shape of the two story house created four equal-sized rooms on each floor. The foursquare was usually two stories tall with a wide hipped roof with a central dormer. A porch usually spanned the entire front of the home, and the exterior was typically covered in clapboards. Windows were often grouped in pairs, and a bay window was commonly found on one side of the house.

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American Foursquare

  • Features:

  • Usually two stories tall.

  • Hipped roof with a central dormer.

  • Porch that spans the entire front of the house.

  • Exterior is usually clapboard.

  • Windows grouped in pairs with a bay window projecting from one side of the house.