Greek City-States Chapter 5. World History and Geography Mr. Holguin. The coasts became very important to Greek development. Mountains and short rivers made it difficult for cities to unite. Greek was vulnerable to invasion from the north and from the seas. . Greek Geography.
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World History and Geography
Mountains and short rivers made it difficult for cities to unite.
Greek was vulnerable to invasion from the north and from the seas.Greek Geography
Many became sailors and traders because of the poor Greek soil.Early Greeks
They kept records in a written language known as linear B.Mycenaeans 1600 BC – 1200 BC
Acropolis- a hill that most city-state’s fort was built on.
Agora- a marketplace where people traded and met.City-States of Greece
Their religion: explained nature, emotions, and brought good or bad luck.Government and Society
Oracles- Special places where one could talk to the messenger of the gods.
Olympic Games- were held to honor ZeusReligion
Hoplites- Heavily armored soldiers who brought an end to aristocratic forces.
Popular government, Democracy- The idea that people should rule over themselves.Government 101
Half-citizens- freemen who had no political power.
Helots- slaves of the Spartan people, they worked for the City-state.THIS IS SPARTA!
Metics- born elsewhere, but were free. They could not own land.
Slaves- Captured after war, treated as property.Athens
Solon settled debts for the poor and ended slavery as payment for debt.
Peisistratus- ruled over Athens as a tyrant.Athenian Government
Battle of Thermopylae- 300 Spartans fought to their deaths against the massive forces of Xerxes and the Persians.The Persian Wars 500 BC
The Delian League was formed with Athens at the lead to unite the city-states from any more invasion.The Delian League
A standardized system of weights and measurements was established.
He forced many more city states to join the Delian League.Age of Pericles
Sparta had a stronger army, but Athens had a superior navy.
With the help of allied city states, Sparta starved Athens and won the war.Peloponnesian War 461 BC