100 likes | 216 Views
Enviro Health Project
E N D
Hurricane Awareness & Preparedness Program in Pensacola, Florida Sarah Kaitlin Jordan Northern Illinois University
Public Health Concern • Lack of Hurricane Awareness & Preparedness program in Pensacola, Florida. • Those unaware and unprepared have a greater risk of being affected by… • Contaminated food and water supply • Drowning • Fires • E Coli. & other bacteria • Wounds • Debris • Carbon Monoxide poisoning • Crowded living conditions (TB, Influenza, etc.) • Mental Health issues • Lack of access to medical services & medication • Other natural disasters (Posid, n.d.)
Problem Statement • Pensacola, FL is a city that is home to multiple military bases including: Pensacola NAS, Hurlburt Field, and Whiting NAS. With that being said, many people are constantly moving to and from the area. Alot of these families have never lived on the coast and are not educated about the public health risks associated with hurricanes. • The current system does not make contact with every household.
Purpose • Preventative approach • Important to inform citizens of the risks associated with hurricanes as well as how to prepare for them.
Quantitative Evaluation (Brunkard, Namulanda, & Ratard, 2008; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014)
Previous Interventions • Hurricane Block Party • Good idea in theory, but details were not made available to everyone • Cost effective because businesses and vendors volunteer to benefit community
Quantitative Data • “Snowbird” issue • 49% of Katrina victims were 75 years old and older (Brunkard, Namulanda, & Ratard, 2008) • Heat exposure • Like Louisiana, Florida is known for having record-breaking temperatures in the summer and fall months. • Drowning • In New Orleans and New York / New Jersey, many elderly people drowned in their homes because they were trapped.
Suggested Decision • Propose that health department mail out brochures to every household (annually prior to hurricane season) with general information regarding hurricanes. • Brochure to contain information such as when hurricane season begins and ends, what residents should have in and around their homes before a hurricane (hurricane kit), when and where to evacuate, and emergency contact information for use during hurricane, etc.
Expected Outcomes • Decrease in environmental health issues related to contaminated food and water supply drowning, fires, E Coli. & other bacteria, wounds, debris, carbon monoxide poisoning, TB, influenza, mental health issues, and lack of access to medical services & medication • Citizens of Pensacola more prepared for future hurricanes.
References • Brunkard, J., Namulanda, G., & Ratard, R. (2008, August 28). Hurricane Katrina Deaths, Louisiana, 2005. Retrieved from http://www.dhh.state.la.us/assets/docs/katrina/deceasedreports/KatrinaDeaths_082008.pdf • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014). Be Safe After a Hurricane. Retrieved from http://emergency.cdc.gov/disasters/hurricanes/be-safe-after.asp • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2014, May 24). Deaths Associated with Hurricane Sandy — October–November 2012. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6220a1.htm • Posid, J. (n.d.). Infectious Disease Issues Associated With Hurricane Katrina (HK). Retrieved from https://depts.washington.edu/einet/symposium/USA031210.pdf