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Women In Computing. Past Present Future. Women in Computing Part One Past Notable Women. Shanti D. Taylor. Ada Byron, Lady Lovelace. Ada Byron was born December 10, 1815 in London, England

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Women InComputing

PastPresent Future

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Women in ComputingPart One Past Notable Women

Shanti D. Taylor

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Ada Byron, Lady Lovelace

  • Ada Byron was born December 10, 1815 in London, England

  • Ada’s education was learned through a woman who taught her. Mary Somerville a remarkable woman who translated Laplace’s works into English, and whose texts were used at Cambridge.

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Ada Byron- Scientist

  • Ada published her first article in 1843, in the article her predictions that a machine such as the analytical engine might be used to compose complex music, to produce graphics and would be used for both practical and scientific use, and she was correct.

  • Ada suggested to Babbage about writing a plan for how the engine might calculate Bernoulli numbers. This plan is now regarded as the first “computer program”.

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Ada Byron, Lady Lovelace

  • The United States Department of Defense honored Ada Lovelace by naming a programming language, Ada, after her in 1977. Ada is an object- oriented programming language that is popular in Europe for communication purposes.

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Edith Clarke

  • Edith Clarke was born in 1883, in Howard County, Maryland

  • Edith went to Vassar College to study Mathematics and Astronomy and graduated in 1908 with honors. In 1911, Edith enrolled as a civil engineering student at the University of Wisconsin. In 1918 she enrolled in the EE Program at MIT; earning her MSC degree (the first degree ever awarded by the department to a woman) in June 1919.

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Edith Clarke

  • In 1919 Edith took a job as a computer for GE. In 1921 she filed a patent for a “graphical calculator” to be employed in solving electric power transmission line problems.

  • In 1923 Edith published her first paper, “Transmission Line Calculator” in General Electric Review.

  • In 1943 Edith published the first volume of her textbook, Circuit Analysis of AC Power System, which became a classic in the field.

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Edith Clarke

  • In 1947 Edith became the first female professor of engineering at the University of Texas when she accepted an electrical engineering professorship there.

  • In a March 14th, 1948 interview by the Daily Texan, Edith commented on the future prospect for women in engineering: “ There is no demand for women engineers, as such, as there for women doctors; but there’s always a demand for anyone who ca do a good piece of work.”

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Admiral Grace Hopper

  • Grace Hopper was born on December 9, 1906, in New York City

  • Grace went to Vassar College where she earned a B.A. in Math and Physics. Grace continued her studies at Yale, in 1930 she earned her M.A. and then in 1934 her P.H.D. in Mathematics.

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Admiral Grace Hopper

  • In 1943 she joined the United States Naval Reserve.

  • Grace was assigned to Harvard University where she worked on the first full scale digital computer, the Mark I. Mark I was used to calculate aiming angles for naval guns in a variety of weather conditions.

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Admiral Grace Hopper

  • Grace received the Naval Ordinance Development Award for her pioneering applications programming success on Mark I, Mark II and Mark III computers.

  • In 1952 Grace developed the first computer compiler for the Univac Computer. Initially it was called the B-O compiler and then later renamed Flow-Matic.

  • By 1956 Grace had reached her goal of “teaching” Univac I and II to recognize English statements.

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Admiral Grace Hopper

  • In 1959 Grace took her work one step further and invented the computer language COBOL, the first user friendly business software program. She worked hard to get this standardized and soon the Navy and others were using the language.

Ms. Hopper is known for having invented the term ”computer bug” after finding out a moth had been causing the computer’s problems.

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Alexandra Illmer Forsythe

  • Alexandra was born in 1918, in Palo Alto.

  • Alexandra went to Vassar where she earned her B.A. in Mathematics and when she went to graduate school that is where she became interested in computing.

  • Alexandra is best known for a series of several books on computing and computer science.

  • In the 1950’s Alexandra spent a lot of her time trying to get computers into schools in the Palos Altos area, where she was living.

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Alexandra Illmer Forsythe

  • Alexandra wrote the first computer science textbook.

  • In 1969, her first textbook written on computer science was called, Computer Science: A first course. Her second book was called Programming Language Structures.

  • Alexandra also became very interested in education, so she spent time teaching computer science at Utah University, Stanford University and at Cubberley and Gunn high Schools in Palo Alto.

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Evelyn Boyd Granville

  • Evelyn Boyd was born on May 1, 1924, in Washington D.C.

  • Evelyn went to Smith College and majored in mathematics and physics. She went to Yale University for graduate school. Evelyn earned an M.A. in mathematics and physics. And she also started working towards her doctorate at Yale.

  • Evelyn was one of the first African American women to earn a PH.D. In mathematics.

  • From 1956 to 1960, Evelyn worked for IBM on the project vanguard and project mercury space programs, analyzing orbits and developing computer procedures. Evelyn’s job included making real time calculations during satellite launchings.

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Evelyn Boyd Granville

  • Evelyn helped develop computer programs that were used for trajectory analysis in the mercury project and in the Apollo project.

  • Evelyn took a job at the computation and data reduction center of the U.S. Space technology laboratories, studying rocket trajectories and methods of orbit computation.

  • In 1962 Evelyn became a research specialist working on trajectory and orbit computation, numerical analysis, and digital computer techniques for the Apollo program.

  • And through the 1970’s -1980’s Evelyn became a teacher at many different colleges and elementary schools for mathematics and computers.

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Women in Computing Part TwoPresent Endeavors

Catalina Casillas

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Women in Computing Present EndeavorsConsists of Two Important Sections

Online Technical Sites…

Made for Women by Women

Profiles of Women in Computing…

Women who inspire

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Women in Technology International (WITI)

  • Founded by Carolyn Leighton in 1989

  • Its where professional working women working in all sectors of technology help and advice other women who want to pursue a career in technology

  • Women profile section that focuses on their accomplishments in technology and business

  • Produces a magazine called WITI SAVVY

  • The site also contains sections on Health, Personal Growth, Women, Career Development and technology

Online Technical Sites…

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Tech Divas

  • Publisher is Karan K. Eriksson

  • Profiles of women in computing

  • Articles on the latest technology trends and women health

  • Free Newsletter

  • Tech group section where it has links to other sites related to women in computing

Online Technical Sites…

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Girl Geeks

  • Founded by Kristine Hanna and Peter Crosby in 1998

  • Help women in all aspect of technology

  • Subscribe to their mailing list

  • Has section called inner Geek, Education, Technology, career and business

Online Technical Sites…

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Girl Tech

  • This site has tips on how to get young girls interested in Computer science

  • Has a list of websites that are for young girls who are interested in technology can go.

Online Technical Sites…

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The Center for Women and Information Technology

  • established at the University of Maryland Baltimore County (UMBC) in July 1998

  • To motivate women and girls to pursue a career in Information technology

  • Created CWIT Scholars Program, is a merit scholarship program for undergraduates majoring in computer science, computer engineering, information systems, or a related program at UMBC.

Online Technical Sites…

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Carmella Cassetta

  • From Waterbury, Conn.

  • Vice President of Technology for Barnes and Noble

  • Chief Technology Officer (CTO) of PrintNation

Profiles of Women in Computing…

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Carol Mills Baldwin

  • Born in Wisconsin, Baldwin was raised in a suburb of New York City

  • graduated from Smith College with a degree in economics

  • landed her first technology job as a software programmer in Bank of Boston

  • Cullinet Corporation, the first software company to go public

  • Hewlett-Packard, where she would work for 16 years as a general manager of HP's Enterprise Systems Division

  • CEO of Acta, an E-Business Infrastructure Company

  • Lesson she teaches is to make sure you get recognition for the hard work you do is key to moving ahead

Profiles of Women in Computing…

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Dawn Lapore

  • Born in San Francisco, but raised on the East Coast

  • Graduated from college with a degree in music.

  • Hired by Cincinnati Bell. She took the company test which showed that she had an aptitude for computer programming. She then took a class to learn about computers. She stayed with Cincinnati Bell for four years.

  • In 1993 she was promoted to Chief Information Officer (CIO) Charles Schwab

  • In 1996, she help developed a software that would allow different computer systems at Schwab to talk to one another called e.Schwab

Profiles of Women in Computing…

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Stephanie Winner

  • When she was in the eighth grade, MIT contacted Stephanie through a program designed to encourage women to study engineering

  • Designed computer chips for 3-D graphics in Apple Computer's Advanced Technology Group

Profiles of Women in Computing…

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Heidi Vam Arnem

  • Founder and CEO of iCan, an online community that provides power, information and services to the 54 million people living with disabilities in the U.S. today.

Profiles of Women in Computing…

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The Future of Women in Computing

Kimberly L. Bolanos

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Women in Computing

  • Born in modern times, free of the male dominance so common to other sciences and engineering, computer science should have become a model for gender equality.

  • In fact it started out that way, in the early 1980s, it had one of the highest proportions of female undergraduates in science and engineering. And yet with remarkable speed, it has become one of the least gender-balanced fields in American society.

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Women in Computing

A Globe review shows that the proportion of women among bachelor's degree recipients in computer science peaked at 37 percent in 1985 and then went on the decline. Now women comprise about 25 percent of computer science bachelor's degree recipients in the last few years.

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Women in Computing

There have been many heated debates about why there aren't more women in computer science. These focused largely on :

  • Discrimination

  • The conflicts between the time demands of the scientific career track and family life

  • And what Harvard University President Lawrence H. Summers famously dubbed ''intrinsic aptitude.“

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Women in Computing

Perhaps what is more important than these debates over why it has been so difficult getting women into the computer industry, is stressing the importance of doing so now, for the future of all people, both in and out of the field.

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Women in Computing

To that end, there are currently many research projects and online resources available that offer educators, parents, and mentors suggestions for encouraging female participation in computer science.

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Women in Computing

It is of great importance for us to find a means of encouraging computer interest at age appropriate levels.

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There has been a great deal of research conducted in ways to encourage:

  • Women in Colleges and Universities

  • Girls in primary and secondary schools

  • Girls at preschool level and infants

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The one thing everyone is in agreement on, encourage:

Is that people can make the biggest difference!!

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Find out what you can do to help encourage women/girls in computer science.

Start a girl’s computer club !

Be a mentor !

Be a tutor !

  • Give a demonstration !

  • Girl Scouts

  • Church Groups

  • School Open Houses

Start a website !

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Mothers, you have the most influence and therefore the most important role.

It’s never to early to prepare your daughters

for a career in the computer industry.