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Definition and delimitation of the Environmental Goods and Services Sector according to the 2009 Eurostat handbook. Expert Group meeting on International economic and social classifications United Nations Headquarters, New York 1-4 September 2009. Summary. Background

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slide1

Definition and delimitation of the Environmental Goods and Services Sector according to the 2009 Eurostat handbook

Expert Group meeting on International economic and social classifications

United Nations Headquarters, New York

1-4 September 2009

summary
Summary
  • Background
  • Definition and delimitation of EGSS according to the 2009 Eurostat handbook
    • Definition of EGSS and relationship with the scope of the satellite accounts on environmental expenditure
    • Delimitation of EGSS, definitions and classifications with specific reference to:
      • Environmental purposes
      • Products
      • Producers
    • Overview
  • Concluding remarks
need for an international handbook
Need for an international handbook

Background

  • Strong policy interest in measures targeted to the environmental goods and services sector
    • need to have good quality, comparable, coherent data on e.g. EGSS’ turn-over, value added, etc., while minimising the burden on national statistical offices
  • The international guidelines available - “The Environmental Goods & Services Industry. Manual for data collection and analysis” (OECD/Eurostat, 1999) – need to be improved
    • leave open a number of issues on the definition, classification and identification of the sector
    • do not deal with all operational aspects
    • are endorsed within the SEEA2003, which currently is undergoing a revision process with a view to becoming an international statistical standard
eurostat s initiative for developing the handbook
Eurostat’s initiative for developing the handbook

Background

  • In 2007 Eurostat launched an ad hoc Task Force for developing a handbook on the Environmental Goods and Services Sector - EGSS
  • The handbook was finalized and was approved in march 2009 by the Eurostat Working Group on Environmental Expenditure statistics
  • The approach developed by Eurostat was considered by the London Group and is taken into account for the on-going revision of the SEEA
the eurostat handbook
The Eurostat handbook

Background

  • Structure of the handbook:
    • Ch. 1 background information on EGSS
    • Ch. 2 definition, delimitation and classification of the sector
    • Ch. 3 guidelines to identify and classify the population
    • Ch. 4 methodologies for data collection, reporting and analysis
    • Ch. 5 Standard tables for data collection and process for their compilation
    • Ch. 6 Recommendations and examples on presentation and interpretation of figures
definition of egss
Definition of EGSS

Definition

  • The Environmental Goods and Services Sector consists of a heterogeneous set of producers of technologies, goods and services aimed at:
    • measuring, controlling, restoring, preventing, treating, minimising, investigating and sensitizing to environmental damages to air, water and soil as well as problems related to waste, noise, biodiversity and landscapes. That includes “cleaner” technologies, goods and services that prevent or minimise pollution.
    • measuring, controlling, restoring, preventing, minimising, investigating and sensitizing to resource depletion. That mainly results in resource-efficient technologies, goods and services that minimise the use of natural resources.
slide7

Supply side perspective: EGSS statistics and satellite environmental accounts

Definition

SUPPLY

USE

Environmental Goods and Services Sector

statistics

SEEA and SERIEE satellite accounts (EPEA+RUMEA)

EPEA

Environmental Protection Expenditure Account

Goods

Services

Goods

Services

Environmental protection

Environmental protection

RUMEA

Resource Use and Management Expend. Account

Goods

Services

Goods

Services

Resource use and managament

Resource use and management

defining and delimiting the egss
Defining and delimiting the EGSS

Definition and delimitation

EGSS is defined and delimited by answering three main questions

What does it mean “environmental”?

Environmental purposes covered

Which kind of environmental technologies, goods and services?

Products covered

Which kind of producers?

Producers covered

types of environmental purposes covered
Types of environmental purposes covered

Environmental purposes

  • EGSS includes the provision of environmental technologies, goods and services that respond to two types of environmental purposes:
    • Environmental Protection (EP): technologies and productssuitable for both preventive and remedial purposes, i.e. for the prevention, reduction, elimination and treatment of air emissions, waste and wastewater, soil and groundwater contamination, noise and vibration as well as radiation, the prevention, reduction and elimination of soil erosion and salinity as well as other kinds of degradation, the preservation of biodiversity and landscapes as well as the monitoring and control of the quality of the environmental media and waste
    • Resource Management (RM): technologies and products suitable for managing and/or conserving the stock of natural resources against depletion phenomena, including both preventive and restoration activities as well as the monitoring and control of the levels and uses of natural resource stocks.
  • remark 1: in both cases EGSS includes
    • Administative activities, education, training, information and communication activities
    • Research and development activities
  • remark 2:EGSS’ output is for every kind of use, i.e. intermediate and final consumption as well as gross capital formation
activities not included in egss
Activities not included in EGSS

Environmental purposes

  • Not included in EGSS:
    • Activities related to natural hazards and natural risk management (nevertheless, e.g. the protection of soil against erosion for reducing the risk of landslides and floods are included, given the primary aim of protecting the soil)
    • Extraction, exploitation and mobilisation of non-renewable resources (Resource Use - RU)
crema c lassification of re source m anagement a ctivities
CReMA (Classification of Resource Management Activities)

Classification

  • 10: Management of waters
  • 11: Management of forest resources
    • 11 A: Management of non-cultivated forest areas
    • 11 B: Minimisation of the intake of forest resources
  • 12: Management of wild flora and fauna
  • 13: Management of energy resources
    • 13 A: Production of energy from renewable sources
    • 13 B: Heat/Energy saving and management
    • 13 C: Minimisation of the intake of fossil resources as raw material for other use than energy production
  • 14: Management of minerals
  • 15: Research and development
  • 16: Other natural Resource Management activities
definition and delimitation of egss major achievements
Definition and delimitation of EGSS: major achievements

Concluding remarks

  • The EGSS concept according to the 2009 Eurostat handbook is consistent with the one developed within the 1999 OECD/Eurostat guidelines
  • As concerns definition and classification issues, the main “value added” of the 2009 Eurostat handbook is represented by having:
    • enhanced the consistency with the internationally agreed satellite accounting systems SEEA and SERIEE
    • provided an improved classification for resource management activities (less developed in the 1999 guidelines, leading to overlapping with CEPA)
    • clarified a number of issues left opened in the 1999 guidelines (e.g. concerning cleaner goods and technologies)
    • made the definition and delimitation of the sector more operational, by providing the users of the handbook with practical instructions
questions to the expert group
Questions to the Expert Group
  • What is your opinion on the criteria to delimitate the EGSS?