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Ásatrú and Odinism Historical Influences and Precursors Historical Precursors- Heathenism Pre-Christian Germanic Religion and Culture - Tribal - “Carl” or clan leader = civil and spiritual head of clan Religion integrated into daily life Vikings as farmers, hunters, and warriors

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satr and odinism

Ásatrú and Odinism

Historical Influences and Precursors

historical precursors heathenism
Historical Precursors- Heathenism
  • Pre-Christian Germanic Religion and Culture

- Tribal - “Carl” or clan leader = civil and spiritual head of clan

    • Religion integrated into daily life
    • Vikings as farmers, hunters, and warriors
  • Elder (poetic) and Younger (prose) Eddas
    • Tell stories of gods, goddesses, men, women, giants, dwarfs, warriors, farmers, etc. all interacting - role models for how to live, love, die in honour.
historical precursors heathenism3
Historical Precursors- Heathenism
  • Icelandic Sagas
    • Multi-generational family stories - very real details about the daily lives, religious practices, etc.

- Olaf Tryggvason

- Raud the Strong

- Queen Sigrid of Sweden

  • Snorri Sturlusson - compiled Eddas in 11th c., but stories predate this.
historical precursors odinism
Historical Precursors - Odinism
  • Social Turmoil in Germany
    • Wotan/Odin worship
    • Swastika = Thor’s hammer and wheel of sun
  • Alexander Rud Mills
    • The Odinist Religion: Overcoming Jewish Christianity (1930)
  • Else Christensen
    • The Odinist Fellowship (1971)
  • Racism/Racialism
historical precursors asatru
Historical Precursors - Asatru
  • Norse Mythology books - Kveldulf Gundarsson
  • The Broader Neo-Pagan Movement
  • “A Wind through the World Tree” 1972-1973
    • Stephen McNallen’s Viking Brotherhood (Ásatrú Free Assembly)
    • The Odhinnist Fellowship (John Yeowell)
    • Asatruarmenn (Svienbjörn Beinteinsson)
  • Icelandic Asatru
worldview
Worldview
  • Animistic and panentheistic
    • Nature filled with spirits, gods
    • Landsvaettir
    • Aesir/Vanir deities: gods in, and above, nature
    • Magic = asking for aid from spiritual sources
      • Seidhr (spirit possession)
      • Runes (spirit inspiration)
  • Nature Based
worldview7
Worldview
  • Multi-versal
  • Yggdrasil:
    • Asgard - home of aesir
    • Vanaheim - home of vanir
    • Ljossalfheim - light elves
    • Svartalfheim - dwarves
    • Midgard - our world
    • Muspellheim - fire giants
    • Joutunheim - chaos giants
    • Niefelheim - ice/fog world
    • Helheim - land of the dead
worldview8
Worldview
  • Cyclical
    • Ragnarok
      • Order vs chaos, cosmic battle in which universe is destroyed, then recreated
  • Yggdrasil - image of growth, destruction, renewal
  • Not reincarnation
ethics
Courage

Truth

Honour

Troth

Self-Discipline

Hospitality

Industriousness

Self-Reliance

Perseverance

Tribalist

Nine Noble Virtues

Hávamál (from poetic Edda)

Ethics
theology
Theology
  • Polytheistic
  • Aesir:
    • Odin - All father, wisdom, magic, war
    • Frigg - Silent One, marriage, family, fibre arts
    • Thor - the Thunderer. Order, strength, working class
    • Sif - the Golden, harvest, beauty
    • Loki - the Trickster
    • Tyr - the Skyfather - justice, loyalty, war
theology11
Theology
  • Vanir:
    • Njord - wind and sea, safe harbours
    • Skadi - the Huntress, war, hunting, independence
    • Freya - love, lust, war, magic, death
    • Freyr - the land, harvest, fertility
  • Supernatural Beings:
    • Landsvaettir
    • Disir
    • Valkyries
    • Norns
    • Wights, etc.
organization
Organization
  • Kindred
  • Hearths
  • Garths
  • Heathens
  • Gydhia/Godhi, Godhar
  • Elders
  • Godmen/Godwomen
  • Moots, Things, Althings
ritual tools
Ritual Tools
  • Bowl
  • Ring
  • Hammer
varieties of heathenism
Varieties of Heathenism
  • Odinism – The Odinic Rite
  • Folkish Ásatrú – Ásatrú Folk Assembly
  • Theodism - Winland Rice (Garman Lord Gering)
  • Ásatrú – Irminsul Aettir
    • Godhordh (community) model
  • General Germanic Paganism – The Troth
rituals
Rituals
  • Blots - a sacrifice to the gods and goddesses
  • Sumbels - “ale-gathering” - ritual toasting
rituals16
Rituals
  • Seidhr
  • Spirit possession
  • Seeress, Seidhkona, Völva
  • Guide
  • Hrafnar
rituals17
Rituals
  • Galdr
  • Making Taufr
  • Futhark Runes
rituals wheel of the year
Rituals – Wheel of the Year
  • Yule - (Dec. 21st “mothernight”-Jan.1)
  • Disting/Disablot (Jan 31-Feb. 1)
  • Ostara (March 21)
  • Maitag/Merry Moon (April 30-May 1)
  • Midsummer (June 21)
  • Loaf-Feast/Freyfaxi (July 31/Aug. 1)
  • Fallfest/Winter Finding (Sept. 21)
  • Dieses/Winternight (Fullmoon between 15th-30th October)