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DEPARTMENT OF HORTICULTURE. GOVERNMENT OF KARNATAKA. National Conference on Agriculture / Horticulture for RABI Campaign 2006. Department of Horticulture Bangalore-04. Horticulture a promising sector of the State. Area under Horticulture in the State 16.31lakhs ha.
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GOVERNMENT OF KARNATAKA
Department of Horticulture
Measures for improving Production and Productivity of Horticulture Produce
Present Scenario of Horticulture in Karnataka
Horticulture Crops Position in Karnataka.
Market Linkages in Karnataka
Horticultural Produces Co-operative Marketing Society (HOPCOMS) - To bridge the gap between produces and consumers, Department has established HOPCOMS in Bangalore and 17 district level co-operative societies.
KarnatakaState Horticultural Co-operative Federation (KHF) – Apex body as State level – involved in creating Post Harvest and export infrastructure with cold storage, refrigerated transport, pre-cooling units, export houses and integrated market information system.
Raithara Santhe- Aims for marketing fruits and vegetables directly from the growers to the consumers without any middlemen or commission agent. At present this is in action at Yelahanka town near Bangalore city.
Fruit market yard near Bangalore-The Department of Agriculture Marketing, a state government department opened a new market complex near Bangalore City exclusively for marketing of fruits.
Nurserymen Co-operative Society Ltd, Bangalore – For the marketing of different plants and seeds produced by farmers and nurserymen, this society is provides a good platform. This society is also have branches which is also helping farmers and the public to get their requirement of seeds, flower and aromatic plants and other Horticulture inputs. An assistance of 80 lakhs has been provided to this society for expansion and extension of its marketing activity to many other centres of Karnataka State.
Karnataka State Agricultural Produce Processing and Export Corporation Ltd, Bangalore (KAPPEC) – This agency is a farmer friendly and helps in export of many of the Agriculture and Horticulture crops and also promoting activities involved in export of different crops like providing Cold chain facilities, Storing facilities and also information regarding the crops and the varieties suitable for export. During 2005-06, this agency is also being assisted for a Special project taken up in Bijapur at an amount of Rs.93.75 lakhs.
2. DNA Finger Printing Laboratory: A well equipped DNA Finger Printing Laboratory has been established in Hulimavu Biotechnology centre in Department of Horticulture, Karnataka which has a facility for varietal identification through DNA Finger prints, Documentation of varieties by Molecular Markers, Detection of Somoclonal variations in Tissue Culture plants, Virus Identification / Disease Identification.
Wine Policy for the Karnataka State:
For the purpose of promotion of cultivation of wine varieties of grapes in the State, helping the wine industries to increase their production and to streamline the sales and trade of wines, the Department of Horticulture has drafted a wine policy for the State, and this policy is under the examination of the Government for its adoption.
Farm Policy for Horticulture Departmental Farms:
A large number of Farms and Nurseries developed by Department of Horticulture are not in a good shape and not serving the purpose for which they were established to the full extent. Hence to improve and put them into purposeful activities and modernize them an effective farm policy is being implemented and will be brought into action shortly.
It is also plans to bring Neera Policy for extracting Neera from Coconut Plants.
Suvarna Karnataka Garden Policy:
It is proposed to have a separate Garden Policy for the different parks and gardens located in different places of Karnataka State.
The main aim of this Bill is to regulate the quality of plants produced in the private nurseries and to control their trade. The Bill has been drafted and is under the examination of the Government.
Parks Preservation Act:
Act is in existence for prevention of construction of structures and buildings in the existing parks and gardens.
Oil Palm Act:
Government of Karnataka considering to bring an act for production procuring and processing of Oil palm fresh fruits through selected agencies by forming Oil palm act.
Agri Export Zones have been established for 4 crops namely Gherkins, Rose Onion, Flowers and Vanilla. Recently, MOU has been signed for establishment of Agri Export Zone for Vanilla crop also.
Improving production through Israeli Technology
A new Scheme is being implemented to increase production of vegetables in dry districts through Hi-tech Horticulture i.e by Israeli Technology to the cost of Rs. 10.00 crores in selected 10 backward taluks in dry tract of Karnataka.
Establishment of Model Floriculture Centers
The Department has already established 5 Model Floriculture Centers (MFCs) in Nagarur Horticulture Farm, Bangalore (R) District. Kannamangala Horticulture Farm, Bangalore (U) District. Indiranagar Horticulture Farm, at Bangalore, Pampavana, Munirabad, Koppal District.Navanagar Horticulture Farm, at Bagalkot.
The existing small flower auction center at KAIC complex, Hebbal, is being modified and upgraded with all the international standard facilities on par with the auction center at Alsmeer, Holland. The works are expected to complete by September 2006 and will be ready for inauguration. With this, it is expected that the hi-tech flower producers of Karnataka and in the neighboring states can sell their flowers competitively to the national and international buyers.
Export of hi-tech cut flowers:
The hi-tech flowers produced in Karnataka, mainly Roses, are being regularly exported to Holland, Japan, Singapore and other international markets. The big floriculture companies have created their own refrigerated transport facilities for carrying their flowers to the International Cargo Planes. The total turnover of these companies is about Rs.35 crores per annum.
This international flower trade show was organized at Kanteerava Indoor Stadium, Bangalore, in the month of June 2005. Many International and National Floricultural Companies were participated in this Expo. This provided a very good platform for the growers-sellers meet and exchange of ideas and requirements. Many floriculture companies and flower growers of Karnataka took the benefit of this flora-expo & presented the strength of Traditional Flowers.
Encouragement for Post Harvest Processing and Export:
For creating awareness about the importance of Organic products and also for providing platform for both consumers and the growers, a Organization called Jaivik Krushik Society has been established in Lalbagh, Bangalore. Under the Department of Horticulture. This Organization is started working from 2004-05 and is having a marketing outlet for procurement and sales of certified organic produce.
II. PHYSICAL AND FINANCIAL ACHIEVEMENTS UNDER DEVELOPMNET OF HORTICULTURE UNDER NEW MACRO MANAGEMENT MODE DURING 2005-06
PHYSICAL AND FINANCIAL ACHIEVEMENTS UNDER COCONUT DEVELOPMENT BOARD SCHEME DURING 2005-06
PHYSICAL AND FINANCIAL ACHIEVEMENTS UNDER OIL PALM DEVELOPMENT IN POTENTIAL STATES SCHEME DURING 2005-06
The progress achieved upto the end of July 2006 is Rs. 2130 lakhs out of the released amount of Rs. 4455 lakhs.
AIMS at Bringing more Horticulture area under Drip and Sprinkler Irrigation
The Micro Irrigation Scheme is implemented with the Government of India Assistance i.e. 40% from the GOI and 35% from the State Government and the remaining 25% is the beneficiary Contribution of Bank Loan.
Crops covered under Micro Irrigation
Arecanut, Banana, Coconut, Sapota, Grapes, Pomegranate, Mango, Vegetables, Rose and Jasmine.
An amount of Rs. 3584 lakhs was released at the fag end of the Financial year 2005-06 (March 2006). Hence progress could not be achieved. The progress at the end of August 2006 is 166.77 lakhs. For the year 2006-07, in addition to the Government of India funds to meet 35% of State share, Government of Karnataka has released 35.00 crores.
1. Under the Scheme for New Macro Management the progress achieved is almost to the targeted amount and there is a meager unspent balance for which revalidation has been requested.
2. In Development of Oil Palm in potential states a sum of Rs.95.77 lakhs was earmarked towards staff’s salaries and other allowances. The amount earmarked toward staff salaries could not be utilized fully as the posts were vacant. Hence, there is a shortfall in the achievement.
3. Under the Coconut Development Board Scheme, full progress has been achieved to the extent of funds released.
4. The National Horticulture Mission scheme was initially approved for 13 Southern Karnataka districts. As the Northern Karnataka districts were not selected there was opposition for the implementation of the scheme programmes. Hence, the scheme programmes could not be implemented. Revised action plan with the inclusion of the Northern Karnataka districts was received from GOI during the fag end of February and the implementation of the scheme programmes was started at the end the annual year 2005-06. The scheme programmes are now being implemented for achieving complete progress.
5. Micro Irrigation funds were released during the fag end of the year 2005-06 (March-2006). Hence progress could not be achieved.