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MoEYS Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport, Cambodia. HIV/AIDS in the Education Sector in Cambodia The 7th Meeting of WGEFA, UNESCO Paris, 19-21 July 2006 Presentation by H.E. Im Sethy Secretary of State and Vice Chair of the National EFA Commission.

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MoEYS Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport, Cambodia

HIV/AIDS in the Education Sector in Cambodia

The 7th Meeting of WGEFA, UNESCO Paris, 19-21 July 2006

Presentation by H.E. Im Sethy

Secretary of State and Vice Chair of the National EFA Commission

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Why is HIV/AIDS Education Important in Cambodia?

  • Tragic history: The country can’t loose another generation.

  • Highest prevalent rate (1.9%) of the region,

  • 50% of pop. is less than 20 years old and have new risks and temptations,

  • 30% of the population (>15-year old) is illiterate and not always have access to information on HIV/AIDS

  • Over 10,000 Street Children in Phnom Penh,

  • 58% of girls drop out of school after grade 5 (57% for boys)

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HIV/AIDS is a priority for the Royal Government of Cambodia: 1990-2003, Cambodia:

  • The Government needs to continue to rebuilt the society and ensuring proper education and health services,

  • Cambodian youth is increasingly exposed to HIV/AIDS and to new social temptation and risks.

    In this context, MoEYS is implementing a National programme to deliver HIV/AIDS education in public school as well as reaching out to the most vulnerable children who do not yet have access to education.

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What are the Legal Instruments? 1990-2003, Cambodia:

  • The National HIV/AIDS Strategic Plan 2006-2010:

    • To reduce new infections of HIV/AIDS;

    • To provide care and support to people living with and affected by HIV/AIDS;

    • To alleviate the socio-economic & human impact of AIDS on the individual, family, community & society.

  • The National Law on HIV/AIDS mentions that MoEYS is responsible for:

    • Integrating HIV/AIDS education in school curriculum;

    • Focusing on In and Out-of-School Youth;

    • Training Teachers;

    • Cooperating with the civil society and NGOs.

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Why is it important for MoEYS to fight HIV/AIDS ? 1990-2003, Cambodia:

At least 3 reasons:

  • MoEYS is responsible for the Cambodian youth (in and out of school),

  • MoEYS is responsible for protecting its labor force from HIV/AIDS (over 100,000 staff),

  • MoEYS needs to develop new teaching methodologies and address new sensitive topics such as reproductive health and drug abuses.

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What will happen if HIV/AIDS infections increase ? 1990-2003, Cambodia:

  • The enrolment will fall,

  • Skilled teachers could die,

  • Drop outs will increase,

  • The quality of education will decrease,

  • The financial resources allocated to education could be reduced to cover health.

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How is the MoEYS organized to fight HIV/AIDS? 1990-2003, Cambodia:

  • The Interdepartmental Committee for HIV/AIDS (ICHA) was created in 1999 and is chaired by a Secretary of State,

  • ICHA is composed of 15 MoEYS Departments,

  • ICHA has a Strategic Plan and Annual Work Plans, supported by bilateral and multilateral donors,

  • ICHA 2006 annual budget is over USD 1,3 million.

  • DFIDis providinga budget of USD 5 million

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ICHA ‘s Top Priorities: 1990-2003, Cambodia:

  • Develop HIV/AIDS policies and systems,

  • Develop HIV/AIDS curriculum and textbooks,

  • Train teachers (Pre and In-Service),

  • National preventive education program for (approx. 6 million Cambodian youth),

  • Raise awareness of the MoEYS staff,

  • Reduce stigma and discrimination,

  • Progressively address sensitive topics and issues (Reproductive health, Drugs, Street Children).

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The Ministry’s main achievements: 1990-2003, Cambodia:

  • HIV/AIDS is integrated in the Curriculum in grade 6,7,8 and 9,

  • A Life Skills Policy is implemented,

  • HIV/AIDS is part of the National Examination Plans,

  • HIV/AIDS textbooks and IEC are produced,

  • Pre and In-Service Teacher Trainings are progressively implemented across the country.

  • A Donor Coordination mechanism is established.

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Integrating HIV/AIDS in the Education Reform Program: 1990-2003, Cambodia:

  • Educational Plans (EFA, ESP and a related ESSP) have included measures to address a number of cross-cutting issues, including ICT and HIV/AIDS

  • Develop an effective partnership and to decentralize the planning and management of HIV/AIDS awareness programs

  • Need to put in place sustainable financing systems for HIV/AIDS awareness program delivery

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Longer Term HIV/AIDS Planning in Education: 1990-2003, Cambodia:

  • Knowledge about HIV/AIDS is not a sufficient condition for HIV/AIDS related behavior change

  • Adopt a long term and inter-generational view of HIV/AIDS prevention, involving grandparents, parents, young people and students

  • Continue to concentrate our efforts on rebuilding the society and ensuring proper education and health services to our population

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Conclusion: 1990-2003, Cambodia:

  • Inclusive and universal schooling is designed to optimize the effectiveness and coverage of specific HIV/AIDS education programs

  • Improve opportunities to attend school as a key strategy in reducing the vulnerability of Cambodia’s young people to HIV/AIDS

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Welcome information on MoEYS website: 1990-2003,

Thank You.