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MEN AND COMMUNITIES : AFRICAN-AMERICAN MALES AND THE WELL-BEING OF CHILDREN, FAMILIES AND NEIGHBORHOODS Prepared for The Dellums Commission By James B. Hyman, Ph.D., Inc. Rationale: Why is this important? Community poverty Macro (communal) vs. Micro (Individual) Strategies

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men and communities

MEN AND COMMUNITIES:

AFRICAN-AMERICAN MALES AND THE WELL-BEING OF CHILDREN, FAMILIES AND NEIGHBORHOODS

Prepared for

The Dellums Commission

By

James B. Hyman, Ph.D., Inc.

rationale why is this important
Rationale: Why is this important?
  • Community poverty
  • Macro (communal) vs. Micro (Individual) Strategies
  • Interventions with Multiplier Effects
nine propositions families children and neighborhoods do better when
Nine Propositions: Families, Children and Neighborhoods do Better when:
  • Men and Women Marry
  • Men do well Economically
  • Men Pursue Education
  • Men Accept Their Fatherhood Roles
  • Men Are Sexually Responsible
  • Men Eschew Crime and Violence
  • Men Avoid the Sale and Use of Drugs
  • Men are not Incarcerated
conclusion what men do is important to community well being
Conclusion: What men do is important to community well-being.

Intervention Approaches:

Bad Formulation:

  • We need to find a way to get black men to “act right.” All too easy. All too simple, All very wrong.

Better Formulation:

  • The fortunes and conditions of black men are not unique to them.
  • Much of the status and condition of black men is structurally imposed.
  • We need to examine behaviors– the “choices” black men make that determine whether they surmount or succumb to these structural impediments.
the challenge
The challenge

Extremely complicated: simultaneous and inter-dependent.

Education; income and earnings; marriage, fatherhood and family formation; crime and incarceration; child, youth and community development are all linked.

Need a map to navigate these relationships.

Defining question: Can we find a way to better understand the connections between these variables and their place in determining the extent, the manners, and the mechanisms through which men affect the well-being of poor communities?

slide6

A. Societal Expectations

B. Opportunity Structure

C. Male Choices and Behaviors

D. Expected Impacts on Children, Families & Neighborhoods (CFN)

E. Community Health and Well-Being

F. Feedback Loop to Societal Expectations

B1

C1

D1

Individual Endowment and Disposition

Asset Accumulation

w/ Respect to:

Positive CFN Well-Being Outcomes

Human Capital

Phys/Mental Health

Social Networks

Pos. Youth Devel

Strong Families

Pos. Neighborhood Climate

A

B2

F

Prescribed Male Roles

Macro-Social Structural Forces

Impact on Community Well-Being

Adaptations in Prescribed Male Roles

Worker

Family Supporter

Civic Participant

B3

D2

C2

Institutional Structural Forces

Social Disinvestment

w/ Respect to:

Negative CFN Well-Being Outcomes

Human Capital

Phys/Mental Health

Social Networks

Troubled Youth

Fragile Families

Disinvested Neighborhoods

The Impact of Males on the Well-Being Of Children, Families, Neighborhoods (CFN) and Communities

Health: Physical/Mental

Supports: Community/Family

Values: Cultural/Spiritual Competence: Intellectual/Social

Racism

Economics (Globalism)

Policy/Politics

Geography

Econ Growth/Stability

Political Voice/Power

Social Stability

Education – Public Schools Medicine – Health/Mental Health

Workplace – Economic Security

Law/Justice – Safety, Civil Rights

Media – Communications

implications
Implications

Need to intervene in ways that “condition” male choices (e.g., at Node B: Opportunity Structure)

Community-level intervention (at node B1: Individual Endowment and Disposition)