IAHPERD Presents: “ Healthy Iowa Kids”. How can our Schools better lead our children to healthy lives?. Are Iowa Children Healthy?. Here are some things we know; Obesity is a problem Problems that accompany obesity Diabetes Social & psychological outcomes Causes Inactivity Bad nutrition
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IAHPERD Presents:“Healthy Iowa Kids” How can our Schools better lead our children to healthy lives?
Here are some things we know; • Obesity is a problem • Problems that accompany obesity • Diabetes • Social & psychological outcomes • Causes • Inactivity • Bad nutrition • Unknown • Comprehensive State-wide status • Fitness tests • Minutes of P.E.
Prevalence of Overweight* Among U.S. Children and Adolescents(Aged 2–19 Years)
Definitions: Obesity: Having a very high amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass, or Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or higher. Body Mass Index (BMI): A measure of an adult’s weight in relation to his or her height, specifically the adult’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of his or her height in meters.
Obesity Trends* Among U.S. AdultsBRFSS,1990, 1998, 2007 (*BMI 30, or about 30 lbs. overweight for 5’4” person) 1998 1990 2007 No Data <10% 10%–14% 15%–19% 20%–24% 25%–29% ≥30%
Increased activity; • Recess • Physical Education • Expanded Intramurals • Inclusion in classroom settings • Scheduled small blocks of activity time • School nutrition • Improved school lunches • Other food sources in schools monitored and controlled • Ala Carte choices • Concession stands • Vending machines • Legislation passed • Wellness Policy (National)(2005) • Governor’s Task Force on Healthy Kids (2006) • Healthy Kids Act (2008) • Possible future legislation • Establish state standards for P.E. • Mandate recommended minutes of P.E.. (NASPE, pediatricians, public) • Establish a state-wide fitness test protocol and data collection.
What are the Iowa Legislature and State Administrators doing about the situation?
Passed the bill to authorize the Healthy Children Task Force. (2007) • Task force made recommendations to the legislature concerning the health of Iowa’s Children. • Lt. Governor Judge sponsored “town hall” meetings to air the problem and search for solutions • Passed SF 2279; “Healthy Kids Act” (2008)
Healthy Kids Act; SF 2279Passed 2008 session • Summary: • An Iowa act establishing health, nutrition, and cardiopulmonary resuscitation certification requirements for students, school districts, and accredited nonpublic schools. • Effective date; 2009 school year
Rules for nutritional content of foods sold or provided by the school • Excludes federal school food program • Excludes fund raising and concession stands • Activity • Children K – 5th grade are required to have physical activity 30 min. per school day • Grades 6th – 12 are required to have 120 min. activity per week.
Nutritional content standards for foods and beverages sold or provided on the school grounds will be formed by a nutrition advisory panel in collaboration with the Dept. of Health. • The advisory panel will consist of members of; • Iowa Dietetic Association • School nutrition Association • Iowa Association of School Boards • School Administrators of Iowa • Iowa chapter of the American academy of pediatrics • Parents • Iowa Grocery Industry Association • An accredited nonpublic School • Iowa State Education Association
Healthy Kids Act states; The Dept. of Education will convene a group of “stakeholders” to develop models that describe ways to meet the requirement. • Stakeholders (Fitness Working Group) • Elementary & Secondary education and fitness professionals.
Increase P.E. time Increase recess time Provide times and locations for planned activity (small blocks of minutes) Regular P.E. teachers can teach, inform, and aid classroom teachers as to how to incorporate activity into their regular subject matter. In-service programs can be devoted to activity
Physical Activity/Physical Education • There is a Difference between P.A. and P.E. (Physical Education) • Physical Education seeks to educate the student more completely. • Works towards Standards (NASPE) • Health related fitness • Social responsibilities • Values and attitudes • Knowledge • Motor skills • Physical Activity • Movement for movement’s sake • “Aimless wiggling” is a form of physical activity
Physical Activity is not a substitute for Physical Education • Quality P.E. can and will contribute to solving the problem of growing obesity • Quantity; P.E. can do more if given the chance; More time and better instruction. • Activity alone will not suffice, it should be paired with physical education • Integrate activity with other subject matter • Help students learn about why and how to utilize activity to accomplish healthy life styles. • Teach students skills that provide life-long avenues for activity.
Summary • Iowa Kids are experiencing a health status decline. • Schools cannot solve the whole problem • But schools can have a big impact. • Legislation will require new approaches to both physical activity and nutrition. • Physical Education is a logical and important source of solution.