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Processes Systems of Choice Mode & Medium influences the message (mode) Subject Matter determines the representation (field) Roles & Relationships affects the exchange (tenor) through through through Theme (prominent part of the message)

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

Systems of Choice

Mode & Mediuminfluences the message (mode)

Subject Matterdetermines the representation (field)

Roles & Relationships

affects the

exchange (tenor)

through

through

through

Theme

(prominent part of

the message)

Participants(people, places, things and ideas)

Mood (statements, questions

and commands)

Processes(doing, thinking,

saying and being)

Modality(degree of probability or obligation)

Cohesion

(the links between

messages)

Circumstances

(how, when, where and why ?)

Clauses in the Text

slide3

Processes are represented by verbs and verb groups

runs

is Sweating

whistle

jog

thinks

slide4

Processes connect participants and their circumstances

Mental Processes

Alice feels proud.

Material Processes

Harry bowls.

Verbal Processes

Sisters chat.

Relational Processes

Paul has a big belly.

slide5

Material Processes

indicate physical actions

Children skip.

Mike hitthe ball.

The dog chasedthe cat under the fence.

slide6

Scrambled Eggs

Ingredients

2 eggs 1 teaspoon butter

1/4 cup milk parsley (optional)

Salt buttered toast

Method

1. Beat eggs well and then add salt and milk.

2. Finely chop the parsley.

3. Melt butter in a small fry pan.

4. Add egg mixture and stir over a gentle heat until thick. Don’t overcook !

5. Add a little chopped parsley and serve on toast.

slide7

Scrambled Eggs

Ingredients

2 eggs 1 teaspoon butter

1/4 cup milk parsley (optional)

Salt buttered toast

Method

1. Beat eggs well and then add salt and milk.

2. Finely chop the parsley.

3. Melt butter in a small fry pan.

4. Add egg mixture and stir over a gentle heat until thick. Don’t overcook !

5. Add a little chopped parsley and serve on toast.

slide8

Verbal Processes

report or project speech

“Gold ! Gold !” shoutedthe prospector.

The girls chat on

the way home.

Randal screamed at the dog to be quiet.

slide9

The Lolly Shop

Bruno remarked that he likes Chewy stingers with the fizzy centres best. Gina boasted that she once ate a whole packet of jumbo jelly for breakfast.

Our Principal announced we were not to spend our lunch money at the lolly shop.

We asked the shopkeeper to buy more surprise skulls. Our parents warned us not to eat too many sweets. Toula whispered to me that she has one gobstopper a week.

Many children ask for the new doodle pops.

Sergio praised the new nerds which had just

arrived at the shop.

slide10

The Lolly Shop

Bruno remarked that he likes Chewy stingers with the fizzy centres best. Gina boasted that she once ate a whole packet of jumbo jelly for breakfast.

Our Principal announced we were not to spend our lunch money at the lolly shop.

We asked the shopkeeper to buy more surprise skulls. Our parents warned us not to eat too many sweets. Toula whispered to me that she has one gobstopper a week.

Many children ask for the new doodle pops.

Sergio praised the new nerds which had just

arrived at the shop.

slide11

Mental Processes

express thoughts or feelings

Mr Harris wondered

if the fish would bite.

The diver feltnervous.

He believed that she was telling the truth.

slide12

Madam Fifi

Madam Fifi the fortune teller thought hard. She believes she has special magical powers. Many people wonder about these things.

With closed eyes she concentrated on the crystal ball. Madam Fifi knows all this spooky stuff. I expect some interesting information after my visit to Madam Fifi.

Sometimes I feel a bit frightened

about spirits. I reckon the spirits

could come alive. I dreamt about

my visit to the fortune teller.

slide13

Madam Fifi

Madam Fifi the fortune teller thought hard. She believes she has special magical powers. Many people wonder about these things.

With closed eyes she concentrated on the crystal ball. Madam Fifi knows all this spooky stuff. I expect some interesting information after my visit to Madam Fifi.

Sometimes I feel a bit frightened

about spirits. I reckon the spirits

could come alive. I dreamt about

my visit to the fortune teller.

slide14

Relational Processes

indicate states of being or having

It iswindy today.

Mr Taylor has a broken leg.

Those dogs have very sharp teeth !

slide15

Jim

chubby.

is

slide16

Mavis

a migraine.

has

slide17

Dogs

Dogs are mammals. They are four legged creatures which have backbones. They are warm blooded animals and so can control their own body temperature.

Dogs have live babies. The mother produces milk to feed the babies. When the puppies are weaned they are able to eat meat.

There are many different breeds of dog. Different breeds have different attributes. Some breeds of dog have thick, furry coats. Other breeds of dog have short, sleek coats.

Most dogs are friendly and relate well to human beings. Dogs make excellent pets. They are good company and have lots of fun to share.

slide18

Dogs

Dogs are mammals. They are four legged creatures which have backbones. They are warm blooded animals and so can control their own body temperature.

Dogs have live babies. The mother produces milk to feed the babies. When the puppies are weaned they are able to eat meat.

There are many different breeds of dog. Different breeds have different attributes. Some breeds of dog have thick, furry coats. Other breeds of dog have short, sleek coats.

Most dogs are friendly and relate well to human beings. Dogs make excellent pets. They are good company and have lots of fun to share.

slide19

Keep the Men in Jail

Select a ‘process’ card … identify its type and use in a sentence. The first player/team to have all the bars marked off is the winner.

slide20

Verb Groups

A verb group may comprise a singleverb or a group of verbs

It may also include

auxiliariesand non finite elements such asparticiples

slide21

Verb Groups

Theyhad been planning to have a barbequefor Fred's birthday.

slide22

Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary verbs are helping verbs.

They help to specify

and express time,

probability or obligation.

slide23

Auxiliary Verbs

Auxiliary Verbs are divided into primary auxiliaries

(be, have, do)

and

Modal auxiliaries

(can, may, shall, must, ought to, need, done)

slide24

Auxiliary Verbs

In verb groups that express probability

or time, the modal auxiliary comes first

slide25

Participles

Each verb has a present and a past participle. Participles in base, present (-ing) or past (-ed) form may be included in the verb group.

slide26

Past Participle

We have walked two kilometres.

We’ve walked two kilometres.

slide27

Present Participle

We were walking two kilometres.

We shall be walking two kilometres.

slide28

Base Form

We shall walk to Uluru.

We’ll walk to Uluru.

slide29

Infinitives

Infinitives are the base form,

root or name of the verb and

usually follow the word ‘to’

Examples

to bring, to wish, to be, to go

slide30

Infinitives

Both parts of the infinitive should be

kept together

They wanted to walk slowly to the corner.

not

They wanted to slowly walk to the corner.

slide31

Transitive Verbs

When a verb

takes the action from the subject across to the object it is called a transitive verb

slide32

Dogs fetch sticks.

Here the dog is doing the action to the stick.

slide33

Intransitive Verbs

Verbs that don’t have

any objects are called

intransitive verbs.

Intransitive verbs make

sense on their own and

do not need an object.

slide34

Mark relaxes.

In this sentence the action is not transferred to an object

slide35

Subject/Verb Agreeance

The subject of a sentence is who or what the sentence is about.

It is in ‘charge’ of the verb

slide36

Subject/Verb Agreeance

This carrot is fresh.

A singular subject means

the verb must be singular.

slide37

Subject/Verb Agreeance

These carrots

are fresh.

A plural subject means

the verb must be plural.

slide38

Subject/Verb Agreeance

Sometimes one subject governs more than one verb.

Make sure that all of the

verbs governed by a subject agree with the subject.

slide39

This kind of car looks impressive but does not go very fast.

not

This kind of car looks impressive but do not go very fast.

slide40

Subject/Verb Agreeance

Take care when a group of words forms the subject

slide41

A packet of peas was

open on the floor

not

A packet of peas were

open on the floor

slide42

Tips to Remember

Words like anyone, everyone, and no-one are singular

and take a singular form

The words many, both,

few and several always

take the plural form

slide43

Tips to Remember

Neither … nor

If both subjects are singular use a singular verb

If both subjects are plural

use a plural verb

slide44

Tips to Remember

Collective nouns usually take a singular verb

Examples

Year 1/2 is brilliant.

Amy’s family is brilliant.

The football team is brilliant.

slide45

Tips to Remember

When a sentence has more than one subject joined by the word ‘and’ the verb should be plural.

Example

Luise and her sister come on Mondays.

slide46

Active and Passive Voice

Voice is the characteristic of the verb by which it is able to express an idea in two ways

slide47

Tom hit the ball.

Here tom (the subject)

is doing the action of hitting.

Hit is an active verb

slide48

The ball washit by Tom.

Here the ball

(the subject) is

having the action

done to it.

‘was hit’ is an passive verb

slide49

Active and Passive Voice

Active voice is stronger and more direct than passive voice.

Active voice is used much more often because it is usually shorter and easier to read.

slide51

Active and Passive Voice

When passive voice is used it can give a different emphasis to a message.

slide52

Public notices

are often

written in the

passive voice

as it is less

aggressive and

abrupt to

active voice

slide53

Active voice

Keep your dog on a leash !

slide54

Passive voice

Dogs must be kept on a leash.

slide55

Tense

Refers to time

and tells when

a process is taking place

slide56

Present Tense

The chef is cooking.

slide57

Past Tense

The chef cooked.

slide58

Future Tense

The chef will cook.

slide59

Timeless Present Tense

The chef cooks.

slide60

Nominalisation is the changing

of a process into a participant

The rain fell heavily.

Can be changed to

The falling of the rain was heavy.

slide61

Extending a Noun Group

His three cute Siamese kittens …

Add a process

slide62

Extending a Noun Group

His three cute Siamese kittens purred

(verbal process)

slide63

Extending a Noun Group

His three cute Siamese kittens scratched

(material process)

slide64

Extending a Noun Group

His three cute Siamese kittens seem

(relational process)

slide65

Extending a Noun Group

His three cute Siamese kittens feel

(mental process)

slide66

Extending a Noun Group

His three cute Siamese kittens felt

(change the tense)