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Pompeii and Herculaneum Economy: Industries and Occupations. “There is bias in the creation of evidence and bias in the selection of evidence” Agriculture/Fishing Service Occupations Food & Drink. Claire Benn. Agriculture/Fishing.
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“There is bias in the creation of evidence and bias in the selection of evidence”
Food & Drink
Grape PressersWheat HarvestersVineyardsFishermen
Villa Regina, Boscoreale; remains of a wine press
Villa Regina, Boscoreale–18 Dolia (wine vats)
of a second stone that was secured on masonry base. The
grain was ground finely between the two stones and came
out the bottom as flour. Then the flour was mixed with water
and other ingredients to form dough, which was then made
into bread. The baker would then sell the bread directly
from his shop.
Mill wheels used to grind flour, Pompeii
Boat shed facades of Herculaneum
Fulleries Weavers & DyersProstitutesBath
Fresco depicting fullers at work, Fullery of Stephanus
Fullonica of Stephanus - vats used for dying clothing.
Erotic scene from a wall painting of a private building in Pompeii.
The shelves in the apodyterium where clothes were stored after assistance from slave; Suburban Baths, Herculaneum
toga would be inappropriate for an everyday baker. This theory is further supported by a graffito on a Pompeii street urging voters to make Gaius Julius Polybius aedile; “He brings good bread.” Michael Grant further concludes that the painting is of “an official of Pompeii seeking popularity by making a free distribution of loaves.”
Above: One of 81 loaves recovered from the oven in the Bakery of Modestus.
Painting from the Reception room of a Pompeii House
Reconstructed wine-press found in the Villa of the Mysteries, Pompeii.
Thermopolium of Vetutius Placidus
Pompeii and Herculaneum
to be more highly valued.”
in France. Main trade was with Spain, Cecily and Crete.
Fish and birds mosaic from Pompeii, showing the importance of fish
Above: In the Atrium at each corner of the impluvium was a black and white mosaic of an amphora with an inscription for the four Roman fish sauces.