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Our Political Beginnings. Magna Carta (1215). “The Great Charter” Signed by King John of England in 1215. Included fundamental rights: Trial by jury Due process of law Private Property Established the principle that the power of the monarchy was not absolute. Petition of Right (1628).

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magna carta 1215
Magna Carta (1215)
  • “The Great Charter”
  • Signed by King John of England in 1215.
  • Included fundamental rights:
    • Trial by jury
    • Due process of law
    • Private Property
  • Established the principle that the power of the monarchy was not absolute.
petition of right 1628
Petition of Right (1628)
  • Limited the king’s power even more. Stated that even the king had to obey the law of the land.
  • King could no longer:
    • imprison or punish any person without a lawful judgment of his peers.
    • impose martial law (rule by the military).
    • Raise taxes without the permission of parliament.
the english bill of rights 1689
The English Bill of Rights (1689)
  • (Created during the Glorious Revolution.)
  • Established:
    • Trail by jury
    • Due process
    • No cruel punishment
    • No excessive bail or fines
    • Right to bear arms
    • Right to petition
virginia bill of rights 1776
Virginia Bill of Rights (1776)
  • Established:
    • No excessive bail or fines
    • No unreasonable searches and seizures
    • Freedom of speech
    • Freedom of press
    • Freedom of religion
enlightenment principles
Enlightenment Principles
  • Man is reasonable
  • Man must consent to be government
  • A Constitution/ Contract must
    • LIMIT THE GOVERNMENT
    • Clearly define powers of the Government
    • Make a known law w/ and objective judge
  • Progress / Change is expected and usually good
the enlightenment era brought new ideas of the natural law what is the natural law
The Enlightenment Era brought new ideas of the Natural Law.What is the Natural Law?
  • Life
  • Liberty
  • Health
  • Property