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Nearly 50 American workers are injured every minute of the 40-hour work week and almost 17 die each day (OSHA) In 2003: 111 million workers at 7 million sites In 2003: OSHA Inspectors: 1,123. General Duty Clause.
Nearly 50 American workers are injured every minute of the 40-hour work week and almost 17 die each day (OSHA)
Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm
* Responsibility of employers to identify problems that the government does not identify
(e.g., applied for when a company cannot comply with a standard)
1) No notification of an inspection is allowed
2) Company and an employee representative accompany the inspector
3) Inspector can enter and investigate any location within the company (is not required to go beyond the specific complaint area)
Willful: A violation that the employer intentionally and knowingly commits. Willful violations carry penalties of $5,000 to $70,000. Serious: A violation where there is substantial probability that death or serious physical harm could result and that the employer knew, or should have known, of the hazard. A penalty must be proposed and can range up to $7,000 per serious violation.
Repeat: A violation of any standard, regulation, rule or order where, upon reinspection, a substantially similar violation is found. Repeated violations can bring penalties of up to $70,000. Failure to Abate: Failure to correct a prior violation may result in civil penalties of up to $7,000 per day for each day the violation continues beyond the prescribed abatement date.
Other: A violation that has a direct relationship to job safety and health, but probably would not cause death or serious physical harm. Penalties are discretionary, but may range up to $7,000.
Provide a workplace free from serious recognized hazards and comply with standards, rules and regulations issued under the OSHA Act. Examine workplace conditions to make sure they conform to applicable OSHA standards.
Make sure employees have and use safe tools and equipment and properly maintain this equipment.
Use color codes, posters, labels or signs to warn employees of potential hazards.
Establish or update operating procedures and communicate them so that employees follow safety and health requirements.
Provide medical examinations and training when required by OSHA standards.
Post, at a prominent location within the workplace, the OSHA poster (or the state-plan equivalent) informing employees of their rights and responsibilities.
Report to the nearest OSHA office within 8 hours any fatal accident or one that results in the hospitalization of three or more employees.
Keep records of work-related injuries and illnesses. (Note: Employers with 10 or fewer employees and employers in certain low-hazard industries are exempt)
Provide employees, former employees and their representatives access to the Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses (OSHA Form 300).
Provide access to employee medical records and exposure records to employees or their authorized representatives.
Provide the OSHA compliance officer the names of authorized employee representatives who may accompany the compliance officer during an inspection. Not discriminate against employees who exercise their rights under the Act. Post OSHA citations at or near the work area involved. Each citation must remain posted until the violation has been corrected, or for three working days, whichever is longer. Post abatement verification documents or tags.
1. Timber cutters 117.8
2. Fishers 71.1
3. Pilots and navigators 69.8
4. Structural metal workers 58.2
5. Drivers-sales workers3 7.9
6. Roofers 37
7. Electrical power installers 32.5
8. Farm occupations 28
9. Construction laborers 27.7
10. Truck drivers 25