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Jamaica Kincaid: Bio (1). Born Elaine Potter Richardson in St. Johns, Antigua in 1949 father: a carpenter and cabinetmaker, mother: a homemaker and political activist. Left Antigua when she was 17. Jamaica Kincaid: Bio (2).

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jamaica kincaid bio 1
Jamaica Kincaid: Bio (1)
  • Born Elaine Potter Richardson in St. Johns, Antigua in 1949
  • father: a carpenter and cabinetmaker,
  • mother: a homemaker and political activist.
  • Left Antigua when she was 17.
jamaica kincaid bio 2
Jamaica Kincaid: Bio (2)
  • As the eldest of four, and the only girl, she was apprenticed to a seamstress, then plucked from school, where she was excelling, and sent to the US as an au pair ("really a servant")
  • changed her name to Jamaica Kincaid because her family disapproved of her writing.
  • A lot more blacks than white people;
  • No experience of “freedom apprenticeship” after Emancipation in 1834. “Freedom was immediate but total.” (Murdoch 99)
  • A British colony till 1967.
kincaid and antigua
Kincaid and Antigua
  • Within the structure of the British educational system imposed upon Antiguans, Kincaid grew to "detest everything about England, except the literature" (Vorda 79).
  • Expressed the anger at the failure of Antigua independence in her novel A Small Place.
  • Strongly critical of colonialism
kincaid about her mother
Kincaid about her mother
  • She "should never have had children."
  • “She loves us when we‘re dying - not when we’re thriving because then we don‘t need her.”
mother daughter relationship in annie john
Mother-Daughter Relationship in Annie John
  • Major Factors:
  • Caribbean society: a male-dominated society in which the men are allowed to be irresponsible about housework, and enjoy sexual relationships outside marriage.
  • Mother as a social institution
  • A young girl’s socialization: feminie Oedipus complex
mother daughter relationship in annie john examples
Mother-Daughter Relationship in Annie John: Examples
  • “The Circling Hand” -- Forced to separate herself from the mother; sent to be educated, witnessing the parents’ sexual intercourse (primal scene).
  • “Columbus in Chain”: mother turned into a crocodile p. 84
  • being called a slut by her mother after conversing with a boy -- “Well, …like mother like daughter” (p. 102)
annie s independence process
Annie’s independence process
  • Pre-occupation with death;
  • Pre-Oedipal symbiosis with the mother
  • Girl friends (Gwen, Red Girl)
  • Resisting British education (Columbus in Chain)
  • Exploring her own sexuality
  • fascination for the father (112-13)
  • Illness; grandmother’s (Ma Chess) care-taking -- a substitute for the mother (pp. 125-26)
  • Leaving Antigua
the circling hand
“The Circling Hand”
  • 1. The symbiotic state: (pp. 13-25)
  • Examples of the daughter’s complete identification with the mother. pp. 13- 19
  • What kind of gender model does the mother offer Annie? What role does the father take in this part? e.g. p. 13-14; 25
  • What’s the significance of the trunk? P. 20
the circling hand 2
“The Circling Hand” (2)
  • Separation: the changes
  • in Annie’s body p. 25; p. 27
  • her dresses p. 26
  • her schooling -- p. 29
  • the mother’s expectations of her: pp. 28-29
the circling hand 3
“The Circling Hand” (3)
  • the primal scene
  • the importance of the circling hand? P. 30
  • What role does the father take after this scene?
a walk to the jetty
“A Walk to the Jetty”
  • Contradictorysigns of independence + signs of nostalgia in this chapter?
  • Name, address, her listing of what she “never wants to see”; joy at not having to see them. pp. 130-132.; her attention at what’s “hers” and what’s on her p. 134-35.
  • remembering a lot; the moment of getting out of bed 133
  • contradictory feelings at the wharf: 144; 145, 147
a walk to the jetty annie s views of her parents marriage
“A Walk to the Jetty”Annie’s views of her parents & marriage
  • What kind of family does Annie have?
  • P. 132
  • How do they look at her day of departure? pp. 134-36
  • Their interaction: p. 136
  • Gwen 137
walking away from the past memories education and transitional objects
Walking away from the past (memories, education and transitional objects)
  • Ms. Dulcie the seamstress, p. 138
  • first experience of buying things 139
  • saving money
  • interests that she has outgrown: glasses, porcelain dog,
  • library
indivuation through complete separation
Indivuation through complete separation
  • Can you relate to her need to leave the place forever? pp. 144-148
  • Are you sympathetic with her hatred of the mother? Pp. 133