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Belize Geography & Economy Next Home Geography Location Area Ecology Environment Previous Next Home Map from CIA Website Location Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Mexico Geographic coordinates: 17 15 N, 88 45 W Map Reference:

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belize

Belize

Geography&Economy

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geography
Geography
  • Location
  • Area
  • Ecology
  • Environment

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Map from CIA Website

location
Location
  • Location:
    • Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Mexico
  • Geographic coordinates:
    • 17 15 N, 88 45 W
  • Map Reference:
    • Central America and the Caribbean

Information and Picture from CIA Website

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Belize

Geography

slide4
Area:total: 22,966 sq km water: 160 sq km land: 22,806 sq km

Area - comparative:slightly smaller than Massachusetts

Land boundaries:total: 516 km border countries: Guatemala 266 km, Mexico 250 km

Coastline:386 km

Maritime claims:exclusive economic zone: 200 NM territorial sea: 12 NM in the north, 3 NM in the south; note - from the mouth of the Sarstoon River to Ranguana Cay, Belize's territorial sea is 3 NM; according to Belize's Maritime Areas Act, 1992, the purpose of this limitation is to provide a framework for the negotiation of a definitive agreement on territorial differences with Guatemala

Area

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Belize

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ecology
Climate:tropical; very hot and humid; rainy season (May to November); dry season (February to May)

Terrain:flat, swampy coastal plain; low mountains in south

Elevation extremes:lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m highest point: Victoria Peak 1,160 m

Natural resources:arable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower

Land use:arable land: 2.81% permanent crops: 1.1% other: 96.09% (1998 est.)

Irrigated land:30 sq km (1998 est.)

Natural hazards:frequent, devastating hurricanes (June to November) and coastal flooding (especially in south)

Ecology

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environment
Environment - current issues:deforestation; water pollution from sewage, industrial effluents, agricultural runoff; solid and sewage waste disposal

Environment - international agreements:

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands

Environment

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Belize

Geography

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economy
Economy
  • Overview
  • GDP
  • Labor
  • Electricity and Oil
  • Agriculture

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Belize

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overview
In this small, essentially private enterprise economy the tourism industry is the number one foreign exchange earner followed by cane sugar, citrus, marine products, bananas, and garments. The government's expansionary monetary and fiscal policies, initiated in September 1998, led to GDP growth of 6.5% in 1999, 10.8% in 2000, 4.6% in 2001, and 3.7% in 2002.

Major concerns continue to be the sizable trade deficit and foreign debt. A key short-term objective remains the reduction of poverty with the help of international donors.

Overview

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Belize

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Economy

gdp gross domestic product
GDP:purchasing power parity - $1.28 billion (2002 est.)

GDP - real growth rate:3.7% (2002 est.)

GDP - per capita:purchasing power parity - $4,900 (2002 est.)

GDP - composition by sector:agriculture: 18% industry: 24% services: 58% (2001 est.)

Population below poverty line:33% (1999 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):1.9% (2002 est.)

GDP (Gross Domestic Product)

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labor
Labor force:90,000 note: shortage of skilled labor and all types of technical personnel

Labor force - by occupation:agriculture 27%, industry 18%, services 55% (2001 est.)

Unemployment rate:9.1% (2002)

Budget:revenues: $224 million expenditures: $209 million, including capital expenditures of $70 million (2002 est.)

Industries:garment production, food processing, tourism, construction

Industrial production growth rate:4.6% (1999)

Labor

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electricity and oil
Electricity - production:199.5 million kWh (2001)

Electricity - production by source:fossil fuel: 59.9% hydro: 40.1% other: 0% (2001) nuclear: 0%

Electricity - consumption:185.5 million kWh (2001)

Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2001)

Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2001)

Oil - production:0 bbl/day (2001 est.)

Oil - consumption:5,000 bbl/day (2001 est.)

Oil - exports:NA (2001)

Oil - imports:NA (2001)

Electricity and Oil

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agriculture
Agriculture - products:bananas, coca, citrus, sugar; fish, cultured shrimp; lumber; garments

Exports:$290 million f.o.b. (2002 est.)

Exports - commodities:sugar, bananas, citrus, clothing, fish products, molasses, wood

Exports - partners:US 40.5%, UK 23.2%, Peru 8.3% (2002)

Imports:$430 million c.i.f. (2002 est.)

Imports - commodities:machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods; fuels, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; food, beverages, tobacco

Imports - partners:US 35.7%, Mexico 10.1%, Netherlands Antilles 6.1%, Japan 5.9%, Cuba 5.7%, UK 5.4% (2002)

Agriculture

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the end national anthem
O Land of the Free by the Carib Sea,Our manhood we pledge to thy liberty!No tyrants here linger, despots must fleeThis tranquil haven of democracy.The blood of our sires, which hallows the sod,Brought freedom from slavery oppression's rod,By the might of truth and the grace of God.No longer shall we be hewers of wood.

 CHORUS

Arise, ye sons of the Baymen's clan!Put on your armour, clear the land!Drive back the tyrants, let despots flee!Land of the Free by the Carib Sea!

  Nature has blessed thee with wealth untold,O'er mountains and valleys where prairies roll;Our fathers, the Baymen, valiant and boldDrove back the invader, this heritage holdFrom proud Rio Hondo to old Sarstoon,Through coral isle, over blue lagoon,Keep watch with the angels, the stars and moon.For freedom comes tomorrow's noon.

CHORUS

Arise, ye sons of the Baymen's clan!Put on your armour, clear the land!Drive back the tyrants, let despots flee!Land of the Free by the Carib Sea!

THE ENDNational Anthem

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