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60 Second Science: Presentations by CPHI Pilot Grant Recipients. Community Based Participatory Research – Partnered with: ACLAMO, MCC, and CFL Vulnerable Populations in Norristown (Latino & African American) Bridging Barriers Between Education and Health Services

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60 Second Science:

Presentations by CPHIPilot Grant Recipients

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Community Based Participatory Research – Partnered with: ACLAMO, MCC, and CFL

  • Vulnerable Populations in Norristown (Latino & African American)
  • Bridging Barriers Between Education and Health Services
  • Qualitative Formative Research
    • Families, Providers, and Social Service Agencies
  • A Bilingual Guide to Services in the Norristown Area
  • Conversations Across Education and Pediatric Care Domains
  • Funding: CPHI, W.K. Kellogg Foundation, & W.T. Grant Foundation

Ian M. Bennett MD PhD, Assistant Professor, SOM

Stanton Wortham PhD, Professor, GSE

SNAPPS; The Survey of Norristown Area Preschool and Pediatric Services

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Fran Barg, PhD, Philippe Bourgois, PhD, Charlie Branas, PhD

A pilot study of substance abuse, trafficking, and everyday violence as the downstream products of political violence and civil war

  • Unanswered question: what came first – everyday violence or political violence?
  • Pilot epidemiologic method and questionnaire co-administered by Guatemalans, Penn MPH students and Global Health residents
  • To date, 86 interviews in urban and rural Guatemala
  • Academic paper under review
  • Larger follow-up study of some 1300 Guatemalans in process based on NIH funding of Guatemalan investigator now at Penn
weeyl working to educate and empower youth for leadership
WEEYL (Working to Educate and Empower Youth for Leadership)

Community Partners:

Francis Drake – Neighborhood Youth Achievement Program,

Nichet Sykes – Women Organized Against Rape,

Edwin Desamour – Men in Motion in the Community

Craig Santoro – WHYY Learning Lab

Content Partners:

Institute for Safe Families, Women Organized Against Rape, the Philadelphia Department of Human Services, the Philadelphia Mayor’s Office of Community Services Fatherhood Initiative, and the Philadelphia Department of Public Health, through the Division of Maternal, Child, and Family Health

Academic Partners:

Peter F. Cronholm - Department of Family Medicine and Community Health (DFMCH)

Frances K. Barg - DFMCH and Department of Anthropology

Christine M. Forke - Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the Division of Adolescent Medicine and Policy Lab, Department of Pediatrics, CHOP

Jeffrey Draine - School of Social Policy and Practice and Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research

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Christine Forke, MSN, CRNP, PhD Student, Penn CCEB Joel Fein, MD, MPH, Professor of Pediatrics, Penn/CHOP

Developing Adolescent RADAR to Screen for Adolescent Dating Violence (ADV)

  • Partner violence can result in serious injury
  • No standard screening criteria to assess for ADV
  • Objective: develop brief screening tool for ADV (Adolescent RADAR)
  • Methods: modified Delphi, web-based survey, national experts
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PI: Amy Hillier, PhD, PennDesign

Co-PI: Jacqueline McLaughlin, RD, MPH Program

Co-I: Carolyn C. Cannuscio, ScD, Family Medicin

Co-I: Allison Karpyn, PhD, The Food Trust

Co-I: Mariana Chilton, PhD, Drexel University

The Impact of WIC Food Package Changes on Access to Healthful Foods in Two Low-income Neighborhoods

Keith

Gantt

*

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Diallo

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*Funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Healthy Eating Research Program (Grant # 66953)

Paul

Bailey

Sara Ansell Jana Hirsch Josephine Karianjahi Laurel Johnson Marina Bernal Amy Bastianelli Linda Kilby (WIC)

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mHealth in Botswana

Carrie Kovarik, MD

Assistant Professor of Dermatology, Dermatopathology, and Infectious Diseases, University of Pennsylvania

  • Mobile telemedicine subspecialties: dermatology, oral medicine, radiology
  • Mobile cervical cancer screening
  • TB contact tracing
  • Telementoring
  • Pubmed and clinical guideline SMS text query
  • Malaria case reporting
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Giang T. Nguyen, MD MPH MSCE (Family Medicine & Community Health)

Frances K. Barg, PhD (Anthropology and Family Medicine)

Mai Nhung Le, DrPH MPH (San Francisco State U., Asian American Studies)

Roxanna Bautisa, MPH CHES (API National Cancer Survivors Network)

Fidelia Butt, MD (Asian American Cancer Support Network)

Unmet Needs of Asian & Pacific Islander Cancer Survivors

  • Aims
  • Describe the unmet psychosocial needs of a national sample of Asian American and Pacific Islander cancer survivors, using a CBPR approach.
  • Identify demographic characteristics that can predict higher or lowerlikelihood of having unmet psychosocial needs among Asian American and Pacific Islander cancer survivors.
  • Completed
  • Determined priority areas w/input from the National Advisory Council of the APINCSN
  • Survey development based on priority areas; paper survey and a secure online interfacehttps://www.aapihealth.org/study
  • All major decisions are done collaboratively  marketing/recruitment/data collection in progress
  • IRB approval at Penn & SFSU NEXT STEPS: translations into Vietnamese, Chinese
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James D. Park, MD MPH, Fellow, General Internal Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

David A. Asch, MD MBA, Robert D. Eilers Professor, University of Pennsylvania

Public Opinion About Paying People to Quit Smoking

  • Financial incentives (FI) are effective in achieving tobacco cessation but remain controversial in their use
  • RCT using experimental survey design, comparing support for a “treatment,” medication, or financial incentive for tobacco cessation
  • 1,092 surveys collected at transportation depots in Philadelphia
  • No statistical difference in rate of support among 3 treatment types
  • Predictors of FI support: Current smoker, age, (internal LOC)
  • Significance: No disfavor towards the use of financial incentives,
  • versus medications or generic treatment for tobacco cessation.
  • Certain subgroups favor support of financial incentives.
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Co-PI: Jennifer Cohn, MD, Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine

Co-PI: Mark Pauly, PhD, Professor, Wharton School

Research Assistants: Laura Sander, MD (PGY3 Internal Medicine) and David Holtzman, MD (PGY3 Med-Peds)

Study of Time Savings Realized Through Task Shifting to Community Health Workers (CHWs) in Kenyan Health Facilities

  • Kenya faces a severe health worker shortage
  • We aim to determine the time value of CHWs to health facilities and to determine the components of essential CHW service and its associated cost
  • Data collection: 7 sites, 1-2 facilities per site
    • 1) Interview 2-3 CHWs and 1-2 health care providers per site
    • 2) CHW to fill out task and supply diaries for 14 consecutive days
  • Preliminary data
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What are the benefits and challenges of using a university-school partnership to implement a socialized recess that is mutually beneficial to both partners?

 Principal Investigators:

Matthew Hartley, Ed.D., Associate Professor, Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania

Caroline Watts, Ed. D., Senior Fellow, Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania

Mary Summers, M.A., M.S., Senior Fellow, Fox Leadership Program; Lecturer, Political Science, University of Pennsylvania

Co-investigators:

Stephen Leff, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Clinical Psychology in Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Stella Volpe, Ph.D., R.D., Research Associate,Division of Biobehavioral and Health Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania

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PRODUCTION:

  • Camden:
  • 31,000 lbs summer vegetables
  • 140,000 servings
  • 3x day x3months x508 people
  • Trenton:
  • 23,000 lbs summer vegetables
  • 100,000 servings
  • 3x day x3months x375 people
  • * 2009 yields very low
  • DISTRIBUTION:
  • All gardens share harvest with neighbors, family, strangers
  • Networks of social support
  • Impacts beyond food

Domenic Vitiello, Jeane Ann Grisso, & Michael Nairn

Innovative Methods to Evaluate

Impacts of Urban Community Gardens

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Doug Wiebe PhD,1 Rose Cheney PhD,1 Beth Ellis Ohr PsyD,1

Meghan Marsac PhD,2 Howard Rosenberg DDS3, Julie James,4 Yu Gao,5 Students3

1School of Medicine 2CHOP 3School of Dentistry 4Elders’ Smiles 5Brooklyn College

Measuring & Enhancing Stress Resilience in Youth in Dental Clinic Settings

  • Promoting oral health is an important, yet often neglected area of public health practice.
  • Stress may negatively impact children’s oral health and contribute to health disparities.
  • - stress during dentist visit can increase blood pressure; have long term consequences.
  • - stress experienced chronically from neighborhood violence may reduce coping ability.
  • Pilot study - identify stressors experienced during routine dentist visit.
    • - piloting measure of stress responses during routine dentist visit.
    • - gain insight into history of stress exposure and vulnerability.
    • - pilot deep breathing brief intervention.

Heart rate

Minute

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Charmaine Wright MD, Assistant Professor

Marjie Mogul PhD, Research Director Maternity Care Coalition

Pregnancy Weight Management Study

  • Maternal obesitypoor maternal-child health outcomes
  • Few interventions decrease rates of excessive pregnancy weight
  • gain or postpartum weight retention.
  • Psychosocial predictors of maternal obesity: self-efficacy, weight
  • locus of control, & perinatal depression
  • We now propose a 4-component intervention: motivational
  • appeals, environmental aids, peer & task-oriented support.
  • We completed 3 focus groups to write the text messages we will
  • use during the intervention.
  • We start pilot enrollment January 1, 2011.