Endoscopic Sinus Surgery. Section 7 ( قسمت هفتم فایل ). Bakhshaee M, MD Rhinologist, Assistant Prof. MUMS. When a high-resolution CT scan has shown the skull base defect, MRI can help define any pathology associated with a CSF leak, e.g., brain, hematoma, CSF. Inverted Papilloma.
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Section 7 (قسمت هفتم فایل)
Bakhshaee M, MD
Rhinologist, Assistant Prof. MUMS
When a high-resolution CT scan has shown the skull base defect, MRI can help define any pathology associated with a CSF leak, e.g., brain, hematoma, CSF.
A negative result on MRA does not definitively rule out a vascular lesion.
The loss of color discrimination, particularly of red, is a worrying symptom of pressure on the optic nerve, and this requires urgent treatment.
Localize the uncinate process (arrow) from its free margin posteriorly and follow it anteriorly and upward
A key aspect of frontal recess surgery is to define the insertion of the uncinate process as this may also “guard” anterior access to the frontal recess by forming a web if it attaches to the skull base or middle turbinate
How much do we need to explain to our patients to properly gain their consent?
The CT scans must be placed in order on a screen for the surgeon to inspect before and during the procedure