Corynebacterium. Corynebacterium. Classification Corynebacterium diphtheriae and diphtheroids (look like C. diphtheriae ) are Gram- positive, club shaped rods. Some are saprophytic Some produce disease in animals.
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Prevention- Active immunization with toxoid (alum precipitate).
Is part of the DPT vaccine.
Shick skin test like the Dick test in that it tests for circulating antibody to the toxin by injecting a small amount of toxin intradermally and observing for a local erythematous and necrotic reaction.
If this occurs it indicates that the person has no anti-toxin antibodies and is, therefore, susceptible to diphtheria.
Other Corynebacterium are part of the normal flora of the skin and URT.