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Cardiovascular Quiz

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  1. Cardiovascular Quiz Developed by: SorchaMcCaughley & Mark Brims Approved by: Gawain Hammond & Maureen Bain Supported by: The Chancellor’s Fund

  2. Cardiovascular Quiz START! Developed by: Sorcha McCaughley & Mark Brims Supported by: The Chancellor’s Fund

  3. Choose a region: • The Heart • Arteries & Veins

  4. The Heart • On this radiograph A, B, C, D = • L. Atrium, R. Atrium, R. Ventrical, L. Ventrical • R. Atrium, R. Ventrical, L. Ventrical, L. Atrium • L. Atrium, L. Ventrical, R. Ventrical, R. Atrium • L. Ventrical, R. Atrium, L. Atrium, R. Ventrical A D B C

  5.  Correct!  Well Done! This is the correct order. On a left lateral view, moving clockwise, the chambers of the heart are positioned: L. Atrium, L. Ventrical, R. Ventrical, R. Atrium. Now try Blood Vessel radiographs. LA RA LV RV

  6.  Incorrect Try Again!

  7. Arteries & Veins Do you want to view: Arteries Veins

  8. Arteries • You can now choose: Thoracic arteries Abdominal arteries

  9. Thoracic arteries a) What is Number 3? • Brachiocephalic Trunk • L. Subclavian a. • Superficial Cervical a. b) What is Number 6? • Common Carotid a. • Axillary a. • Vertebral a. c) Which is the Internal Thoracic Artery? • 9 • 10 10 9

  10.  Correct!  Well Done! This is the Brachiocephalic Trunk, it is the first branch of the Aortic arch. It then branches into the Left & Right Common Carotids and the Right Subclavian artery. Here is another example: Now try part b)

  11.  Incorrect  • No, this is not the Left Subclavian Artery! It is the second branch of the Aortic arch. • Here is the Left Subclavian(number 4): • Try again!

  12.  Incorrect  • No, this is not the Superficial Cervical artery! It supplies the ventral neck muscles, cranial shoulder and upper forelimb. • Here is the Superficial Cervical(number 7): • Try again!

  13.  Correct!  Well Done! This is the Vertebral Artery it branches from the Subclavian artery. Here is another example: Now try part c)

  14.  Incorrect  • No, this is not the Common Carotid artery! It branches from the Brachiocephalic trunk just before the Right Subclavian, and supplies the head. • Here are the Common Carotids(number 5): • Try again!

  15.  Incorrect  • No, this is not the Axillary Artery! It branches from the Subclavian artery and supplies the forelimb. • Here is the Axillary Artery(number 8): • Try again!

  16.  Correct!  • Well Done! This is the Internal Thoracic Artery. It is a branch of the Subclavian Artery and supplies the lateral chest wall. • Here is another example: • Back to: • Choose a Region • Arteries Page

  17.  Incorrect  • Number 10 is the Costocervical Artery. It supplies the dorsal cervical muscles of the neck. • Try again!

  18. Abdominal arteries • What is A? • Abdominal Aorta • Femoral a. • External Iliac a. b) What is B? • Internal Iliac a. • Deep Femoral a. • Lumbar a. c) What is C? • Coeliac a. • Caudal Mesenteric a. • Median Sacral a. d) What is D? • Internal Pudendal a. • Cranial Mesenteric a. • Saphenous a. B C D A

  19.  Incorrect  No! This is not the Abdominal Aorta. It ends at the point where it branches . This is shown by the red circle on the radiograph: everything cranial to this is the Abdominal Aorta. Try Again!

  20.  Incorrect  No! A is not the Femoral Artery. The Femoral Artery is the continuation of A. It is shown on the radiograph. Try Again!

  21.  Correct!  Well Done! This is the External Iliac Artery. It is one of the main branches of the Abdominal Aorta. Here is another example: Try part b)

  22.  Incorrect  No! B is not the Deep Femoral Artery. The Deep Femoral Artery is shown on the radiograph. It is a branch of the External Iliac. Try Again!

  23.  Incorrect  No! B is not the Lumbar Artery. There are several paired Lumbar Arteries running to the vertebral column. Try Again!

  24.  Correct!  Well Done! This is the Internal Iliac Artery. It is one of the main branches of the Abdominal Aorta, positioned proximaly to the External Iliac. Here is another example: Try part c)

  25. This is not the Caudal Mesenteric Artery. It is located much more caudal to this and is not easily seen on the example shown.  Incorrect Try Again!

  26. This is not the Median Sacral Artery. It is located between the Left & Right Internal Iliac Arteries. It is not easily seen on the radiograph shown.  Incorrect Try Again!

  27.  Correct!  Yes! This is the CoeliacArtery. It supplies the liver, stomach, spleen and pancreas, as well as part of the Duodenum. Here is another example: Try part d)

  28. This is not the Internal Pudendal Artery. It is a branch of the Internal Iliac artery. It is not visible on the radiograph shown.  Incorrect Try Again!

  29. This is not the Saphenous Artery. It is a branch of the Femoral Artery, located distal to the part of the Femoral Artery shown.  Incorrect Try Again!

  30.  Correct!  • Yes! This is the Cranial Mesenteric Artery. It supplies the pancreas, cd. Duodenum, jejunum, ileum, caecum and most of the colon. • Here is another example: • Back to: • Choose a Region • Arteries Page

  31. Veins The radiograph shown is of the canine venous system as it enters the heart. • What is A? • Pulmonary Vein • Cr. Vena Cava • Coronary Vein • What is B? • Subclavian Vein • Femoral Vein • Cephalic Vein • What is C? • Common Carotid a. • Jugular Vein • Maxillary Vein • What is D? • Aortic Arch • Vertebral Vein • Cd. Vena Cava B A D Heart C

  32.  Correct!  Yes, this is the Cranial Vena Cava! It is the main vessel entering the heart from a cranial direction. Here is a lateral view: Try part B

  33. This is not the Pulmonary Vein. It runs from the lungs to the left atrium of the heart; it cannot be distinguished on this x-ray.  Incorrect Try Again!

  34. This is not the Coronary Vein. The coronary veins return blood from the myocardium (muscle of the heart) to the right atrium. They are located within the heart itself.  Incorrect Try Again!

  35.  Correct!  Yes, this is the Subclavian Vein! It is the first branch of the Cr. Vena Cava and divides into the Axillary and Brachial Veins to supply the forelimb. Try part C

  36. This is not the Femoral Vein. It is a branch of the External Iliac Vein and is located in the hindlimb.  Incorrect Try Again!

  37. This is not the Cephalic Vein. It is formed more distally than this and is positioned on the cranial aspect of the forelimb. It cannot be seen on this radiograph.  Incorrect Try Again!

  38.  Correct!  Yes, this is the Jugular Vein! It is the main vessel supplying the Cr. Vena Cava. Here is a lateral view: Try part D

  39.  Incorrect  No, this is not the Common Carotid artery! Contrast has only entered the venous system, arteries cannot be seen. Here is an example of the Common Carotid: It is notably thinner than the corresponding veins as it is more muscular. Try Again!

  40.  Incorrect  No, this is not the Maxillary Vein! It is one of the cranial vessels which contributes to vein C. It is shown here: Try Again!

  41.  Correct!  • Yes, this is the Caudal Vena Cava! It is the main vessel returning blood to the right atrium from a caudal direction. • Here is a lateral view: • Back to: • Choose a Region • Arteries & Veins page

  42.  Incorrect  No, this is not the Aortic Arch! Contrast has only entered the venous system, arteries cannot be seen. Here is an example of the Aortic Arch: It leaves the heart cranially and arches back caudally. Try Again!

  43.  Incorrect  No, this is not the Vertebral Vein! Vetebral Veins are much thinner than this vessel. This is a major vessel. Try Again!