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October 12, 1998
STOCKHOLM, Sweden (CNN) -- Three U.S. scientists whose work going back decades led to the use of the wildly popular Viagra anti-impotence drug won a Nobel Prize on Monday. They discovered that the body uses nitric oxide to regulate blood vessels, a finding that helped in developing Viagra.
The discovery about nitric oxide -- a colorless gas long considered just an air pollutant -- also has applications for treating conditions ranging from heart disease to shock.
The winners. The $978,000 prize for the category "physiology and medicine" is awarded by Sweden's Karolinska Institute. This year's awards is divided equally among the three pharmacologists:
Robert Furchgott, 82, does his work at the State University of New York in Brooklyn. "I'm very pleased,“ he said at his Long Island home. "I truly wasn't sure I'd ever get an award like this. I wasn't sure that I deserved it."
Zouis Ignarro , 57, is a professor at the University of California-Los Angeles. His wife, Dr. Sharon Williams, said her husband is "thrilled" and "very surprised." Ignarro was traveling in Europe when he received the news.
Ferid Murad, 62, is a researcher at the University of Texas Medical School in Houston and formerly did work at the University of Virginia. Having worked independently of the other two winners, he called the announcement "a delightful surprise." ( 498 K/ 8 sec. AIFF or WAV sound)
Murad discovered in 1977 that nitroglycerin and similar substances releasenitric oxide, which relaxes smooth muscle cells.
The Associated Press and Reuters contributed to this report.
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r-e-a-l-l-y comfortable all day long and they’re amazingly versatile
So says Kim Gille, our Workflow Coordinator. She's been testing these Women's Athletic Slides on the job and elsewhere for a couple months now. "And the uppers are longer than on most slides, so they stay on your feet. Plus one other thing — you know how your feet change size over the course of a day? See these little elastic gores? Never too tight, never too loose."
Yes, it's true that Lands' End pays Kim. But not to praise our shoes.