Mexico. 1200BCE-1521CE - Olmec the Maya and the Aztecs dominate Mexican region 1519 -Spanish arrive in Mexico 1521 - Aztec Capital Falls to Hernan Cortez and his Native allies 1521-1810 - Mexico becomes the Largest Spanish colony in the World. Origins of Modern Day Mexico.
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1200BCE-1521CE- Olmec the Maya and the Aztecs dominate Mexican region
1519-Spanish arrive in Mexico
1521- Aztec Capital Falls to Hernan Cortez and his Native allies
1521-1810- Mexico becomes the Largest Spanish colony in the WorldOrigins of Modern Day Mexico
1821- Mexico is officially recognized as an independent nation
1821- 1836- Unstable government marked by constant turmoil
1848- Santa Ana led forces loose Mexican-American War
1860’s- Military occupation by the FrenchAn Independent Mexico
1867- The French are expelled
1913- Civil wars end, and Venustiano Carranza takes powerModern Mexico
-Mexico is bound to the north by the US(California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas)
-Bound to south and west by the Pacific Ocean
-Bound to the east by the Gulf of Mexico
-Bound by the southeast by Belize, Guatemala and the Caribbean Sea
-shares a border of 3,141 km with the US
Mexico is divided into multiple regions according to landscape and elevation. These include the central plateau, Pacific Lowlands, Gulf Coast plains, Yucatan Peninsula, Southern Highland, Chiapas Highlands and the Baja California Peninsula.
The central plateau is characterized by Sierra Madre Occidental in the west and the Sierra Madre Oriental in the east.
Terrain- rugged mountains; low coastal plains; high plateaus; desert
The Grande de Santiago and the Lerma rivers together form the the largest and most important river system and are an important source of hydroelectric power
The Rio Bravo(known as the Rio Grande in the US) is the border between the US and Mexico and provide water for irrigation for both countries
- Lowest point is Laguna Salada at -10 Meters
Mexico is located on top of 3 tectonic plates causing it to experience a high degree of seismic activity
Tsunamis- located along the pacific coast
Volcanoes & Earthquakes- located in the center and south
Hurricanes- located in the gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coasts.
Because Spain had the most control over Mexico, Spanish became the dominant language of the country
80 percent speak both Spanish and another indigenous language
Income per Capita: $7,130 USD.
GDP: 1.134 Trilion USD (Purchase Power Parity)
Gini Index: 49.5
Human Development Index: 82.1
Drug Tourism Experience Tourism
*3 year terms
*6 year terms
lobbyists, interest groups not common
Ability to change laws is limited
Vicente Fox agreements, most notably, NAFTA
Protests after the 2006 election in support of Lopez Obrador agreements, most notably, NAFTA
of Mexico is “Nuestra
Senora de Guadlupe,”
who first appeared in 1531.