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CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION. First meeting of the Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution Brussels, 1 – 3 June 2005. Keith Bull UNECE secretariat. UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE. THE SECRETARIAT

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CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION

First meeting of the

Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution

Brussels, 1 – 3 June 2005

Keith Bull

UNECE secretariat

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

slide2
THE SECRETARIAT

The Executive Secretary of UNECE, under article 11 of the Convention, carries out the functions of the secretariat for the Convention’s Executive Body.

UNECE staff perform the day-to-day functions to support the Convention

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

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CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION

The Convention and its Protocols

  • The Convention was adopted in 1979
  • It is a framework on which has been built eight Protocols – all now in force (since 17 May 2005)
  • The Protocols have aimed to increase ambition levels in a stepwise manner
slide4
INFORMATION ON THE CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANSBOUNDAR AIR POLLUTION
  • The website – www.unece.org/env/lrtap
  • The brochure – prepared for the 25th anniversary
  • The Handbook – treaty texts, Executive Body decisions, other information
  • The history book – “Clearing the Air” prepared for the anniversary
  • The newsletter – also “Clearing the Air” started in 2005

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

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Executive Body

Implementation Committee

Working Groupon Effects

EMEP Steering Body

Working Group onStrategies and Review

ICP Forests Task Force

Programme Coordinating Centre

Task Force onEmission Inventoriesand Projections

Expert Group on Ammonia Abatement

ICPIntegrated Monitoring Task Force

Task Force on Heavy Metals

Task Force onMeasurement and Modelling

Programme Centre

ICP Modelling and Mapping Task Force

Coordination Center for Effects

Chemical Coordinating Centre

Network of Experts on Benefits and Economic Instruments

Meteorological Synthesizing Centre-West

ICP Materials Task Force

Main Research Centre

Expert Group on Techno-economic Issues

Meteorological Synthesizing Centre-East

ICP Vegetation Task Force

Programme Centre

Task Forceon POPs

Task Force on Integrated Assessment Modelling

ICP Waters Task Force

Programme Centre

Centre for Integrated Assessment Modelling

Expert Group on Particulate Matter

Task Force Health

Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution

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Kara Sea

Kara Sea

Barents Sea

Barents Sea

Kara Sea

Kara Sea

Barents Sea

Barents Sea

Artic Ocean

Artic Ocean

Artic Ocean

Artic Ocean

Canada

Canada

Canada

Canada

Iceland

Iceland

Iceland

Iceland

Pacific Ocean

Pacific Ocean

Pacific Ocean

Pacific Ocean

Finland

Finland

of America

of America

Finland

Finland

North Sea

North Sea

North Sea

North Sea

of America

of America

Atlantic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Norway

Norway

Sweden

Sweden

Norway

Norway

Sweden

Sweden

Russian Federation

Russian Federation

Russian Federation

Russian Federation

Estonia

Estonia

Estonia

Estonia

Latvia

Latvia

Latvia

Latvia

Lithuania

Lithuania

Denmark

Denmark

Lithuania

Lithuania

Denmark

Denmark

Ireland

Ireland

Belarus

Belarus

Ireland

Ireland

Belarus

Belarus

United

United

United

United

Poland

Poland

Poland

Poland

Kingdom

Kingdom

Netherlands

Netherlands

Kingdom

Kingdom

Netherlands

Netherlands

Germany

Germany

Germany

Germany

Belgium

Belgium

Belgium

Belgium

Ukraine

Ukraine

Czech Rep.

Czech Rep.

Ukraine

Ukraine

Czech Rep.

Czech Rep.

Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Slovakia

Slovakia

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

Slovakia

Slovakia

Austria

Austria

Austria

Austria

Hungary

Hungary

Moldova

Moldova

France

France

Hungary

Hungary

Moldova

Moldova

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

France

France

Liechtenstein

Liechtenstein

Switzerland

Switzerland

Switzerland

Switzerland

Aral

Aral

Aral

Aral

Atlantic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Slovenia

Slovenia

Romania

Romania

Atlantic Ocean

Atlantic Ocean

Slovenia

Slovenia

Romania

Romania

Sea

Sea

Sea

Sea

Croatia

Croatia

Croatia

Croatia

Bosnia and

Bosnia and

Bosnia and

Bosnia and

Yugoslavia

Yugoslavia

Monaco

Monaco

Herzegovina

Herzegovina

Yugoslavia

Yugoslavia

Monaco

Monaco

Herzegovina

Herzegovina

Black Sea

Black Sea

Black Sea

Black Sea

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan

Caspian

Caspian

Caspian

Caspian

Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Bulgaria

Georgia

Georgia

Georgia

Georgia

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan

Sea

Sea

Sea

Sea

F.Y.R.of

F.Y.R.of

Italy

Italy

F.Y.R.of

F.Y.R.of

Italy

Italy

Albania

Albania

Macedonia

Macedonia

Albania

Albania

Macedonia

Macedonia

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

Armenia

Armenia

Armenia

Armenia

Spain

Spain

Spain

Spain

Greece

Greece

Greece

Greece

Turkey

Turkey

Turkey

Turkey

Portugal

Portugal

Portugal

Portugal

Malta

Malta

Malta

Malta

Cyprus

Cyprus

Mediterranean Sea

Mediterranean Sea

Cyprus

Cyprus

Mediterranean Sea

Mediterranean Sea

CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE

TRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION

49 Parties in Europe, North America and Central Asia

THE CONVENTION ON LONG-RANGE TRANSBOUNDARY AIR POLLUTION 49 Parties in Europe, North America and Central Asia

slide9
TASK FORCE ON HEMISPHERIC TRANSPORT
  • HISTORY
  • Earlier workshops under the Convention (Pallisades, Bad Breisig)
  • Awareness that “background” concentrations of ozone have been increasing
  • Gothenburg workshop (2004) discussed future priorities for the Convention – identified hemispheric transport for further study
  • Executive Body for the Convention decided, December 2004 (decision 2004/3), to establish the Task Force

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

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A NEW TYPE OF TASK FORCE……….
  • Covering pollutant transport within and outside the UNECE region
  • Additional invited participants from outside the UNECE region ……. BUT…….
  • Remember this is a scientific Task Force (reports to the EMEP Steering Body) and operates like other Task Forces under the Convention
  • It has advantages over workshops – a continuing workplan and membership

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

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TF ON HEMISPHERIC TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTION

The Task Force was established under the leadership of the United States and the European Community

The lead Parties appoint Chairs of the Task Force and are principally responsible for coordinating its work, organizing meetings, communicating with experts and for activities associated with the workplan (adopted by the Executive Body)

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

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TF ON HEMISPHERIC TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTION
  • Experts participating are:
  • Nominated by Parties to the Convention;
  • Representatives of intergovernmental organizations (IGOs) and accredited non-governmental organizations (NGOs);
  • Representatives of other bodies and centres under the Convention;
  • Invited by the Co-Chairs;
  • Nominated by non-Parties.

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

tf on hemispheric transport of air pollution
TF ON HEMISPHERIC TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTION

The Task Force is not a “decision-making” body - it is a group of experts.

It reports its conclusions and recommendations to the EMEP Steering Body, which is one of the two main scientific bodies under the Convention

It reports through its Co-Chairs who, together with the secretariat, are responsible for preparing and presenting the report (NB Minority views can be reported).

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

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TF ON HEMISPHERIC TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTION

As well as reporting conclusions and recommendations the Task Force should submit a draft workplan to the EMEP Steering Body. The Steering Body submits its plan (including that of the Task Force) to the Executive Body for approval.

The Executive Body is the decision-making body for the Convention. It agrees the Convention’s workplan, budget, etc annually, as well as adopting decisions and, on occasions, protocols

UNITED NATIONS ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE

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THE CO-CHAIRS REPORT TO THE EMEP STEERING BODY
  • A short report (2000-3000 words) consistent with the Secretary-General’s 2004 guidelines
  • Avoiding summaries (presentations can be placed on web site) lengthy discussions and repetition
  • Should be action orientated – focus on conclusions (new developments/findings) and recommendations and decisions
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