EXPLORING Chinese Cultures and American Cultures. Myriam Met firstname.lastname@example.org.
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EXPLORINGChinese Cultures and American Cultures Myriam Met email@example.com
“…the values that are most important in the West are least important worldwide.”Harry C. Triandis, the New York Times, as quoted by Samuel Huntington. 1993. “The Clash of Civilizations.” Foreign Affairs Vol. 72, No. 3. p. 41
Culture: Who are we? Who am I? • Who is an American? • What does it mean to be American? • Who is Chinese? • What does it mean to be Chinese?
How Culture Shapes Us • EXPLICIT TRANSMISSIONS: those behaviors which are spoken (e.g. “stick to your own kind, “family first”, wearing of colors, use of language) • TACIT TRANSMISSIONS: those behaviors which are hidden or unspoken and at times, unknown (e.g. communication patterns, ordering at a restaurant)
Multilingual Intercultural Multicultural Mono-cultural Monolingual
Teaching Culture • Culture and Language • Culture in language
National Standards for Foreign Language Learning Products Practices Perspectives
Deciding What To Teach • How do we choose what are our students need to know? What do they need to be able to do? • What is most important? Least important? • In what order should we teach these objectives? • How will we know when our students have ‘arrived’?
Start With The Eyes? • Becoming an observer • Analyzing, understanding, and validating
Start With The Eyes? • Same form, different meaning • Different form, same meaning • Same form, same meaning: different distribution
Practices: Chinese and US • Greetings • Names • Smiling and joking • Touching • Meal customs • Celebrations
Practices: Gifts • When do we give gifts? • To whom? • What’s an appropriate gift? • What do you do when you receive a gift?
What’s a perspective? • Value, attitude or belief • Sacred norm—a given, so deeply ingrained that we take it for granted as the ‘natural order of things’ • A lens or filter
Language, Culture, and Perspectives • Home • Friend • Work/Leisure • Thank you
Language and PerspectivesWhat’s a lucky number?What’s an unlucky number? 4 6 8 13 18
Giving Compliments • What’s a compliment? • Who gives compliments to whom? • What is an appropriate response?
Public and Private Emotions Where or when is it ok to display the emotions below? anger, happiness, grief, fear, disgust, surprise, disappointment
Individualist Independent work Individual effort personal success Collectivist Focus on group goals Work in groups or teams Attribute success to the group Avoid confrontation Use indirect forms of commands/requests Cultural Perspectives:School and Workplace