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The Styles of the Enlightenment 1750 – 1820 Rococo Bourgeois Neo-Classical The Enlightenment ?1688-1789? 1688 – “Glorious Revolution” in England 1789 – French Revolution A radical movement in philosophy – atheist or deist Rationalist with an Ancient Roman flair

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the styles of the enlightenment
The Styles of the Enlightenment

1750 – 1820

Rococo

Bourgeois

Neo-Classical

the enlightenment 1688 1789
The Enlightenment?1688-1789?
  • 1688 – “Glorious Revolution” in England
  • 1789 – French Revolution
  • A radical movement in philosophy –
  • atheist or deist
  • Rationalist with an Ancient Roman flair
  • An age of CRITICISM: “religion is superstition”
  • ideas not always reflected in all of the arts
sapere aude
Sapere aude!

“DARE TO KNOW!” – Kant (don’t just “believe”)

“Every sensible man, every honorable man, must hold the Christian sect in horror.” – Voltaire

quotes from pp. 296, 295

rococo
ROCOCO

The softer side of Baroque (or a reaction against it)

ornamental

sentimental

sensuous

(trivial)

Audience? ARISTOCRACY

boucher
Boucher

“His canvases often seem to consist of little beyond mounds of pink flesh . . .”

the bourgeois style genre painting
The Bourgeois Style: Genre Painting

Art for the earnest middle classes

(and the aristocracy, too)

slide16

Genre painting –

A type of painting showing scenes from everyday life and surroundings.

The term also refers to the various types of subject matter: history, portraiture, landscape, still life, and flower painting. (Thus “genre painting” is a genre of painting!)

See glossary.

jean baptiste simeon chardin 1699 1779 self portrait 1771 pastel
Jean-Baptiste-Simeon Chardin(1699-1779) self-portrait, 1771, pastel

"We use colors, but we paint with our feelings."

chardin the prayer before meal 1744 oil on canvas 50 x 38 5 cm
Chardin The Prayer before Meal1744, Oil on canvas, 50 x 38.5 cm
  • charm
  • simplicity
  • subtle moralizing tone

not in text; compare fig. 11.15, p. 307

slide20

CHARDIN, Jean Baptiste SimeonThe Silver Goblet13 x 16 1/4" (33 x 41 cm)The Silver Tureenc. 1728 30 x 42 1/2 in.A "Lean Diet" with Cooking Utensilsaka The Meat-day Meal1731

hogarth william gin lane 1750 etching and engraving 14 1 16 x 11 3 4 in
Hogarth, WilliamGin Lane1750Etching and engraving14 1/16 x 11 3/4 in

MORALIZING

Compare to p. 318,

The Marriage Contract

marie elisabeth louise vig e lebrun self portrait with daughter c 1798
Marie-Elisabeth-LouiseVigée-LebrunSelf-Portrait with Daughterc. 1798

Aristocratic patrons

Neo-Greek

Neo-Renaissance

Sentimental

KEY IMAGE p. 302