The Distance-related Heavy Vehicle Fee (HVF) in Switzerland - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Distance-related Heavy Vehicle Fee (HVF) in Switzerland

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  1. The Distance-related Heavy Vehicle Fee (HVF) in Switzerland Matthias H. Rapp March 5 2004

  2. UK LRUCall roads (planned) HGV Toll on Motorways Start 1.1.2005 HVF area chargingsince 1.1.2001 HV Toll on Motorways since 1.1.2004 Motorway Tolls for LV and HV since beginning Heavy Vehicles Tolling in Europe

  3. 4000 Growth without LSVA 3000 Million of kilometres 2000 40 t limit 28 t weight limit 34 t limit 1000 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 2013 Increasing HGV traffic volumes lead to chronic congestion on the North-South routes

  4. Swiss HVF is embedded in national transportation policy • Internalisation of external costs of freight transport • Financing the new railway tunnels • Keep rail goods transport competitive • Limit the expected traffic increasewhen the national truck weight limit rises from 28t to 40t

  5. Fee Distance travelled on Swiss roads Highest authorised weight Tariff depending on emission values = x x Fee Parameters All trucks > 3.5 t subject to fee Driving more means paying more Empty vehicle costs same as loaded vehicle Trailer is taken into account separately Replaces the previous flat Heavy Vehicle Fee Standard 34t truck: 0.47 $ / km

  6. 100 equippedborder stations 12’000 entries per day 55’000 domestic vehicles 12’000 exits per day Swiss HVF System Size

  7. HVF Recording Tools Domestic vehicles Foreignvehicles Mandatory equipped with: Voluntarily equipped with: On Board Unit On Board Unit In approved exceptional cases: In principle using: TAG ID-Card & Self-service Machine Log-Book & Tag

  8. DSRC and GPS antennas Tachograph ChipcardReader Keyboard 3 Display 05 7 2 8 4 Swiss HVF On-board Unit

  9. 55 000 Vehicles equipped with Swiss OBU Display and covered Keyboard Outside Compliance Indicator Lights

  10. Border Crossings Recorded with DSRC Dedicated Short Range Communication • 5.8 GHz DSRC technologyaccording to CEN Standards • Swiss vehicles: Switch from “km counting on” to “km counting off” • Foreign vehicles:Read out of accumulated logfile data

  11. RecordedTrip Data Mail Vehicle Owner DeclarationChipcard CentralSystem On-board unit Modem/Internet Billing Procedure • Monthly read-out of the trip data • Declare (=send) the data to the billing centre • The billing centre invoices the owner

  12. Procedure for Foreign Vehicles without OBU FIRST ENTRY INTO SWITZERLAND: - registration of vehicle data - ID-Card is issued ON ENTRY Self-service machine: - identification with ID-Card - declaration of kilometre reading and trailer status - choice of payment means - receipt with declaration ON EXIT (without leaving vehicle) - declaration of kilometre reading - signature - random check of declaration 24‘798 J. Doe

  13. HVF Enforcement Gantry Vehicle classification DSRC Communication Automatic Number Plate reading

  14. ETC System Costs • On Board Unit Procurement cost 900 $ / unit(OBU issued at no cost to HGV owners) Installation approx. 250 $ / unit • Investments of Swiss Government Road side equipment and background system 120 M $ Cost of OBUs 70 M $ Operating costs per year 18 M $ • Personnel requirements 120 staff • Total collection costs 5 - 7 % of revenue

  15. Impacts of Swiss HVF • Fleet Adaptation • Replacement of high-emission trucks • More specialised vehicles (e.g. lighter trucks for light goods) • More efficient haulage industry • Mergers / co-operation in transport industry • Freight and Fleet Management • HGV traffic growth: Trend reversed • Little change in routes; no detour traffic • Some indication for modal shift (combined transport) • No effect on consumer prices • HVF used to justify transport price increase • Little influence on consumer prices

  16. Trend of HGV Traffic Growth is reversed Growth rate of heavy vehicles traffic 125% 120% with HVF 115% without HVF changes in % (19997 = 100) 115% 105% 100% 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Motorways Other roads

  17. Swiss HVF is a success story • A completely new type of fee collection system • Major progress towards fair and efficient road charging • Low investment and operational costs • HVF has been working from the very beginning