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Sainte-Chapelle. Elizabeth Anderson. History…. Sainte-Chapelle was built by King Louis IX in 1246 to hold the crown of thorns worn by Jesus Christ during his crucifixion and part of the True Cross. It also houses other relics from both the Old and New Testament.

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sainte chapelle

Sainte-Chapelle

Elizabeth Anderson

history
History…
  • Sainte-Chapelle was built by King Louis IX in 1246 to hold the crown of thorns worn by Jesus Christ during his crucifixion and part of the True Cross.
  • It also houses other relics from both the Old and New Testament.
slide3
Louis purchased these in 1239 from the Byzantine emperor Baldwin II, for the amount of 135,000 livres. The chapel itself only cost 40,000 livres to build.
  • The idea behind Saint Louis’ purchase was to elevate the Kingdom of France to be the leader of Western Christianity.
  • Construction was completed in 2 years and the day after completion, the upper chapel was consecrated by the Pope’s legate and the lower chapel was dedicated to the Virgin Mary.
the upper chapel
The Upper Chapel
  • Sainte-Chapelle is famous for its stained glass windows, which basically surround the whole upper floor.
  • The upper floor was reserved for the king, his close friends and family, and for displaying the religious relics.
  • Of all the statues decorating the upper chapel, those of the Twelves Apostles are the most incredible.
the lower chapel
The Lower Chapel
  • The Lower Chapel holds a statue of the Virgin Mary, to whom the lower floor is dedicated.
  • The walls are decorated with arcades and twelve medallions that represent the Apostles.
  • The ceiling is painted to represent the heavens and the floor contains tombstones of former treasurers and reverends of the chapel.
  • During the time of the French monarchy, the lower chapel was reserved for chapel staff.
slide6
Sainte-Chapelle was damaged by fire in 1630 and 1776.
  • The stained glass windows of the lower chapel were taken out following a flood in 1690.
  • Suffered considerable damaged during the French revolution and many of the religious artifacts were taken from the chapel; statues actually remained in tact
  • Greatly restored; some relics recovered—some now in Notre Dame Cathedral
stained glass
Stained Glass
  • 2/3 are original works
  • Depict entire biblical story of humans
  • Removed during World War II in anticipation of the invasion of Paris
  • Replaced following the war
works cited
Works Cited
  • www.parisdigest.com/monument/saintechapelle
  • www.harris-interiors.co.uk
  • http://www.herodote.net/Images/SainteChapelle.jpg
  • http://www.discoverfrance.net/France/Cathedrals/Paris/Sainte-Chapelle.shtml
  • http://bryan.parno.net/paris/big/P1010019-Sainte-Chapelle.jpg
  • architecture.relig.free.fr/ chapelle1.htm