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Global Nuclear Future Initiative (GNFI) 7 Laboratory Director Driven: 1997 Global Nuclear Energy Initiative (GNEI) Department/Laboratory integration Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) Administration’s vision Nuclear Energy Future UCOP Workshop By Dana C. Christensen 9 February 2006

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nuclear energy future

Global Nuclear Future Initiative (GNFI)7 Laboratory Director Driven: 1997Global Nuclear Energy Initiative (GNEI)Department/Laboratory integrationGlobal Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP)Administration’s vision

Nuclear Energy

Future

UCOP Workshop

By

Dana C. Christensen

9 February 2006

doe announces new nuclear initiative
“DOE Announces New Nuclear Initiative”*
  • FY07 Request of $250M for GNEP
  • Enable expansion of nuclear energy worldwide by demonstrating and deploying new technologies to recycle nuclear fuel, minimize waste, improve nuclear material management.
  • 7 elements
    • New generation of nuclear power in the US
    • New nuclear recycling technologies
    • Manage and store spent nuclear fuel in the US
    • Design advanced burner reactors for recycling nuclear fuel
    • Establish international fuel services program
    • Develop small scale reactors for developing countries
    • Improve safeguards to enhance proliferation resistance and safety

*Secretary of Energy Samuel Bodman, 6 Feb 2006 press release

gnep strategic vision
GNEP Strategic Vision
  • Vision – In 50 years
    • Nuclear Power > 30% of U.S. and world electricity
      • Economic Development ~ electricity growth
      • Climate Change/Pollution
      • Energy Security
    • Effective International proliferation regime
      • Fuel Cycle States & Reactor States
    • U.S. Leader in Nuclear Enterprise
      • International Partnerships
  • Central Themes
    • Close fuel cycle (recycle)
      • Spent Fuel an Asset
    • Reliable International Fuel Services
      • Fuel Cycle~ nuclear weapon
        • Separated Plutonium

Advanced Nuc.

Technology is

Central to success

Effective and Advanced

Safeguards is central to

Success!!

gnep strategic plan
GNEP Strategic Plan
  • Stimulate U.S. Nuclear Power Restart (Industry)
      • Risk reduction & production tax credits for early entrants

(2005 Energy Bill, NP 2010)

  • Early Recycle Demonstrations (DOE/NE)
      • Separation of spent fuel
      • Advanced (Fast)Burner Reactor (ABR) for transmutation
  • Waste Management (DOE/OCRWM)
      • Early transfer of SNF
      • Interim Storage
      • Reconfigure Yucca Mountain from Spent Fuel to Waste
  • Robust R&D (DOE/SC-NNSA)
      • International Partners
      • Science and Technology Infrastructure
  • Support Reliable Fuel Services Regime (Interagency)
      • Early Agreements
      • Fuel Bank
      • Small Secure Reactor
      • Advanced Safeguards

Accelerate/modify

AFCI & Gen 4

Requires rewrite of

NWPA

Engagement needed

Requires agreement on

Modernized governance

Regime

Success requires close coordination and interaction between

Each of the players. Commitments need to be established.

gnep basis
GNEP Basis
  • A comprehensive approach to:
    • Expansion of Nuclear Power
    • Disposition of Waste
    • Proliferation resistance
  • Why now?
    • Awakening need (globally/domestically)
      • Climate change
      • Energy Security & Stability
      • Spent Fuel Quandary
      • MOX disposition quandary
    • Political leadership
    • Available (if immature) technology
    • Decaying U.S. nuc. intellectual Infrastructure
  • International (global problem)
  • U.S leadership essential
slide6

GNEP Approach to Spent Fuel Management Involves Spent Fuel Recycle and Transmutation in Fast Reactors to Eliminate Actinides

Uranium Mining,Enrichment, Fuel Fabrication

Fast Spectrum Transmutation Burner Reactors

Light Water Reactors

Transmutation

Fuel Fabrication

Spent

Fuel

Slightly EnrichedUranium

Reprocessing

Plutonium,HigherActinides

UREX+ Reprocessing

  • Each GW-thermal of Fast Spectrum Transmuters support:
  • 4 GW-thermal of LWRs if there is no recycle in LWRs
  • 7 to 9 GW-thermal of LWRs if there is recycle in LWRs

Fission ProductsTrace Actinides

Repository

Closed

Fuel Cycle

gnep is initially focused on new construction efforts
GNEP is initially focused on new construction efforts
  • Engineering Scale Demonstration (ESD):
    • Re-fit F-Canyon at Savannah River Plant to incorporate UREX+ flowsheet
  • Build sodium cooled fast spectrum reactor for Actinide Burning (ABR)
  • Build an Advanced Fuel

Cycle Facility (AFCF)

4. Build an Advanced

Simulation Laboratory

  • NEPA

6. Small Reactor

7. NGNP

Remove the Actinides

slide10

S-1

NRC

Licensing Support

(SNL)

S-3’s ??

S-2

Steering committee: Vic Reis, L. Brown

Miotla, Herczeg, NE-1, SC-1, RW-1, NNSA

RW

NE

SC

NNSA

GNEI Liaison

Internat’l

Cooperation

GNEI Tech

Prog Off.

Lab r&D

Applied

GNEI

CPM

AFCI R&D

Savage

?

FPD

?

UREX

Brezee

UREX

Laidler

FPD

?

ESD

Griffith

CPM

Support

ABR

Goldner

ABR

Finck

FPD

?

ABR

Wheeler

Procurement

NE-20

AFCF

Savage

AFCF

?

FPD

?

AFCF

TBD

NEPA

Small Reac.

Phillips

SR

?

FPD

?

SR

TBD

NRC

Gen IV

NHI

NERI

AFCI R&D

Savage

Simulation

Lab ?

Mod & Sim

Passameh.

FPD

?

Sim Lab

TBD

PM

CD-0

CD-1

CD-2

CD-3/4

slide11

GNEI Tech

Prog Off

Lab R&D

GNEI CPM

NE-20

NNSA

RW

SC

AFCI R&D

ESD

UREX

UREX

FPD

UREX R&D

ABR

ABR R&D

FPD

ABR

AFCF R&D

AFCF

FPD

AFCF

NE Research Agenda

Safeguards & Security R&D agenda

SC fundamental R&D agenda

SR R&D

SR

FPD

SR

Inter-agency agenda, DoS, NRC,?

RW R&D agenda

Sim Lab

SIM LAB

FPD

Sim Lab

YMP

YMP

FPD

YMP

CD-1

CD-0

CD-2

CD-3

CD-4

Integration of R&D agendas

Is needed now!

Construction Managed Process DOE O 413

key technical questions essential to success the integrated r d program must focus here
Key Technical Questions essential to success!The integrated R&D program must focus here.
  • Proliferation Resistance: Can a system be implemented that will assure management and accountability of nuclear materials?
    • Chemistry alone cannot do this!
    • New Intrinsic and Extrinsic approaches must become an integrated system for safeguards
  • Transmutation: Can we rapidly fabricate and qualify a fuel suitable to achieve actinide transmutation?
    • We must increase the transmutation efficiency in fast reactors
  • Separations: Can we efficiently separate actinides without discretely separating Pu?
    • We need a separation factor of 99.9% to make this reasonable
  • Waste: Can we rapidly qualify interim storage. New waste forms will emerge
  • Reactors: Fast reactors initially for transmutation demonstration. Eventually we need high power efficiency reactors, can we demonstrate 600-1000 C outlet temp?
    • Increase energy production efficiency by a factor of 2
    • Hydrogen production
    • Pu disposition
  • Others: economics, safety, public acceptance, ???
key questions for today
Key questions for today
  • Does the UC have intellectual strength in the areas of interest to the GNEP?
  • Does the UC have state-of-the-art facilities that could be used to contribute?
  • Are there Students currently working in the areas?
  • Which Universities/Laboratories represent the core capability?
  • Are there ongoing programmatic activities that could be leveraged (Office of Science, NSF, DOE/NE UNERI, etc.)
  • Does any area represent an opportunity to the University?  If so, how best do we prepare a strategy (follow-on workshop, call a meeting of interested individuals, etc.)

Outcome of the meeting is an agreed strategy

To position the University Campuses and Laboratories

To team in obtaining tasks critical to GNEP