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Innovation Strategy and Regional Innovation Systems The Agro-food system in Emilia-Romagna Claudia Degli Esposti Head of the Regional Marketing Unit The Agro-Food Industry as Engine for Growth and Wealth in Africa 18 - 20 June 2008 * FAO Headquarters * Rome, Italy Summary
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and Regional Innovation Systems
The Agro-food system in Emilia-Romagna
Claudia Degli Esposti
Head of the Regional Marketing Unit
The Agro-Food Industry as Engine
for Growth and Wealth in Africa
18 - 20 June 2008 * FAO Headquarters * Rome, Italy
specialized human resources
learning from closes interaction with customers or suppliers
knowledge local advisory centres, training centres, etc.
The ID’s model of development is widely studied in literature for its economic performances. At European level the concept is more known as cluster, even if this concept is more related with technological and innovation issues. In last years high tech clusters creation is considered an important strategy for the competitiveness of the advanced regionsThe Industrial district concept
TWO COMPLEMENTARY APPROACHES:
Dense network of relationships among socio-economic players (companies, intermediaries, local authorities) inside a specific territorial area
80s:Policy of“Real services”
From 2003:Re-positioning “Regional Law n. 5”
is a corporation established in 1974 as a limited company by the Emilia Romagna Regional Government.
Its mission is focused on ensuring a technical support to regional development policies devoted to social, economic and territorial valorisation favouring cooperation processes and resources integration
in the Regional System
EMILIA - ROMAGNA REGIONAL
NETWORK FOR INDUSTRIAL
in the Agro-food Industry
Competitiveness of companies in agriculture, credit for companies investing in agriculture, environmental and rural space, quality of life and diversification of activities
The Regional Operative Programme (ERDF), the Regional Programme for Research and Transfer of Technology (PRITT), Three Yearly Programme for productive activities.
Company competitiveness and innovation, company-research centres and university projects, energy and environmental innovation, support to the Regional Network for research and technological transfer, creation of Technopoles, eco-sustainable tourism
Special Territorial Programmes
Negotiated programmes with local players, some of them targeted at agro-food cluster promotion (ex. in the Basso Ferrarese area)
The Regional Policies are targeted both at companies and playersin innovation
and eating habits
between tradition and innovation:
a general outlook
of agro-food system
Horizontal Activities for All Clusters and Specific for Agro-food
Horizontal Activities for All Clusters and Not Specific for Agro-food
Specific for agro-food
Not only do we have small companies operating in the region, but we also have the sizeable presence of medium and large sized businesses in the territory
Source: “Register of companies – Chamber of Commerce”
agriculture and food-industry
The development of Ids or clusters has to be based on the local resources and specializations and to the local context. The diversification of interconnected clusters can be a key issues.
The factors that appear central to the successful development of this type of industrial cooperation are the networks and partnerships, the strong base of skills, the innovation and the capacity for R&D.
The networks and the partnerships (public and private) generate formal and informal flows of knowledge and information exchange through interconnected companies
Other relevant factors are the external environment favorable to businesses and the public policies supporting the development of the different forms and levels of aggregation among companies
The industrial policies (financial and advanced services) have a relevant role in planning the development and in pushing company aggregations towards a higher quality of production and to a better link with market demand
An integrated approach, operating at different levels
Agriculture specialization, art craft traditions, local demand of food, typical products
business, regional/local players, regional/local institutions
existing and new companies well linked to the different level of market demand (local, national, international)
local clusters and policies: diversification, promotion of excellences and support to the weaker companies and aggregations
innovation of local resources and specializations, following a general value chain approach (production, transformation, trade, interlinked industry and services, etc.)
creation of business advisory service operating as local player for innovation
An integrated and international partnership between territories or clusters can be a key factor for the development (companies, business support centres, players for innovation, public institutions, etc)Some suggestions for the African countries
Claudia Degli Esposti
Head of territorial marketing unit
+39 051 6460 411
+39 338 2731632