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Debussy’s most familiar works: La Mer (The Sea) Clair de lune Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun” “tone poem” Deals with the Greek legend of Pan--a Pagan forest creature who is half man/half goat Plays a flute--now referred to as a “pan flute”

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debussy s most familiar works
Debussy’s most familiar works:
  • La Mer (The Sea)
  • Clair de lune
  • Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun”
    • “tone poem”
    • Deals with the Greek legend of Pan--a Pagan forest creature who is half man/half goat
    • Plays a flute--now referred to as a “pan flute”
    • After drinking too much wine, he can’t remember whether or not he actually made love to another forest creature--or if he just dreamed it
    • The erotic thoughts only make him more sleepy…
arnold sch enberg
Arnold Schöenberg
  • saw his music as an extension and simplification of the German tradition
  • by the first decade of the 20th century, Romantic emotionalism had been taken to the ultimate extreme, by portraying extreme emotional states such as hysteria, insanity and nightmares
expressionism
Expressionism
  • Schöenberg’s music is like the shocking colors and distorted figures in expressionist paintings
  • Edvard Munch’s “The Scream”
expressionism5
Expressionism
  • no sense of traditional harmony, melody, or tonic (home key)
  • ATONAL -- ranges freely across the dramatic spectrum; the absence of key
expressionism6
Expressionism
  • Schöenberg’s contribution to music was in the are of aesthetics…
  • His music is not traditionally “beautiful”…but his mission was to free the listener from that need
a good example is a song cycle called pierrot lunaire
A good example is a song cycle called “pierrot lunaire”
  • Atonal
  • Uses “sprechstimme”--a kind of speech/song
  • 21 songs about a marionette who represents an evil presence
  • The first is called “Moondrunk”
pierrot lunaire
Pierrot lunaire

1. Mondestrunken No. 1: Moondrunk   

  • Der Wein, den man mit Augen trinkt,
      • The wine that only eyes may drink
  • Giesst Nachts der Mond in Wogen nieder,
        • Pours from the moon in waves at nightfall,
  • Und eine Springflut überschwemmt
        • And like a springflood overwhelms
  • Den stillen Horizont.
      • The still horizon rim. 
pierrot lunaire9
Pierrot lunaire
  • Gelüste, schauerlich und süss,
        • Desires, shivering and sweet,
  • Durchschwimmen ohne Zahl die Fluten!
        • Are swimming without number through the flood waters!
  • Der Wein, den man mit Augen trinkt,
      • The wine that only eyes may drink
  • Giesst Nachts der Mond in Wogen nieder.
        • Pours from the moon in waves at nightfall.
pierrot lunaire10
Pierrot lunaire
  • Der Dichter, den die Andacht treibt,
      • The poet by his ardor driven,
  • Berauscht sich an dem heilgen Tranke,
      • Grown drunken from the Holy drink—
  • Den Himmel wendet er verzucht
      • To heaven he rapturously lifts
  • Das Haupt und taumelnd säugt und schlürft er
      • His head and, reeling, sips and swallows
  • Der Wein, den man mit Augen trinkt.
      • The wine that only eyes may drink.
expressionism in art
Expressionism in Art
  • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors
expressionism in art12
Expressionism in Art
  • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors
expressionism in art13
Expressionism in Art
  • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors
expressionism in art14
Expressionism in Art
  • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors
expressionism in art15
Expressionism in Art
  • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors
expressionism in art16
Expressionism in Art
  • In works by German artists such as Edvard Munch, extreme emotional states are depicted through disturbing images and bright colors
expressionism in art17
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art18
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art19
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art20
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art21
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art22
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art23
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art24
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art25
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art26
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing
expressionism in art27
Expressionism in Art
  • The paintings of Emil Nolde are somewhat even more disturbing--this one is called “Vampyre”
12 tone or serial system
12-tone (or “serial”) system
  • new way of organizing pitch -- a 20th century alternative to tonality
  • equal importance to each of the twelve tones
  • all pitches are derived from a special ordering of chromatic tones -- a tone row or series
  • choice of rows is limitless, since there are 479,001,600 possible arrangements of the twelve tones
  • forward; backward (retrograde); upside down (inversion); backward and upside down (retrograde-inversion)
  • put Schoenberg and his colleagues/students, Alban Berg and Anton Webern on the cutting edge of Western music, but also left them outside the mainstream
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