Oligarchs in Latin America - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

JasminFlorian
oligarchs in latin america l.
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  1. Oligarchs in Latin America • What is an oligarch? Oligarchies? • How are they formed? • What types of political forces do they represent? • Why do they fear the masses? • What do they do to protect themselves against the masses?

  2. Argentina and the Generation of 1880 • Oligarchic system created by politicians from the Argentine Interior 1874-1916 • Tried to wrest economic power from the province of Buenos Aires by federalizing city of BA in 1880, and nationalizing the port and its customs house

  3. Argentine Oligarchs

  4. Unicato • Why they supported one party rule • How did they deal with immigrants, workers? • Why they supported universal public education for men and women • Why they supported the economic modernization of the countryside and the beautification of Buenos Aires • What happened to them?

  5. Porfirio Díaz and the Científicos • Presided over the modernization of Mexico through a one party system • Linked to intellectuals called científicos and to the rurales or rural police • Brought railroad construction and foreign investment of Mexico

  6. Positivism and the Cientificos • The Cientificos and Economic Policy • Positivism and the Dilemma of Mexican Liberalism • World View of Cientificos • Caudillos, Indians, and Backwardness • Foreign Models and Fears: Legacy of the Mexican War

  7. Positivism and the Cientificos • Policies of the Cientificos • Indians and Modernization • Reliance on Foreign Capital and Foreign Trade vs. Need to Control Dependency • Split personality of Cientificos • Porfirio Diaz: “Poor Mexico, so far from God and so Close to the United States”

  8. Porfirio Diaz in 1910

  9. The Persistence of Latin American Oligarchs • Phenomenon lasted into the 20th century • According to Peter Smith, politicians have severely restricted the electorate in Latin American countries 47% of the time before 1930. Thereafter in many countries a series of authoritarian governments did the same thing.