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Music information towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources Michael Fingerhut Ircam, Paris (France) Handling sound resources from creation to preservation and use within a larger context Resources Physical Digital Events Workflow From creation …

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music information towards a converging view of physical digital and temporal resources

Music information towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

Michael Fingerhut

Ircam, Paris (France)

handling sound resources from creation to preservation and use within a larger context
Handling sound resources from creation to preservation and use within a larger context
  • Resources
    • Physical
    • Digital
    • Events
  • Workflow
    • Fromcreation…
    • …to preservation
    • …to online delivery
  • Use
    • Search
    • Access
    • Reuse

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

the context ircam and its multimedia library
The context: IRCAM and its Multimedia Library

Director

R&D

Education

Music production

Workflow

Commercial assets

Physical

Books, scores, periodicals, cds, films…

Digital

Databases

Own production

Physical

Books, papers, ephemera…

Digital

As above + audio, video,

Information (events)

Usage

Web

Multimedia Library

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

1 workflow
1. Workflow

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

modeling the assets
Modeling the assets
  • Entities
    • Events concerts, festivals, seasons…
    • People
    • Corporate orchestras, choirs…
    • Venues concert and conference halls
    • Documents audio, video, text…
  • Relations
    • Is part of event of a festival
    • Is a trace of recording of a manifestation
    • Roles author, composer, librettist, performer…

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

event
Event
  • ArchiProd
  • Describe
  • Preserve
  • Deliver
  • Many types
    • Artistic
      • Concert, dance, film projection, opera…
      • Concert cycles, festivals…
    • Scientific
      • Lectures, panels, talks, workshops…
      • Conferences, courses,
    • Mixed
      • master classes…
  • Variable duration and occurrence
    • Once/repeated
    • On a single day, hour and place or not
      • Split
      • Long
  • Fixed contents may vary
    • Repeated talk, performance
    • Work in progress
  • Structured
    • Seasons
    • Cycles
    • Conferences

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

seasons
Seasons

Events archive

Season2007-2008

Season2006-2007

Season2006-2007

Season1976-1977

7

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

groups of events
Groups of events

Events archive

Season2007-2008

Cycle1

Cycle2

Cycles may contain cyclesA conference within a festival

Cycle2-1

Cycle2-2

Festival

Season2006-2007

8

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

events
Events

Events archive

Season2007-2008

Cycle1

Event:“a noteworthy happening”, usually of a limited duration with a well-defined program.A concert, a conference, a master-class, a workshop

Event1

An event can be part of several cyclesA concert from a series programmed during a conference

Event2

Cycle:a group of cycles or of events.A concert series, a festival, a scientific conference

Cycle2

Season2007-2006

9

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

manifestation
Manifestation

Events archive

Season2007-2008

Cycle1

Event1

Manifestation1

Manifestation:an occurrence of an event, usually at a single date, time and place.A specific concert, talk…

Manifestation2

Cycle2

Season2007-2006

10

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

events and their traces
Events and their traces

Events archive

Season2007-2008

brochures

Cycle1

brochures

Event1

program notes, contracts

Manifestation1

recording(video)

… may differ

Manifestation2

recording(video)

Part1

… single work

Cycle2

… single talk

Part2

… single piece

Part3

Season2007-2006

11

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

typology of events
Typology of events

Artistic event

Meeting

Concert

Dance

Theater

Performance

Music theater

Other performance

Screening

Exhibit, installation

Event

Other artistic event

Talk, work analysis

Scientific or technical conference

Conference

Other conference

Music course

Scientific or technical course

Course

Other course

Other meeting

Other event

12

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

the workflow
The workflow

Backups

Plans the season

Produces the season’sbrochure

Drafts contracts

Creates metadata

Uploads PDF

Uploads PDF

Produces the web site

Web site is online

Produces the event’sbrochure

Completes metadataUploads PDF

THE MANIFESTATION

Records themanifestation

Uploads the recordingModifies metadata

Produces online andoffline versions

Validatesmodified metadata

Uploads press

13

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

digital formats
Digital formats

Automaticallyproduced

  • Audio
    • preservation (uploaded)
      • WAV/AIFF + METS (hard disc + tape backups)
    • deliverystreaming
      • on-site MPEG-1 Layer 2 + metadata
      • internet MP3 excerpts, embeddedmetadata (sox, lame)
  • Text
    • preservation (uploaded)
      • TIFF + PDF hi res (hard disc + tape backups)
    • delivery
      • on-sitecompressed PDF
      • internetcompressed PDF + watermark
  • Metadata
    • internal
      • cidoc-crmlike
    • deliveryOAI harvesting
      • based on MODS (and Dublin Core)

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

metadata model simplified mods
Metadata model: simplified MODS
  • Derived from MARC
    • Humanly readable XML
    • Easy conversion from any schemes mostly optional “fields”
    • Keeps associations people/rôles, subject/author/title…
  • Hierarchical ad inf.
    • Express structure collections/items, cds/tracks, meta-events/events…
    • In the record/from record to record
  • Extensible enumerated values, elements
    • Events
    • Instrumentation
    • Rights of access to contents intranet/extranet/internet

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

resource categorization and attributes
Resource categorization and attributes

<typeOfResource> (encoding)

cartographiccorporateeventmixed materialmoving imagenotated musicpersonsoftwaresound recordingsound recording-musicalsound recording-non musicalstill imagetext3D object

<form>(media)

cassette…concertconférencedisque compact…document numériquedocument imprimédocument manuscritémissionexpositiongroupe d’événementsmicroficheorganismepersonne…

<genre>(nature of resource)

adresseatelierbibliothèque…biographiecataloguecentre de recherchecolloquedictionnaireéditeurfestivalformationmaster classmonographienote de programmenotice d’œuvresalle de spectacle…

<role>(rôle, instrumentation)

auteurcompositeurconférencierintervenantmusicien interprèteinstrument(iste)sensembles

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

2 access use and reuse
2. ACCESS, USE AND REUSE

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

the gateway to contemporary music resources in france www musiquecontemporaine fr
The gateway to contemporary music resources in France: www.musiquecontemporaine.fr

2 national conservatoires

7 contemporary music composition centers

7 ensembles

3 music libraries (incl. French nat’l library)

1 music information center (MIC)

1 label (non-commercial)

  • National projectwith 21 partners
    • whoprovidemetadata
    • whomayproviderelated data (audio, text…)
  • Harvestsmetadata
    • about contents
    • about events
    • about people
  • Also hosts
    • metadata
    • data whichmayberepurposed
      • audio: > 500 hours of music and sometalks (free access on the internet)
      • text: program notes, ephemera…
  • Is harvested
    • Europeanaaggregator
    • French Ministry of Culture database

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

online access to contents
Online access to contents
  • Through the gateway
    • Traditional search and browse
    • Interactive map
    • Internet radio
  • Through partners’ sites
    • Playlist editor
  • Through third party sites
    • Timeline
    • Wikipedia
    • Europeana, Collections.FR…

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

harvesting gateway organization principle

Librarycatalogue

Library catalogue

Librarycatalogue

Soundarchives

Soundarchives

Soundarchives

Concertnotes

Concertnotes

Concertnotes

Biographies,articles

Biographies,articles

Biographies,articles

Agenda ofevents

Agenda ofevents

Agenda ofevents

Partner A

Partner B

Partner C

Harvesting gateway organization principle

Other gateway2

Gateway

Other gateway1

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

on site access
On-site access

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

internet radio
Internet radio
  • Now
    • All hosted recordings (shuffle)
  • Future
    • Programming
  • Technology
    • Shoutcast

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

timeline
Timeline

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources

references
References

The gateway of French contemporary music resources http://www.musiquecontemporaine.fr/

Specs and technical documentation http://www.musiquecontemporaine.fr/doc

This presentation http://tinyurl.com/lg5uu9

This speaker’s emailmf@ircam.fr

Music information: towards a converging view of physical, digital and temporal resources