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Internet Programming with Logic Programming Languages and Constraint Solvers Paul Tarau University of North Texas & BinNet Corporation, PART I: An Overview of Internet Development Trends

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internet programming with logic programming languages and constraint solvers
Internet Programming with Logic Programming Languages and Constraint Solvers
  • Paul Tarau
  • University of North Texas & BinNet Corporation
part i an overview of internet development trends
PART I: An Overview of Internet Development Trends
  • A Goal Oriented view:
    • WHY to develop for the Internet?
    • WHAT to develop for the Internet?
    • HOW to develop for the Internet?
  • Emphasizing: from the public library to the shopping mall - the new focus on E-Commerce -
internet growth driven by e commerce
Internet Growth: driven by E-Commerce
  • Critical mass needed: ~20% online
  • from random graphs: sudden emergence of a big component
  • Growth of E-commerce (US)1998 -> $29 billion1999 -> $98.4 billion2003 -> $1.2 trillion (source: eMarketer)
buying over the internet
Buying over the Internet
  • Initial markets: software, travel, books, CDs - MP3
  • online stock trading: Schwab, E-Trade, Suretrade
  • online grocery: back to the future:-) HomeGrocer, NetGrocer, Peapod
  • online drugstores?
auctioning systems electronic markets
Auctioning systems/electronic markets
  • eBay, priceline
  • price comparison/item matching agents:
    • EBay's Personal Shopper
    • Amazon’s book recommandations
  • more conventional shopping chart?
  • refereal programs: Amazon, priceline
trends in e commerce
Trends in E-Commerce
  • Integration of e-commerce and corporate data processing systems
    • backend databases: DB2, Oracle
  • Complete e-commerce solutions vs. component based e-commerce systems
    • complete solution offerings: IBM
    • CGI scripts (Perl), servelets, SSI, Active Server Processes (ASP)
internet based e commerce infrastructure
Internet based e-commerce infrastructure
  • WWW - still in exponential growth for the next few years
  • payment is just Information Exhange - subject to automation!
  • Shopping by features: search, online browsing can do it better than asking a (not always) knowledgeable salesperson
  • place for LP/CP: the need for intelligent knowledge processing
encryption digital signatures
Encryption, digital signatures
  • conventional cryptography: DES, BlueFish
  • public key cryptography: RSA, PGP
  • confidentiality: PGP only a given group can decode, no need for key exchange
  • authentication
    • digital signature, certificates - VeriSign etc.
  • virgin territory for LP/CP: cryptography!
secure transactions
Secure transactions
  • SSL basic security built in most browsers, alternative: SHTTP
    • still much better than conventional paper based security
  • DES: is it good for business transactions? (40 bit ok, 128bit - truly secure)
forms of electronic payment
Forms of electronic payment
  • Electronic Money
    • anonymus, unforgeable, “sound” - a place for LL?
  • smart cards - downloadable from online account
  • is third party certification needed?
  • E-checks vs. credit cards vs. e-cash
predictions trends
  • E-commerce will completely reshape financial institutions
  • it is likely to replace various forms of catalog and mail order businesses
  • successful in information based (books, CDs), high margin/low volume, expensive to keep in inventory products
search engines portals service sites
Search Engines, Portals, Service Sites
  • Trend: from Information to Knowledge - a place for LP/CP
  • Search engines: AltaVista, Snap, NorthernLight
  • Portals: Yahoo, Lycos
  • Specialized service sites:
    • books:
    • travel:
basics of internet infrastructure tcp ip
Basics of Internet Infrastructure: TCP/IP
  • packet switching vs. dedicated point-to-point link
  • Post Office (small packets ) vs. Phone Center (point-to-point link)
  • IP header: address vs.
  • domain based naming:
static vs dynamic ip addresses
Static vs. Dynamic IP addresses
  • self contained server and web site: static IP
  • connecting through an ISP: dynamic IP:-(
    • in fact, this comes from running out of available IP addresses - upcoming extended IP numbers might solve this - it is quite humiliating for users to be: instead of being :-)
how to create and register a new domain
How to create and register a new domain?
  • (not a NSI monopoly anymore!)
  • new agency:
  • Whois service:
how to create a web site
How to create a Web Site?
  • Dedicated server
    • T1 (large volume, high cost) or ISDN (metered, slow, starts to look outdated)
    • new: DSL from GTE (in Dallas-FW area)
    • What OS? Linux+Apache (more flexible) NT (compatible with other MSoft tools)
  • Through Web hosting (inexpensive and reliable but less flexible)
web site design issues
Web Site Design Issues
  • Usability issues (quick access to frequently visited pages)
  • Artistic issues (colors, layout, style)
  • Designing for speed (*.mid *.jpg vs. *.wav, animated *.gif)
  • Good and bad business web sites - ratings!
  • Style: look at major media companies:,!
hypertext markup language html basics
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) basics
  • <HTML>
  • <HEAD>
  • <TITLE> Welcome To My Page </TITLE>
  • </HEAD> <BODY>
    • other html code
  • </BODY>
  • </HTML>
adding links
Adding Links
  • <A HREF=
  • “”>
  • My Company
  • </A>
  • In the Web page it looks like this:
    • … My Company …
  • <A HREF="mailto:a@b.c.d">my email</A>
including images and sound
Including Images and Sound
  • <IMG SRC=pictures/me_and_my_dog.gif>
  • good compression: JPG
  • animated GIFs - easy to make - size can be a problem
  • Sound: MID (small) WAV, AU (older formats) MP3 (high quality)
  • static (tag: EMBED, BGSOUND) vs. streaming audio/video: RealAudio
including cgi scripts
Including CGI scripts
  • <form method="post”
      • action="http://a.b.c.d/cgi-bin/myscript.exe?query=who" >>
      • <input type="submit" size="40" value="Search">
  • </form>
including java applets
Including Java Applets
  • <applet
  • code=”myapplet.class"
  • height="200" width="600” >
    • <param
      • value=”999”
      • name=”default_price" >
  • </applet>
tools for building web sites
Tools for Building Web Sites
  • HTML, tables, forms, CGI scripts
  • server side tools: SSI, ASP, servlets
  • Media formats: GIF, JPEG, MPEG, real audio
  • Executable content: Java
design tools
Design tools
  • Composer, Microsoft Word, FrontPage
    • Generating HTML
  • Generating Java applets: Symantec, J++ 6.0
  • Generating 3D content: VR Creator, TrueSpace
  • LP/CP tools need to interoperate with them!
alternative content formats
Alternative Content Formats
  • VRML - now supported also by Java3D
    • has links like in HTML
    • has superior navigation
    • has higher information density
  • The future is 3D - the Nintendo generation grows up:-)
  • LP/CP tools should interoperate with the emerging 3D Web
  • LP/CP comes late into the Internet Business
  • it should get into fast growing or still emerging areas
    • e-commerce
    • intelligent search, knowledge processing, agents
    • 3D Web, new Internet infrastructure