french revolution 1789 1799 l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
French Revolution (1789-1799) PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
French Revolution (1789-1799)

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 31

French Revolution (1789-1799) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 463 Views
  • Uploaded on

Intro Background/Why a Revolution? Economy/Monarchy Estates General Freedom/Equality (1789-92) Taking Action New Constitution & Calendar Terror (1792-95) War Robespierre Directory (1795-99) Evaluation Key Terms National Assembly Bastille Great Fear “Rights of Man”

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'French Revolution (1789-1799)' - JasminFlorian


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
french revolution 1789 1799
Intro

Background/Why a Revolution?

Economy/Monarchy

Estates General

Freedom/Equality (1789-92)

Taking Action

New Constitution & Calendar

Terror (1792-95)

War

Robespierre

Directory (1795-99)

Evaluation

Key Terms

National Assembly

Bastille

Great Fear

“Rights of Man”

Committee on Public Safety

“Levee en masse”

French Revolution(1789-1799)
french revolution themes turning point in europe s history
French Revolution Themes(Turning Point In Europe’s History)
  • It was a “popular” Revolution (involved common people angry at the monarchy).
  • It turned violent & bloody.
  • It came full-circle.
slide3
Why?

Economic Crisis:

  • Government’s Debt
    • French/Indian War & American Revolution
    • Tax system
  • Poor harvests in 1780s—riots

Anger at monarchy:

tax system in france
Nobles & Clergy-did not pay taxes

Who was left…?

Tax System In France
  • Peasants & Bourgeoisie
  • Those with the least wealth paid the most in taxes
  • Corvée: Peasants were required to work 12-15 days of unpaid labor for the state (roads, bridges, etc)
french monarchy symbol for anger
French Monarchy: Symbol for Anger

Marie Antoinette

(1755-1793)

Louis XVI

(1754-1793)

french revolution
French Revolution
  • Phase I: Freedom & Equality (1789-1792)

Slogan: Liberty, Equality & Fraternity

first step to revolution
First Step to Revolution
  • The King (Louis XVI) wanted to increase taxes & nobles refused to pay.
  • Estates General (French Parliament) was called into session—it had not met since 1614!
estates general
Estates General
  • But the “Masses”& Bourgeoisie objected to unequal representation.
  • So, they formed their own group:
  • National Assembly
slide9

Nobles/Lords: 1-5%

Clergy: 5-10%

Middle Class: 5-10%

(Bourgeoisie)

The “Masses” 75-85%

national assembly
National Assembly
  • “The Masses” & Bourgeoisie met and Declared they would not disband until a new constitution was adopted!

Tennis Court Oath

storming the bastille july 1789
Storming the Bastille(July, 1789)
  • Rioting in Paris led about 800 common citizens to attack the Bastille.
  • The people took the Bastille, but 98 civilians died & became martyrs.
  • Turning point: Average citizens sparked a mass Revolution.
storming the bastille july 178912
Storming the Bastille(July, 1789)
  • Lafayette gave this key to George Washington it’s now on display at Mount Vernon

Key to the Bastille

great fear august 1789
Great Fear(August, 1789)
  • Rumor: nobles were going to destroy crops in rural areas to hurt Revolutionaries.
  • Peasants looted & destroyed noble’s homes.
  • Result = nobility & clergy renounced ALL traditional privileges.
rights of man 1789
“Rights of Man”(1789)
  • Every man is guaranteed natural rights and should be treated equally.

Philosophical Statement:

new calendar
New Calendar
  • Provisions
    • 1789 would be the year 1 (a brand new start)
    • 12 months in year
    • 30 days in each month
    • 3 weeks in each month
    • 1 day each week a holiday (1 every 10 days)
new constitution 1790
New Constitution*(1790)
  • Established a Constitutional Monarchy:
    • Louis XVI-monarch
    • But a National Legislature would have the most power
  • The Old Regime was gone; society would be based on freedom & equality.

*Just about all adult males could vote.

french revolution18
French Revolution
  • Phase II: Terror (1792-1795)
reign of terror 1792 95
Reign of Terror(1792-95)
  • To wage war, the National Legislature gave tremendous power to a committee of its members.
  • WAR!

France vs. rest of Europe

committee on public safety
Committee On Public Safety
  • Leader of the Committee

Robespierre

(1758-1794)

committee on public safety21
Committee On Public Safety
  • Mobilized entire defense of France.
  • Instituted “Levee en masse.”
    • ALL in society were required to contribute to the war effort.
  • Any & all dissent was CRUSHED.
guillotine
Guillotine
  • Use was popularized by Dr. Joseph Guillotin
  • Estimated 25,000-50,000 executions (1792-94)
  • 500,000 were imprisoned
committee on public safety25
Committee On Public Safety
  • Mobilized entire defense of France.
  • Instituted “Levee en masse.”
    • ALL in society were required to contribute to the war effort.
  • Any & all dissent was CRUSHED
  • Their actions demonstrated the TERROR & how the Revolution turned violent & bloody.
french revolution26
French Revolution
  • Phase III: The Directory (1795-1799)

(Conservative Reaction)

directory 1795 1799
Directory(1795-1799)
  • Created by the adoption of another new Constitution—to prevent another “TERROR.”
    • Who can vote?—landowners only
  • Power would be held by Five Consuls (one was Napoleon Bonaparte).
  • 1799 Directory was abolished & Napoleon became the sole leader of France.
revolution comes full circle
Revolution Comes Full-Circle
  • Revolution’s Goal: destroy the monarchy & Old Regime
  • Result: one ruler (Emperor)
  • All male landowners could vote, society was more equal; but not full “freedom & equality” for all
french revolution themes turning point in europe s history29
French Revolution Themes(Turning Point In Europe’s History)
  • It was a “popular” Revolution (involved common people angry at the monarchy).
  • It turned violent & bloody.
  • It came full-circle.
evaluation
Evaluation…
  • Overall, was the Revolution positive or negative for the people of France?
french revolution 1789 179931
Intro

Background/Why a Revolution?

Economy/Monarchy

Estates General

Freedom/Equality (1789-92)

Taking Action

New Constitution & Calendar

Terror (1792-95)

War

Robespierre

Directory (1795-99)

Evaluation

Key Terms

National Assembly

Bastille

Great Fear

“Rights of Man”

Committee on Public Safety

“Levee en masse”

French Revolution(1789-1799)