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Federalism Timeline. 1787-1836: Increased Nationalism. Supreme Court Chief John Marshall Marbury v. Madison (1804): Judicial Review Federal acts McCulloch v. Maryland (1819): uphold elastic clause, Judicial Review State acts

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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Federalism Timeline' - JasminFlorian


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1787 1836 increased nationalism
1787-1836: Increased Nationalism
  • Supreme Court Chief John Marshall
  • Marbury v. Madison (1804): Judicial Review Federal acts
  • McCulloch v. Maryland (1819): uphold elastic clause, Judicial Review State acts
  • Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819): States cannot interfere in contracts
  • Gibbons v. Ogden (1824): commerce clause covers “every system of commercial intercourse”
counter trend nullification
Counter-Trend: Nullification
  • 1798: Jefferson + Madison: Kentucky + Virginia Resolutions
    • Alien and Sedition Acts
  • 1814: Hartford Convention: threatened NE secession
  • 1832: Nullification Crisis
    • Tariff of Abominations, John C. Calhoun, Force Act
1836 1860 dual sovereignty
1836-1860: “Dual Sovereignty”
  • Chief Roger Taney
  • Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
  • States’ Rights Southern Secession
1866 1877 radical reconstruction
1866-1877: Radical Reconstruction
  • 14th Amendment
  • Military Occupation
  • Freedman’s Bureau
  • Republican governments
1873 1964 jim crow south
1873-1964: Jim Crow South
  • Slaughterhouse Cases (1873): 14th only protects US citizenship rights, not State
    • Incorporation process
  • 1876: Hayes-Tilden Election
  • 1896: Plessy v. Ferguson
1933 1939 new deal
1933-1939: New Deal
  • Economic regulation: at first overturned by Court (intrastate regulation) then upheld
1954 brown v board
1954: Brown V. Board
  • Revival nullification
  • Alabama nullification resolution federal troops in Little Rock, Arkansas
  • 1964: Civil Rights Act
  • 1965: Voting Rights Act
  • Johnson: Great Society
slide9
1980s: Reagan “New Federalism”
  • 1995: Clinton/Gingrich “devolution revolution”
  • 2002: No Child Left Behind
informal amendments
Informal Amendments
  • Changes to functioning of government/Constitution w/o changing wording
  • Legislation: court system, new agencies, elastic clause
  • Executive Action: executive agreements (Senate-less treaties, undeclared war)
  • Supreme Court Decisions: “constitutional convention in continuous session”
  • Party Practices: nominations, electoral college, policy role
  • Custom: Cabinet, senatorial courtesy, no 3rd terms
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