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Denominations in the 13 Colonies: 17th & 18 th Century America. “From the Reformation to the Constitution” Bill Petro your friendly neighborhood historian. www.billpetro.com/v7pc. Objectives By the end of this session you should be able to. Trace development of American Colonial Religion

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Denominations in the 13 Colonies: 17th & 18 th Century America


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denominations in the 13 colonies 17th 18 th century america

Denominations in the 13 Colonies:17th & 18th Century America

“From the Reformation to the Constitution”

Bill Petro

your friendly neighborhood historian

www.billpetro.com/v7pc

objectives by the end of this session you should be able to
ObjectivesBy the end of this session you should be able to
  • Trace development of American Colonial Religion
  • Define “denominationalism”
  • Discuss origins of American denominationalism
reformation traditions

Luther - Melanchthon

1517

Lutheran

Calvin - Beza

1532

French-Swiss

}

Zwingli - Bullinger

Reformed

Presbyterian

Scottish Presbyterian

Dutch Reformed

1519

German-Swiss

Henry VIII - Cranmer

Grebel – Manz - Simonsz

1525

1536

English

Swiss Brethren

Reformation Traditions

Lutheranism

Episcopal

Anabaptist

Congregational

Mennonites

English Sep

English Baptists

Anglican

Episcopal

Church of England

american church history
American Church History

1787

1865

Calvinism

Arminianism

Biblistic Rationalism

Liberalism

Subjectivism

Existentialism

Theocentrism Anthropocentrism Liberalism

the 3 g s
The 3 G’s
  • Gold
  • God
  • Glory
the colonies
The Colonies

Anglicanism: established religion in 6 of 13 colonies

  • Virginia: London company settled Jamestown 1607
  • Maryland: settled by George & Cecil Calvert
  • North & South Carolina: one colony for ½ century
  • Georgia: founded in 1732 for imprisoned debtors
  • New York: owned by the Dutch, then English
outline by region
Outline by Region
  • New England Congregationalists
  • Rhode Island Baptists
  • Middle Colonies Quakers

Mennonites

Moravians

Lutherans

Presbyterians

  • Maryland Roman Catholic
  • South, NY, etc. Anglican
denominationalism
“Denominationalism”
  • Primary expression of American Christianity, post 1740’s
  • Based, in part, on freedom to differ
  • Denomination vs. Sect
  • Inclusive vs. Exclusive
  • The true church cannot be identified with any single ecclesiastical structure
  • Seed planted by Reformers: not of bishops but of believers
  • Architected by Congregationalists at Westminster Assembly
american congregationalism

EnglishPilgrims

New Lights

1620

1630

1691

1734

Plymouth

Boston

Merge w/Mass. Bay Co.

English Puritans

Old Lights

American Congregationalism
roger williams and baptists
Roger Williams and Baptists
  • 1636-1683
  • Expelled from Mass Bay Colony
  • Founded Providence, Rhode Island Colony
  • 1638 Rebaptized church
baptists

Regular Baptists

Calvinist

NorthernBaptists

1630’s

1740’s

1787

1845

Roger Williams

New LightCong’ists

Constitution

Separate Baptists

Arminian

SouthernBaptists

Baptists
william penn
William Penn
  • 1644 - 1718
  • 1685: 8,000 Quakers in Pennsylvania
quaker meetings
Quaker Meetings
  • Repugnant to other denominations:
  • Equality for women
  • Speaking in Meeting
  • Preaching the Gospel
mennonites
Mennonites
  • Followers of Menno Simons
  • Germany, Switzerland, Holland → Pennsylvania
  • Quakers tolerated various sects, New England Congrationalists didn’t
  • “In New England there is great liberty,if you hurry”
  • 17th-century Swiss Mennonite bishop, Jakob Amman: Amish
moravians
Moravians
  • Germany → Savanna, Georgia
  • Fled mosquitoes and Spanish
  • George Whitfield invited them to “forks of Delaware River” (Pennsylvania)
  • Built school for training of Indians
  • Settled Nazareth, Bethlehem, Winston-Salem
lutherans

Dutch:

New Amster

1620’s

1630’s

1700’s

Swedes:Delaware Vly

Germans:Pennsylvania

Lutherans
roman catholicism in maryland
Roman Catholicism in Maryland
  • Father Andrew White (1579-1656)
  • First mass upon the arrival of the Ark and the Dove
  • 1634: 200 settlers aboard
  • 1632: George Calvert “Lord Baltimore” obtained charter from Charles I for Maryland
presbyterian organization

National Assembly

Synod

Presbytery

Presbyterian Organization

Synod

Presbytery

Session

Session

presbyterians

EnglishPresbyterianPuritans

1706

1716

1729

1789

ContinentalReformGroups

1st Presbytery

1st Synod

Adopting

Act

1st Nat As’mbly

Scots-Irish

Presbyterians
1 word summary
1-Word Summary
  • Catholic Church Merit
  • Luther Justification
  • Zwingli Sovereignty
  • Anabaptists Believer’s Baptism
  • Calvin Omnipotence
  • Arminius Ability
  • “Calvinism” TULIP
  • Knox Thundering
  • Henry VIII Married
  • Pilgrims Separatists
  • Puritans Saints
  • Denominations Inclusive