Child Soldiers in the American Civl War • Cyberlesson created by Nathan Massicotte
Introduction • It is 1865. The United States is at war with itself and the future of the country hangs in the balance. But as a teenager, what can you do? What should you do? Take care of your family as your father fights? Or could you make the ultimate sacrifice and go to war? • You are about to read Pink and Say, the true story of two teenage Union soldiers and their experiences in the Civil War. The tale has been passed down from generation to generation and now onto your eyes. May it never be forgotten.
Resources • Pen/pencil • Frayer model vocabulary sheets • Pink and Say by Patricia Polacco • K-W-L Chart • Active Reader Report • Computer/Internet Access
Before Reading--Vocabulary • Use the website www.dictionary.com to complete your Frayer model vocabulary sheet for the words marauder andmahogany. • Then go to the website http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getteducation/bcast04/04activities/activity07.htmand complete Frayer sheets for the following words: Union, Confederacy, and hardtack.
Before Reading--Child Soldiers During the Civl War • With a partner, complete the K section of your K-W-L Chart with anything that you know about the role of children in the Civil War and the W section with questions that you might want to explore. • Visit the website to learn about the role of child soldiers during the Civil War, then complete the L section of your organizer: • http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/learning_history/children_civilwar/child_soldiers.cfm • http://www.civilwarhome.com/boysinwar.htm
During Reading • As you read, continue to fill out your K-W-L sheet with what you have learned from reading. • Use at least 3 active reading strategies as you read and record where you used them and how they helped you to better understand the text on your Active Reader Report.
After Reading • Click here to post your after reading thoughts to our online message board. Sign in, then click on DISCUSSION, choose your group number and post your ideas. You must post at least two times. Ask important open-ended questions, share your thoughts and ideas, discuss any points of confusion and raise questions that you might want to explore further. Refer to the online discussion rubric for further instructions.
Beyond Reading • Choose from the following activities: • Imagine that you are Say, returning home after being held prisoner in Andersonville. Write a letter in his voice to President Lincoln about your experiences in the war and at the prison camp. • Write a poem from two voices from the points of view of Pink and Say. • Visit the author’s page for Patricia Polacco. After reading the Who am I section, write 10 questions that you would ask her if you were to interview her. Questions can be about her life, Pink and Say, or any of her other books. • Visit the following websites and design a pamphlet for anyone visiting Andersonville today. Include at least 10 interesting/important facts from the history of the prison camp. • http://www.civilwarhome.com/andersonville.htm • http://www.nps.gov/ande/historyculture/index.htm
Rubric--Beyond Reading • Total Points ___/10
Teacher Page • When teaching this cyberlesson plan at least 3 days in the computer lab. • Make sure all students have logins for the Wiki page. Wiki discussion responses may need to be modeled prior to teaching this lesson • Active reader reports are available in Nancy Boyles’ book Constructing Meaning. • Additional vocabulary instruction to take place in Social Studies class.
Credits • Pink and Say by Patricia Polacco • www.dictionary.com • http://www.nps.gov/archive/gett/getteducation/bcast04/04activities/activity07.htm • http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/learning_history/children_civilwar/child_soldiers.cfm • http://www.civilwarhome.com/boysinwar.htm • http://www.patriciapolacco.com • http://www.civilwarhome.com/andersonville.htm • Cyberlesson prepared by Nathan Massicotte