Chapter 11. The History of Parole: From Its Origin to the Present. Introduction.
PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 11' - JasminFlorian
An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Of the hundreds of thousands of prisoners who reenter the community every year, one out of five is an unconditional release, that is, they receive no supervision whatsoever after they leave prison because they have served their full sentence behind bars.
Paroleis theconditional release of a convicted offender from a correctional institution, under the continued custody of the state, to serve the remainder of his or her sentence in the community under supervision.
Historically, parole referred only to discretionary release. But as laws and release methods changed, “parolees” became a more general concept that has incorporated mandatory supervision. LO: 5
A mandatory release enters the community automatically at the expiration of the maximum term minus credited time off for good behavior. Mandatory release is decided by legislative statute or good-time laws.
A discretionary release is determined by members of a parole board who decide that a prisoner has earned the privilege of release while remaining under supervision in the community.LO: 5
In 1977, nearly 90% of prisoners were released by a parole board.
As of 2001, 15 states had abolished parole and another 5 abolished discretionary release for violent offenses.
Because of the trend toward determinate sentencing and abolishing discretionary release, only about 24 to 39% of prisoners are released via discretionary release, whereas mandatory release numbers have increased.
In 2007, 825,300 were on parole – number paroled in almost every state was higher than in 2004.
Generally, the Southern region had the highest incarceration rates, yet the lowest parole rates. The northeast region had the opposite situation—a higher rate of parole and a lower rate of incarceration per 100,000 residents.
Parole success rates have remained unchanged, with less than ½ of all parolees able to successfully complete their parole.
Parole boards have functioned in some states as the “back door” of America’s prisons.
Medical parole, or compassionate release, is the conditional release of prisoners with a terminal illness.
The optimal solution regarding the indeterminacy of sentencing and the proper role of parole has not yet appeared, and as the economy varies, so will the accompanying budgets and the public debate. LO: 4