AI: Artificial Intelligence By: Logan
An Overview:Artificial Intelligence • AI is said to be intelligence exhibited by an artificial entity (Such as a computer) • The purpose of AI is to produces machines to automate tasks that normally require a human’s intelligence • Artificial intelligence has become common place in factories, warehouses, in engineering and even in the military
Two Types of Artificial Intelligence • Conventional AI or • Computational Intelligence
An Overview:Conventional AI • Conventional AI is chiefly made up of methods that are now known as machine learning, characterized by formalism and statistical analysis • Methods of conventional artificial intelligence include “expert systems” which apply reasoning capabilities to reach a conclusion
An Overview:Computational Intelligence • Learning is based on empirical data (in other words, experimental data) • Methods include neural networks which are systems with very formidable pattern recognition capabilities • As an example, Arnold Schwarzenegger’s character in The Terminator had a “neural net processing CPU, a learning computer.”
An Overview:Other Methodology • Hybrid systems have attempted to combine both conventional and computational types • There is also a third approach on the horizon known as intelligence amplification which attempts to achieve artificial intelligence as a side effect of amplifying human intelligence through technology
The History of Artificial Intelligence • AI usage officially began in the 1950s • The first ever working artificial intelligence program allowed a user to play a competitive game of checkers against the computer • John McCarthy can be credited with coining the term “artificial intelligence” • In the 1970s Hans Moravec developed the first automated vehicle, which could negotiate an obstacle course without human intervention
AI in Video Gaming • In recent years video games have began to utilize artificial intelligence with amazing results • An early example of video game AI is the right hand paddle in Pong.
Artificial Intelligence in:Black and White • The user plays as God with a creature to aid him in ruling the world. • The creature’s behaviors and actions are based purely on AI, and never pre-programmed responses. • The creature “learns” how to act based on what input the user gives it.
Artificial Intelligence in:Oblivion • Every single character run on a system known as “Radiant AI” • Every character decides how to fulfill certain needs they have • Every action or reaction to the user is based on Radiant AI and never pre-programmed
Artificial Intelligence in:Swat 4 • User’s squad mates and enemies controlled by AI • AI dictates whether criminals will surrender, return fire, or flee towards their cohorts
Artificial Intelligence in:Madden NFL 06 • Artificial Intelligence calls plays dynamically based on the game situation • The computer players run the plays and adapt to how the user changes his play style
Artificial Intelligence in:NHL 06 & NHL 2k6 • Artificial Intelligence controls the referee, all of the skaters on the ice, as well as the coach behind the bench • AI dictates when penalties are called, how the opposing team reacts to the user’s play style and automates line changes
Flaws in Video Game AI • “Harder” AI never means more skilled, and always means cheaper • Glitches or quirks inevitably form
Conclusion • The uses of AI are potentially limitless • AI is a very diverse form of technology • The A stands for “awesome”