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Proposed Special Conservation Area (SCA) for the Lakewood and Laona Districts of the Nicolet National Forest PowerPoint Presentation
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Proposed Special Conservation Area (SCA) for the Lakewood and Laona Districts of the Nicolet National Forest. Jeanette Jaskula, Monica Hauck-Whealton, and Sarah Wielgus. What is the importance of a Special Conservation Area?. To maintain: - undisturbed water, soil, and air

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slide1

Proposed Special Conservation Area (SCA) for the Lakewood and Laona Districts of the Nicolet National Forest

Jeanette Jaskula, Monica Hauck-Whealton, and Sarah Wielgus

what is the importance of a special conservation area
What is the importance of a Special Conservation Area?

To maintain:

- undisturbed water, soil, and air

- diverse plant and animal communities

- habitat for threatened or endangered species dependent on large, undisturbed areas of land

- undisturbed reference landscapes

sca goals
SCA Goals
  • Preserve 10,000 acres within the Lakewood and Laona Districts of the Nicolet National Forest as one patch or multiple patches
  • Include areas that can be converted to roadless areas
  • Include old-growth forest stands and riparian areas
importance of forest riparian buffers
Importance of ForestRiparian Buffers
  • Trap sediment and associated nutrients (road construction can be the largest source of sediment in forestry operations)
  • Moderate stream temperatures
  • Provide cover and important organic debris used as food by stream invertebrates
  • Reduce the impacts of downstream flooding by reducing upstream flow
generalized forest types
Generalized Forest Types
  • Conifers – Pine, Balsam Fir, Hemlock, Cedar, Tamarack
  • Lowland Hardwoods – Ash, Elm, Maple
  • Upland Hardwoods – Birch, Basswood, Beech, Maple
  • Aspen/Birch
  • Nonforested areas – sedge meadows, shrub swamps, bogs, marshes
forest types in lakewood sca
Forest Types in Lakewood SCA

Conifer

Lowland Hardwoods

Upland Hardwoods

Aspen/Birch

14%

24%

52%

10%

average year of origin of forest types in lakewood sca
Average Year of Origin of Forest Types in Lakewood SCA

1963

1964

Year

of Origin

1932

1924

Conifers

Aspen/Birch

Lowland Hardwoods

Upland Hardwoods

percent acreage of lowland conifers in lakewood sca
Percent Acreage of Lowland Conifers in Lakewood SCA

Cedar, Aspen, Paper Birch

Northern White Cedar

1925

1937

Tamarack

1930

1908

Mixed Swamp Conifers

year of origin of mixed swamp conifers in lakewood sca
Year of Origin of Mixed Swamp Conifers in Lakewood SCA

1901-1920

(6%)

1921-1940

(13%)

1880-1900

(81%)

acres of old growth in forest types in lakewood sca
Acres of Old Growth in Forest Types in Lakewood SCA

Total Acres

Old Growth

65%

Acres

32%

24%

29%

Conifers

Lowland HW

Upland HW

Aspen/Birch

total acreage in lakewood and sca for three timber types
Total Acreage in Lakewood and SCA for Three Timber Types

29%

12%

26%

Acres

0.19%

Red, Jack Pine

2.3%

Upland Hardwoods

1.5%

Aspen-Birch

Lakewood

SCA

slide12
Tiarella cordifolia – Foamflower
  • Endangered in Wisconsin
  • Needs rich deciduous woods

comprised of sugar maple,

yellow birch, and basswood

WIDNR

slide13
Botrychium mormo – Goblin fern

• Endangered in Wisconsin

  • Associated with northern

mesic forests, particularly

sugar maple.

• Indicator of nutrient

rich sites

USF&W

red shouldered hawk
Red-Shouldered Hawk
  • Threatened in WI
  • Needs unfragmented, mature floodplain forests along rivers
  • Needs large pines

20-70 ft. tall

WIDNR

percent acreage of forest types in laona sca
Percent Acreage of Forest Types in Laona SCA

Non-forested

Conifer

7 %

28 %

34 %

Aspen

8 %

Lowland HW

23 %

Upland HW

average year of origin for each forest type in laona sca
Average Year of Origin for Each Forest Type in Laona SCA

1976

1970

1922

1938

1930

Year of origin

Conifer Lowland HW Upland HW Aspen Non-Forested

percent acreage of forest types in laona sca vs laona district
Percent Acreage of Forest Types in Laona SCA vs. Laona District

38.2 %

26.5 %

Percent of Forest Type

1.3 %

2.7 %

Upland HW

4 %

2.8 %

Aspen

Red / White Pine

District

SCA

total acreage comparisons for timber species
Total Acreage Comparisons for Timber Species

26.6%

23%

0.2%

Quaking Aspen

0.1%

7%

Sugar Maple

1.7%

Mixed Hardwoods

Laona

SCA

sca distribution by type
SCA Distribution by Type

Non-Forested

Conifers

13.3%

Aspen-Birch

22.6%

12.2%

51.5%

Upland Hardwoods

average year of origin by type
Average Year of Origin by Type

Non-Forested

Conifers

UNK

1935

Aspen-Birch

1971

1923

Upland Hardwoods

average year of origin by type1
Average Year of Origin by Type

1935

1923

1971

Conifer

Upland Hardwood

Aspen-Birch

percent of old growth in sca by type
Percent of Old-Growth in SCA by Type

100%

Total Acres

Old Growth

Acres

18%

41%

Lowland Hardwoods

Conifers

Aspen-Birch

algae like pondweed potamogeton confervoides
Algae-Like Pondweed (Potamogeton confervoides)
  • Threatened in Wisconsin
  • Grows in shallow water of inland lakes

WIDNR

braun s holly fern polysticum braunii
Braun’s Holly Fern (Polysticum braunii)
  • Threatened in Wisconsin
  • Grows in Sugar Maple and Basswood areas
  • Needs cool, shaded sites; sensitive to logging activity
  • Found in Lakewood and Laona districts

WIDNR

fairy slipper calypso bulbosa
Fairy Slipper (Calypso bulbosa)
  • Threatened in Wisconsin
  • Grows in Swamp Conifer and Tamarack areas
  • Prefers sites with old-growth characteristics

WIDNR

total acres for forest types in lakewood and laona vs sca
Total Acres for Forest Types in Lakewood and Laona vs. SCA

LKWD/LAONA

SCA

Acres

Conifers

Low HW

Up HW

Aspen

Non-forested