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WINDOWS EMBEDDED STUDENT CHALLENGE COMPETITION Juan E. Vargas, Ph. D. ( juanv@microsoft ) (803)979-3990 Academic Relati - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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WINDOWS EMBEDDED STUDENT CHALLENGE COMPETITION Juan E. Vargas, Ph. D. ( juanv@microsoft.com ) (803)979-3990 Academic Relations Manager Microsoft Corporation. Outline . Windows Embedded Challenge Competition Windows CE as a Platform Windows CE Platform Builder Tools.

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WINDOWS EMBEDDED

STUDENT CHALLENGE

COMPETITION

Juan E. Vargas, Ph. D.

(juanv@microsoft.com)

(803)979-3990

Academic Relations Manager

Microsoft Corporation


Outline l.jpg
Outline

  • Windows Embedded Challenge Competition

  • Windows CE as a Platform

  • Windows CE Platform Builder Tools


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Windows Embedded Challenge Overview

  • Goal: Supplement faculty initiatives by giving students the opportunity to work on real world projects, with hardware, software and technical support provided by Microsoft

  • Target Audience: Undergraduate Computer Engineering/ CS students worldwide.

    • Especially relevant for Senior Design/ Senior Project courses

  • Prizes:

    • 1st Prize - $8,000 US

    • 2nd Prize - $6,000 US

    • 3rd Prize - $4,000 US

    • 4th Prize - $3,200 US

    • 5th Prize - $2,400 US

  • Key dates for participating

    • Registration ends – Feb 6, 2005

    • Final reports due to both CSIDC and Microsoft - April 23, 2005Finalists announced - May 6, 2005

    • Finals - June 17&18, 2005 in Redmond, WA


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How does it work

Windows Embedded Challenge

Application

  • Contest among undergraduate students

  • Build a computer based system based on the theme – “Going beyond the boundaries”

  • Collaboration with CSIDC - IEEE

  • James Madison University – Champions, 2004

Students build apps using .Visual Studio .NET (C# &VB)

or

Embedded Visual C++ (C or C++)

Windows CE.NET

Customizable by students with Platform Builder,

the Windows CE IDE (also provided to teams)

Board Support package

Provided to participating teams

through ICOP

Hardware


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Microsoft Technical Support

Windows Embedded Challenge

  • Helpp@microsoft.com

    • Manned by over 25 Windows CE developers

    • Get answers to questions about Windows CE Software – how to configure, build, debug and deploy OS image

    • This was one of the most valuable resources last year for students

    • Will not help with writing code

  • Frequent Online chats

  • Other resources (books, etc) available on request

Be part of this exciting contest! Register Now!!

www.windowschallenge.com/register.aspx


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29 TEAMS INVITED TO THE FINALS in 2004

SUNY Stony Brook -3

SUNY Binghamton

UNL -3

UNO-1

Wisconsin Madison

Utah State

Boston College

UMass

Dartmouth

DePaul Bradley

James Madison

University

University of S.Carolina - 2

Cal Poly Pomona -2

CSU- Northridge

CSU Chico

CSU Long Beach

San Diego State

San Jose State-2

Santa Clara -2

Georgia State

LSU

Be part of this exciting contest! Register Now!!

www.windowschallenge.com/register.aspx


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OS Versus PlatformWhy distinguish between the two?

  • Because Windows desktop development blurs differences between them, causing confusion w.r.t. the embedded space.

  • To draw attention at some differences between Windows CE and other Windows OS.

  • To set the stage for talking about Tools.

  • To highlight some opportunities and design choices coming at us like an avalanche.


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Avalanche: Wide Range of Devices

Voice-over IP

Devices

Gateways

Thin Clients

Set-Top Boxes

Digital Audio

Receivers and Players

Mobile

Handhelds

Medical Devices

IndustrialAutomation

Smart Displays


Avalanche devices in automobiles l.jpg

Model

Automaker

BMW

7 Series

Citroen

C5, Xara

DaimlerChrysler

S-Class

Fiat

Lancia Thesis

Honda

Accord

Mitsubishi

Airtek, Lancer,

Grandis, Dingo

Subaru

Lancaster

Toyota

Will-CYPHA

(G-Book)

S60, S80, V70, XC

Volvo

Aftermarket

Clarion

Joyride, CADIAS

Hyundai ExRide

Aftermarket

Aftermarket

NexTech Carman-i

Avalanche: Devices in Automobiles


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Avalanche: 2500+ Partners

Over 2,500 Windows Embedded Partners worldwide

Exponential growth in China, Taiwan, India

Gold partners in all major regions

Industry experts

Demonstrating value across product line


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Operation Systems Are…

  • Webster Dictionary

    • “The Master Control Program that starts when a Computer boots”

  • Abstracts the hardware for applications

    • Offers standard APIs to access Hardware

  • Is not useful without hardware

    • You cannot just develop for an OS

  • Examples

    • Windows XP, Windows CE,Linux, …


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Platforms Are…

  • A specified set of OS technologies defined as components for a specific set of hardware

    • In the embedded space these are usually defined by the OEM

  • Applications are developed targeting the platform

  • The Platform SDK defines the platform

  • Microsoft platforms

    • Windows 3.1, Windows 98, Windows XP, Pocket PC, Pocket PC 2002, SmartPhone


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Windows XP versus Windows CE

  • Windows XP as a platform

    • Uniform platform with significant app compatibility

    • Restricted hardware architecture

      • Readily available, inexpensive

  • Windows CE as OS

    • A collection of components that can be assembled into a wide variety of platforms

    • Much more flexibility about the hardware since it supports 4 processor architectures:

      • X86

      • SH4

      • ARM

      • MIPS


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Design Choices

  • Build your own platform

    • Greater flexibility regarding choice of components to include

    • Platform designer supplies kernel and drivers

    • More work …

  • Develop towards an existing platform

    • App level environment already exists

    • You probably can’t change it

    • You can get stuck if you need a component that’s not available


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CE Technology ComponentsKernel, Power Manager, File System

  • Hard real-time preemptive multitasking kernel

    • Interprocess communication (IPC), sync objects

    • Memory mapped files, message queues, fibers

    • Virtual memory with hardware access protection

  • Installable ISRs, Multimedia timers, DMA APIs

    • more flexibility for drivers & apps

  • Kernel hooks for profiling and debugging

  • Flexible Power Manager with power profile states

  • Layered Storage Manager Architecture

  • File system Filters

    • E.G. for adding FS Encryption

  • Sample file system drivers in PB

    • FATFS, CDFS/UDFS, BinFS (Flash file system)


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CE Technology ComponentsNetworking & Communications

  • Self tuning TCP/IP stack, incl. IPv6 Support

  • NDIS 5.1 driver architecture; RNDIS supported

  • Winsock 2 & WinINet

  • Wireless networking

    • Bluetooth, including qualified profiles

    • 802.11, Auto configuration & 802.1x security

  • Services: LDAP, DCOM, SOAP, MSMQ, UPnP, …

  • Gateway functionality

    • V4 NAT/ICS and v6 routing & router advertisement (RA)

    • Firewall, DNS Proxy, DHCP allocation


Ce technology components graphics multimedia l.jpg

Windowing

Window / Dialog Manager

Basic / Common Controls

Graphics

DirectDraw,

Direct3D

GDI

Audio

DirectSound, WaveOut,

DirectMusic

Media Playback

DirectShow

Windows Media Technologies

Windows Media Player and ActiveX Control

Stream from media server, web, local file

Support for many types and formats

WMA, WMV, MPEG-1, MPEG-4, Wav, MP3, ADPCM, G.711, GSM 6.10

CE Technology ComponentsGraphics & Multimedia


Ce technology components services applications l.jpg

Shell (Desktop)

Two browsers

Email client

Wordpad

Viewers for MSWord, Excel, PowerPoint & PDF

Instant Messenger client

Terminal services client

Windows Media Player

Component Object Model / ActiveX Control infrastructure

.NET Compact Framework

Data synchronization infrastructure

Device Management

HTTP Server

FTP Server

Telnet Server

CE Technology ComponentsServices & Applications


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CE Technology ComponentsBoard Support Packages

  • Improve out-of-the-box experience

    • Evaluation & Learning

    • Prototype & Demonstration

  • Shorten time to booting prototype

    • Sample drivers based on integrated peripherals

    • Many source examples available

  • Decouple high-level app development from hardware and driver development

  • At least one BSP per supported kernel included in PB, additional on the web

  • Additional BSPs available on the web and included in reference hardware products


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Embedded Devices

Soft PLC

HMI Panel

HVAC Controller

Sewing Machine

Traffic Light

Set-top Box / Stereo Component

Cash Register

Mobile Devices

Smart Phone

PDA

Gaming device

Web Pad

Inventory Scanner

Portable Music Device

Robot

Embedded Devices Vs Mobile Devices


Embedded devices l.jpg
Embedded Devices

  • No power consumption optimization

  • Might not have a display

  • Application durability is most important

  • Software gets pre-installed

    • By OEM, Machine Builder, SP

  • Optimize for application footprint

    Mobile Devices

  • Optimization for power management

  • 99% have displays

  • User Experience and ease of use is essential

  • Footprint still important

    • Larger application may not install with default memory settings


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Platform Builder

  • Creates platforms with Windows CE

    • Assembles OS components into a device image

  • Mainly for OEM but also for driver development

  • Exports the platform SDK for embedded Visual Tools

    • Windows CE.NET PB exports to eVC 4.0

  • Emulator facilitates software development independent of hardware

  • Platform wizards walk you through component selection for common device types

  • Components can be added by dragging and dropping from the catalog

    • Dependency checking automatically brings in other needed components

  • New components can be written from scratch


Development cycle from platform to applications l.jpg

Device UnderDevelopment

Device Emulation

Development CycleFrom Platform to Applications

Device

Development

Builds and Brings Up Device

Application

Development

Builds Rich Applications

Export SDK with Device Specific

Win32 APIs or use Standard SDK

Platform

Builder

eMbedded Visual

C++ 4.0

C/C++ MFC/ATL

Download Device Specific Windows CE OS and Applications

Component Catalog incl. .NET CF

Visual Studio .NET

VB/C#

via KITL

via KITL

Build DeviceImage

Smart Device Programmability

Debug

Device


Windows ce core operating system architecture l.jpg
Windows CE: Core Operating System Architecture

Applications

Programming Interfaces

(Win32, COM, MFC, ATL)

Communication Interfaces

(Winsock, RAS, TAPI)

Networking and Communication System

Kernel

Library

Filesys

Device Manager

GWES

OAL Bootloader

Device Drivers

OEM Hardware


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Does Microsoft share its source code ?

  • Yes, through two programs:

    • Shared Source

    • Premium Share


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Remote Connectivity

Windows CE Shell Services

WIN32 APIs

COREDLL, WINSOCK, OLE, COMMCTRL, COMMDLG, WININET, TAPI

Shared Source: What is Included

Not Available

ISV, OEM Provided

Mostly Available

Applications

Embedded Shell

IrDA

Kernel

Library

TCP/IP

IPv6

GWES

File

Manager

Device Manager

File Drivers

Drivers

Device Drivers

OAL

Bootloader

OEM Hardware


Premium source what is included l.jpg

Remote Connectivity

Windows CE Shell Services

WIN32 APIs

COREDLL, WINSOCK, OLE, COMMCTRL, COMMDLG, WININET, TAPI

Premium Source: What is Included

Not Available

ISV, OEM Provided

Mostly Available

Applications

Embedded Shell

IrDA

Kernel

Library

TCP/IP

IPv6

GWES

File

Manager

Device Manager

File Drivers

Drivers

Device Drivers

OAL

Bootloader

OEM Hardware



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More Shared Source Information

  • Working with Shared Source code for Windows CE .NET

    • http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/?url=/library/en-us/dncenet/html/privatesource.asp

  • Shared Source Licensing Overview for Windows CE .NET

    • http://msdn.microsoft.com/embedded/ce.net/sharedsrccode/

  • List of Shared Source Files for Windows CE .NET

    • http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/default.asp?url=/library/en-us/wcepb40/htm/pbconsharedsourcecodedirectories.asp?frame=true

  • Microsoft Windows Embedded Community

    • http://msdn.microsoft.com/embedded/community/default.aspx

    • E-mail questions to: cesrc@microsoft.com or wemap@microsoft.com


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For More Information

  • Join the Windows Embedded Academic Program (WEMAP)

    • Contact us at: wemap@microsoft.com

    • Visit us online at:http://www.microsoft.com/windows/Embedded/ce.NET/evaluation/offers/academic.asp

  • CSIDC IEEE Contest

    • http://www.computer.org/csidc/

  • Windows Embedded Community (support, newsgroups, chats, events, newsletters…)

    • http://www.microsoft.com/windows/embedded/community

  • Hardware Empowerment Program

    • http://www.research.microsoft.com/collaboration/university/hep.aspx

  • MSDN Embedded (technical articles, documentation)

    • http://msdn.microsoft.com/embedded


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Additional Useful Links

  • Real-Time TechInsight

    • www.microsoft.com/windows/embedded/techinsights/realtime.asp

  • DevWire (newsletter including links to latest downloads, articles, content)

    • www.microsoft.com/windows/embedded/devwire

  • Windows CE .NET Downloads (Evaluation Edition, Smartphone SDK, etc)

    • www.microsoft.com/windows/embedded/ce.net/downloads

  • All Microsoft Downloads

    • www.microsoft.com/downloads

  • Case Studies:

    • Windows CE .NET

      • www.microsoft.com/windows/Embedded/ce.NET/evaluation/casestudies

    • Windows XP Embedded

      • www.microsoft.com/windows/Embedded/xp/evaluation/casestudies


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Books

  • Source Code Analysis of Windows CE .NET - released in China

  • Integration of a chapter (or more in some cases) into their core textbooks

    • Survey Of Operating Systems – McGraw-Hill Companies

    • Advanced Concepts In Operating Systems – McGraw-Hill Companies

    • Real-Time Programming: A Guide to 32-bit Embedded Development - Addison Wesley & Benjamin Cummings

    • An Embedded Software Primer - Addison Wesley & Benjamin Cummings

    • Introduction to Operating Systems - Addison Wesley & Benjamin Cummings

  • Industry books in progress and of interest to academia:

    • Windows XP Embedded with Service Pack 1 Step by Step

      • Written by Sean Liming, A7 Engineering (MVP) - Release Date:  June 2003

    • Inside Windows CE

      • Written by John Murray

    • Programming Windows CE .NET

      • Written by Doug Boling, Boling Consulting (MVP)